"to kill a mockingbird" intro
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- 1. I have a dream that my four littlechildren will one day live in a nationwhere they will not be judged by thecolor of their skin, but by the contentof their character."
2. Jim Crow Laws1880-1960 Segregation Separate butequal Punished forcontact betweenthe races 3. Jim Crow Guide1. A Black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a White male because itimplied being socially equal. Obviously, a Black male could not offer his hand or any otherpart of his body to a White woman, because he risked being accused of rape. 2. Blacks and Whites were not supposed to eat together. If they did eat together, Whiteswere to be served first, and some sort of partition was to be placed between them.3. Under no circumstance was a Black male to offer to light the cigarette of a Whitefemale -- that gesture implied intimacy. 4. Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public,especially kissing, because it offended Whites.5. Blacks were introduced to Whites, never Whites to Blacks.6. Whites did not use courtesy titles of respect when referring to Blacks, for example,Mr., Mrs., Miss., Sir, or Maam. Instead, Blacks were called by their first names or by boyor girl (regardless of age). Blacks had to use courtesy titles when referring to Whites,and were not allowed to call them by their first names. 7. If a Black person rode in a car driven by a White person, the Black person sat in theback seat, or the back of a truck.8. White motorists had the right-of-way at all intersections. 4. The Great Depression (1930s) hit the Southespecially hard poverty Americans turnedaway from the rest ofthe world and awayfrom each other More tensionbetween races 5. Businesses failed,factories closed People were out of work Even people with moneysuffered because nothingwas being produced forsale. Lots of people spent theirmoney during the RoaringTwenties and had nosavings Poor people lost theirhomes, were forced tolive off the land. 6. Gender Bias (Prejudice againstwomen) Women - weak not educated foroccupations outside thehome Men not consideredcapable of nurturingchildren 7. White trash Poor, uneducated white people who lived onrelief lowest social class, even below the poor blacks prejudiced against black people felt the need to put down blacks in order toelevate themselves 8. Legal Issues of the 1930s Juries were MALEand WHITE Fair trial did notinclude acceptanceof a black mansword against awhite mans 9. Setting Maycomb, Alabama(fictional city) 1933-1935 Although slavery haslong been abolished,the Southerners inMaycomb continue tobelieve in whitesupremacy. 10. Themes Prejudice (racial, social,religion, handicapped, gender,age) Social Snobbery Morality Tolerance Patience Equality The Need for Compassion The Need for Conscience 11. Symbolism The Mockingbird: Symbolizes EverythingThat is Good and Harmless in This WorldThe mockingbird only sings to please othersand therefore it is considered a sin to shoota mockingbird. They are consideredharmless creatures who give joy with theirsong.Two characters in the novel symbolize themockingbird: Tom Robinson & Boo Radley. 12. Jean Louis Finch Scout narrator looks back at herchildhood six when the storybegins. She is naturally curiousabout life. 13. Scouts Character Traits Tomboy Impulsive Emotional Warm & friendly Sensitive Adorable Gains in maturity throughout the novel 14. Atticus Finch Father of Scout and Jem A widower An attorney by profession Highly respected Good citizen good values and morals His children call him Atticus Honest Typical southern gentleman Brave Courteous Soft-spoken 15. Jem FinchScouts older brotherLooks up to his father AtticusUsually looks out for ScoutTypical older brother at timesSmartCompassionateMatures as the story progresses 16. Calpurnia The Finchs blackhousekeeper Has watched the childrensince their mothers death Has been a positiveinfluence on the children. 17. Arthur Boo Radley An enigma An adult man, whose father has sentenced him toa lifetime confinement to their house because ofsome mischief he got into when he was a teenager. Has a reputation of being a lunatic Basically a harmless, well-meaning person Sometimes childlike in behavior Starving for love and affection 18. Tom Robinson A young, harmless,innocent, hardworkingblack man Has a crippled left hand Married with threechildren. Works on a farmbelonging to Mr. LinkDeas, a white man Will be falsely accused ofraping a white girl,Mayella Ewell 19. Dill A close friend of Jemand Scout Usually lives inMaycomb only duringthe summer (stays witha relative) Tells big stories Has been deprived oflove and affection 20. Two Poor White Families:The Cunninghams The Ewells Poor white family Hard-working Honest Proud Survive on very little Always pay back theirdebts even if it is withhickory nuts, turnips, orholly. Poor white trash Dirty Lazy Good-for-nothing Never done a dayswork Foul-mouthed Dishonest Immoral 21. The Black Community Simple Honest Clean Hard-working God fearing Proud Would never take anythingwith paying it back Respectful Had stronger character thanmost of the whites Oppressed Uneducated Discriminated against Talked about badly Deserve better than what isdished out to them bysociety 22. Language Various derogatory terms forblacks will be used such asnigger, darky, Negroes, andcolored folk Lee uses suchlanguage to keep her novelnaturally in sync with commonlanguage of the times