The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) US Department of Commerce

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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) US Department of CommerceAerospace States AssociationDr. Howard HararyDeputy Director for Manufacturing NIST Engineering Laboratory


<p>NIST BriefingA.pptx</p> <p> Aerospace States Association </p> <p>Dr. Howard Harary Deputy Director for Manufacturing NIST Engineering Laboratory </p> <p>March 22, 2011 </p> <p>NIST To promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life </p> <p>NIST: Basic Stats and Facts Major assets ~ 2800 federal employees ~ 2600 associates and facilities users/year ~ 1600 field staff in partner organizations </p> <p>(Manufacturing Extension Partnership) Two main locations, MD and CO Four collaborative Institutes (basic physics, </p> <p>biotech, quantum, marine) </p> <p>R</p> <p>ober</p> <p>t Rat</p> <p>he </p> <p>FY 2010 Appropriations $862 M </p> <p>Scien&amp;c and Technical Research Services </p> <p>Industrial Technology Services </p> <p>Construc&amp;on of Research Facili&amp;es </p> <p>$520 M </p> <p>$147 M </p> <p>$195 M </p> <p>FY 2010 Appropriations $862 M </p> <p>NIST: Major Program Areas NIST Laboratories Providing measurement solutions for industry </p> <p>and the Nation </p> <p>Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership Nationwide network of resources helping </p> <p>smaller manufacturers compete globally </p> <p>Baldrige Performance Excellence Program Strengthening performance excellence </p> <p>in U.S. business </p> <p>Technology Innovation Program Stimulating technological innovation to </p> <p>meet key societal challenges </p> <p>Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program Providing small manufacturing companies the Training, Tools and Connections to ACCELERATE INNOVATION; Leading to new opportunities in domestic &amp; export markets </p> <p>Today, 59 centers with ~ 400 field locations System wide, Non-Federal staff is ~ 1,600 Contracting with over 2,400 third party service providers </p> <p>MEP System budget ~ $300M 1/3 Federal, 2/3 State and Industry (fees for services) </p> <p>The Technology Innovation Program Funding Transformational Research for Critical National Needs </p> <p>6 </p> <p>FY2009 Awards in Manufacture of Advanced Materials: 12 awards totaling $84 M R&amp;D (Federal share $41 M) </p> <p>Key Features of TIP Novel Purpose: address societal challenges not being addressed in areas of Critical National Need </p> <p>Rich Teaming: businesses, academia, national labs, nonprofit research institutions, and other organizations. </p> <p>Scientific &amp; Technical Merit: high-risk, high-reward research </p> <p>Transformational Results: strong potential for advancing the state-of-the-art </p> <p>Societal Challenges: justifies government attention Clear Government Need: no other funding sources are reasonably available. </p> <p>Baldrige National Performance Excellence Program </p> <p> Standard of Performance Excellence </p> <p>Organizations are judged against the Baldrige criteria in seven areas: leadership strategic planning customer and market focus measurement, analysis, and knowledge management workforce focus process management and results Three awards may be given annually in </p> <p> manufacturing service small business </p> <p> education health care and nonprofit </p> <p>NIST Laboratories </p> <p>Measurement Science Physical measurements Fundamental units Applied measurements Calibrations State weights &amp; measures programs Material measurements Material composition &amp; properties Validated methods &amp; data Standard reference materials Laboratory accreditation (NVLAP) Performance Measurements Standards for function and interoperability Performance metrics Testing tools </p> <p>NIST Measurement Services For over a century, the measurement services programs of NIST have ensured the accuracy and reliability of nearly all measurements in the United States. </p> <p>U.S. Industry and the Consumer Over 1200 different Standard Reference Materials assure the </p> <p>accuracy of millions of measurements made daily in medical clinics, manufacturing plants, and industrial labs throughout the United States. </p> <p> 18, 000 test for 600 unique customers provide the foundation for the traceability of measurements required for assuring product quality and international trade. </p> <p>Federal Agencies Critical measurement support for federal agencies DoD, DoE, </p> <p>FAA, EPA, and NASA </p> <p>State Agencies NIST calibrations underpinned more than 360,000 weights and measures calibrations done by state laboratories to assure equity in commerce </p> <p>SRM </p> <p>NIST and Standards Standards solutions for </p> <p>national priorities Smart Grid, electronic health </p> <p>records, cybersecurity, advanced manufacturing, cloud computing, national building codes </p> <p>Resources Approx. 400 staff 100 + technical committees Roles Leadership/convening in ASME, </p> <p>ASTM Intl., IEEE, ISO, IEC, etc. Technical underpinnings Tools to promote standards quality </p> <p>through testing and validation Conformity assessment 800 + laboratories accredited by NVLAP </p> <p>Public Safety Communications: NIST and industry develop conformity assessment requirements for equipment interoperability </p> <p>Measurement Standards: NIST develops methodology for measuring energy consumption </p> <p>Unique Measurement Capability: National Facilities </p> <p>Center for Nanoscale Science &amp; Technology Collaborative research &amp; </p> <p>shared-access nanofabrication facility </p> <p> Established 2007 Large &amp; growing industrial </p> <p>use base </p> <p>Center for Neutron Research Most productive &amp; </p> <p>efficient neutron scattering facility in US </p> <p> Unique probe of atomic &amp; molecular structure/dynamics </p> <p> Accounts for over 2/3 of neutron research in US </p> <p>Engineering Laboratory at a Glance To promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness in areas of critical national priority by anticipating and meeting the measurement science and standards needs for technology-intensive manufacturing, construction, and cyber-physical systems in ways that enhance economic prosperity and improve the quality of life. </p> <p>Funding $86.3 M annual budget $64.8 M - NIST appropriations $21.5 M - Other Agency </p> <p>Divisions Manufacturing Systems </p> <p>Integration Intelligent Systems Materials &amp; Construction </p> <p>Research Building Environment Fire Research </p> <p>Staffing 263 NIST Staff 160 Guest Researchers </p> <p>Engineering Laboratory Organization </p> <p>Manufacturing Drivers </p> <p> Increasing pace of technological change Product and process innovation Shorter time-to-market </p> <p> Growth of international trade and distributed manufacturing </p> <p> Continual push for higher quality, better performing customized products </p> <p> Increasing productivity and reducing costs Need to reduce environmental impacts New safety and security challenges </p> <p>Key Challenges Facing Manufacturing </p> <p> Enhancing productivity at all levels; reducing waste and inefficiencies </p> <p> Distributed supply networks; industry fragmentation; innovation ecosystems </p> <p> Enabling innovation and competitiveness via: Better metrics for characterizing, monitoring, </p> <p>controlling, and optimizing performance </p> <p> Life-cycle performance (versus minimum first-cost) based investment options </p> <p> Technical basis and tools to support emerging standards, codes, and regulations </p> <p> Filling significant pre-competitive R&amp;D gaps </p> <p> EL Strategic Goals </p> <p>Measurement Science and Standards for: Smart Manufacturing, Construction, and </p> <p>Cyber-Physical Systems Sustainable and Energy-Efficient </p> <p>Manufacturing, Materials, and Infrastructure </p> <p> Disaster-Resilient Buildings, Infrastructure, and Communities </p> <p>Manufacturing Matters the EL Role </p> <p> Manufacturing is challenged by a changing world and more aggressive and adept competition </p> <p> Technology - to spur innovation and enhance quality and productivity - is a critical factor for the success of U.S. manufacturers </p> <p> EL helps manufacturers to innovate and compete more effectively by providing by providing measurement science to help advance technology and reduce risks of technology adoption </p> <p>Partners Representing Manufacturing Industry </p> <p>Agilent </p> <p>EL Manufacturing Program Portfolio </p> <p>Smart Manufacturing, Construction, and Cyber-Physical Systems Strategic Goal: Smart Manufacturing Processes and Equipment Next-Generation Robotics and Automation Smart Manufacturing and Construction Systems Systems Integration for Manufacturing and Construction Applications Sustainable and Energy-Efficient Manufacturing, Materials, and Infrastructure Strategic Goal: Sustainable Manufacturing Sustainable, High-Performance Infrastructure Materials Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings Embedded Intelligence in Buildings </p> <p>Mechanisms used to Work with Industry </p> <p> Joint projects with Consortia or Individual Companies CRADAs Research Agreements Grants and Contracts </p> <p> Patent licensing NIST Associates </p> <p>(Guest Researchers) SBIR Program </p> <p>Considerations in Working with Industry </p> <p> Is the work appropriate with respect to the NIST mission? Is the work appropriate with respect to </p> <p>the Laboratory mission? Does the Laboratory have the necessary competencies </p> <p>and equipment to succeed? Are required NIST capabilities and role unique? Does the work align well with existing or planned new </p> <p>technical programs and priorities? Does the nature of the project transcend the needs of an </p> <p>individual company, and is it infrastructural in nature? What will be the impact of the work, if successful? Are there sufficient resources to be successful? </p> <p>Strategies used to Work with Industry </p> <p> Standards Engagement Competitions at NIST Test </p> <p>Arenas and other venues Performance Test Methods </p> <p>and Metrics "Plugfests" at tradeshows Testbeds at NIST and testing </p> <p>tools available to industry </p> <p>Manufacturing Facilities and Testbeds </p> <p> Industrial Control System Networking and Security </p> <p> Smart and Wireless Sensors Laboratory </p> <p> Intelligent Mobility Robotics in Manufacturing </p> <p>and Safety </p> <p> Reference Test Arenas for Search and Bomb Disposal Robots </p> <p> Robot Test Facility for Developing Performance Characterization </p> <p> Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Networking </p> <p> Pulse-Heated Kolsky Bar Facility </p> <p>Print me a Stradivarius </p> <p>EL Confronts Challenges in Metal-Based Additive Manufacturing </p> <p> Rapid art-to-part capability of fabricating complex structures revolutionary potential </p> <p> Key barriers in the widespread adoption of metal-based additive processes </p> <p> part accuracy surface finish process certification data formats process speed </p> <p> EL: Identified barriers and research needs Evaluated research on machine/process performance Helped form Standards Committee F42 on Additive </p> <p>Manufacturing Technologies (founded 2009) </p> <p> ! ! Howard Harary!! ! Deputy Director ! ! for Manufacturing !! ! !! ! 301 975 3400! ! ! !! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! The NIST Engineering Laboratory! ! !! ! 100 Bureau Drive Stop 8200! ! ! ! ! ! Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8200!</p> <p>! ! !</p>