the tesla-gray plasma engine

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    The Tesla-Gray Plasma Engine

    By Thomas C. Kramer

    This paper is my theory as to how an internal combustion engine can be run on only

    water vapor or only on air. Now to most people that would sound a bit impossible,

    particularly if the engine were not powered by steam or compressed air, but merely on agenerated SPARK. This is what I intend to prove possible.

    It is first necessary to have a basic understanding of the underlying electronics use in

    such a system. This begins with a simple LC or induction circuit as the initial driver.This consists of a power source, a capacitor, a coil of wire and the wire connections

    through a switch.

    Simple Resonating Circuit

    Battery Capacitor

    Coil

    Switch

    This is a basic resonant circuit (LC circuit) whereby the capacitor charges and then

    discharges to the coil which bounces the charge back to the capacitor and the cycle

    repeats itself forever or until circuit factors drain off the energy. This bouncing back andforth of the electrical current creates a natural frequency in the circuit based on the

    capacity of the capacitor and the resistance of the wire coil (inductor). Think of this as a

    ringing tone.

    Now take a look at what Nicola Tesla patented to spark an internal combustion engine in

    US Patent No 609250. (see below)

    Here he is using the LC circuit to drive a primary coil to induce a secondary high voltage

    coil that causes the spark at the spark plug.

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    Capacitor Induction Coil HV Secondary Coil Spark PlugBattery Spark Gap Trigger

    Switch (Distributor)

    This is quite similar to how a modern car ignition system works with the battery chargingan ignition coil to high voltage (HV) which is released through the distributor cap via a

    low voltage spark gap (switch/breaker points/electronic triggers) that causes a highvoltage spark at the spark plugs. Nothing much has changed in this basic design for thelast 100 years.

    But it is necessary to take another step based on subsequent Tesla patents anddiscoveries. The first is to understand what Tesla did with his famous Tesla Coil.

    fig. 1 A typical Tesla coil

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    A Tesla Coil is basically a modern ignition coil with only a few wraps around the primary

    and a multi-wrapped secondary. Note that there are air gaps between the primary and

    secondary and that static sparks leap off the metal ball (or toroid) at the top.

    The triggering of the Tesla Coil is normally done using a rotary spark gap to a resonating

    circuit via a capacitor. This means that the primary and secondary coils resonateharmonically together at different frequencies if properly wound.

    Tesla took things a step further by resonating TWO secondary coils of different sizes

    using the same primary coil.

    This circuit created havoc! The discharges between the metal balls at the top of each

    secondary created BALL LIGHTNING that would fly around his lab destroying anything

    it can in contact with or by creating very loud explosions in the air. Tesla studied thiseffect to avoid the dangers that ball lightning created.

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    The SECRET OF Joe Cells and S1rs Watercar

    Note that Teslas BALL LIGHTNING was created by TWO POSITIVE ANODE

    DISCHARGES FROM TWO COILS IN HARMONIC RESONENCE WITH ONE COIL

    HAVING A HIGHER VOLTAGE THAN THE OTHER.

    That is fundamentally what EV Gray did, what Papp did and what S1r did. Simply, you

    create a high voltage and a low voltage spark gap (plug/positive anodes) and thedischarge will form a type of plasma ball in air. Do this intentionally in a cylinder that is

    grounded and you get a BIG BANG that is contained in a small area that is sufficient to

    drive a piston down.

    Graneau exploded water just using a single HV capacitance discharge, but this approach

    is not practical in an engine as it created a concentrated unidirectional explosion but was

    difficult to recharge and reload. Teslas dual coil simplicity, however, is easily replicated

    and can be fired at whatever frequency (RPM) required.

    S1rs circuit is very similar to Teslas in that he used his cars normal HV ignition coiland a low voltage (LV) 110v inverter rectified (with high amps) and fired these together

    through a single wire to the spark plugs. Many people were confused by S1rs relays, but

    these are just additional coils and a way to merge the POSITIVE HV and LV sources

    together AT A SINGLE ANODE. The same thing could be accomplished using a 2ANODE PLUG in each cylinder (but nobody makes those YET.)

    Papp essentially did the same thing with his engines and cannon devices. His differencewas in the fact that he used and re-circulated inert gases in his engine. He basically

    created a plasma ball explosion over and over again in a closed loop system.

    EV Gray did the same thing by using 2 anodes, but he added another trick of using a HV-

    LV discharge into a ring capacitor/inductor circuit.

    Mr. Barakas recent article The Secret of the Joe Cell is an excellent analysis of how

    the Tesla and Gray technologies have been mixed.

    What is more important is that Mr. Baraka essentially outlined other possible drivercircuits and modifications to Teslas and Grays circuits to suit modern electronic

    components. His paper is a foundation document, but it establishes the unique

    relationship between a HV-LV ANODE discharge system and ring capacitor/inductors.

    What was missing in Mr. Barakas analysis was the Tesla Ball Lightning and harmonic

    connections that create the explosive force inside a cylinder.

    I would like to briefly refer to EV Grays patent 4,595,975 to highlight the similarities

    with Tesla before discussing the Joe Cell implications.I

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    Battery +DC Distributor(Vibrator & Make-Break) LV Anode HV-LV Power

    OUTPUT

    AC Power Supply HV Coil Bridge HV Discharge HV Anode

    Transformer Rectifier Capacitor

    Diodes

    This is the basic EV Gray circuit. The low voltage (LV) side is a bit confusing because

    he was using an electronic vibrator to set a baseline timing frequency and a make-breakswitch that should be a rotary design. The rest of the circuit, as very clearly described by

    Mr. Baraka, are safety features.

    Do note that the HV and LV are married in the middle component and this combined

    THIRD VOLTAGE is what is used to drive the EV Gray engine or other devices.

    Now lets look at EV Grays secret component #14.

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    This is the innards of component #14.

    LV Pulsed Anode Carbon Resistor Spark Gap (Ball Lightning)

    HV Anode Ring Capacitor/ OUTPUT VoltageInductor Capacitor/Inductor

    The creation of a ring capacitor/inductor is the obvious link between an EV Gray circuitdesign and a Joe Cell design.

    Although EV Gray used air gaped concentric rings using air as the insulator material, it isequally effective to use any other dielectric material or WATER as a spacer so long as the

    metal rings are kept separate. If water is used, then non-corrosive metals or metals with

    non-corrosive but conductive surfaces must be used. This is simple logic.

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    Now lets take a closer look at a Joe Cell. I wrote about this before, but it didnt seem to

    sink into thick skulls. Note that the NEGATIVE LOW VOLTAGE TERMINAL ISCONNECTED TO THE INSIDE OF THE CENTER TUBE.

    This creates a negative charge on the INSIDE of the smallest cylinder and a POSITIVELOW VOLTAGE CHARGE ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE CYLINDER.

    The same effect can be achieved by using a solid rod charged POSITIVE as the centralANODE.

    Water molecules are thus charged by the POSITIVE charge and flip-flop into conductive

    patterns (STAGES) that subsequently charge the successive capacitor/inductor rings insequence. This has been clearly noticed by the changes in voltage readings between

    tubes at various charging stages and in the clear restructuring that charged water takes

    on to permit bi-directional energy transfers.

    The magnetic deflection of compass needles near a Joe Cell also clearly indicate a

    capacitance/inductance effect is taking place.

    In previous postings about Joe Cells I also mentioned that we are dealing with variations

    in POTENTIALS. That is, a high voltage potential and a low voltage potential. This is

    the same as is seen in the Tesla and Gray designs above. The Joe Cell is creating theLOW VOLTAGE circuit potential when installed onto an internal combustion engine.

    The normal ignition coil is the HV portion of this circuit.

    Bringing the two together you end up with a pulsed HV-LV ball lightning potential in

    each cylinder, particularly since the air in the cylinder is compressed and heated

    (mechanically energized) and often contains a percentage of di-polar water vapormolecules (atmospheric or injected).

    The harmonic tuning and optimizing of firing conditions can thus be technically analyzedas Mr. Baraka has done, but will most likely fall within the same basic Tesla and Gray

    circuit designs above with modernizations for finer adjustments (added variable resistors,

    timer chips, etc.)

    WATER or NO WATER?

    The Tesla, Gray and Papp designs give rise to the question of whether or not it is

    necessary to use a water cell approach or a dry cell approa

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