unit 8. early modern era, renaissance and baroque

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Cristbal Marn I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY 79 GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE OUTLINE ASPECTOS LINGSTICOS VOCABULARY 1 - WHAT IS IT AND WHEN WAS IT? 2 - WHY DID IT ARISE? 3 - WHAT ARE ITS MAIN CHARACTERISTICS AND EVENTS BETWEEN THE 15TH AND THE17TH CENTURIES? AUTHORITARIAN AND ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES. DISCOVERY AND COLONIZATION OF AMERICA. PROTESTANT REFORMATION AND RELIGIOUS WARS. SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION. RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE. 4 - WHAT IS IT AND WHEN WAS IT? 15TH CENTURY 16TH CENTURY 17TH CENTURY 18TH CENTURY 5 - WHY DID IT ARISE? HUMANISM AND ANTHROPOCENTRISM STRONGER MONARCHIES OPEN MENTALITY; ENTERPRISING; GRAND SCALE TRADE; EXPLORATION; DISCOVERIES CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY; RENAISSANCE 6 - WHAT ARE ITS MAIN CHARACTERISTICS AND EVENTS BETWEEN THE 15TH AND THE17TH CENTURIES? AUTHORITARIAN AND ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES. DISCOVERY AND COLONIZATION OF AMERICA. PROTESTANT REFORMATION AND RELIGIOUS WARS. SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION. RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE. 9 - VOCABULARY GOING TO IR A AFIRMATIVA, NEGATIVA, INTERROGATIVA. EXPRESIONES DE FUTURO. LA OBLIGACIN Y LA PROHIBICIN: MUST/ MUSTNT. WILL. AFIRMATIVA, NEGATIVA, INTERROGATIVA. EL PRIMER CONDICIONAL PHONETICS // / l / / r / / h / /w/ / j/ ABSOLUTE MONARCHY ANTHROPOCENTRISM ANTIQUITY AUTHORITARIAN MONARCHY COLONIALISM COUNTER-REFORMATION CRITICAL ENLIGHTENMENT TO EXCEL FIGTHS HELIOCENTRIC HUMANISM TO IMPOSE NATURALISTIC PROTESTANT REFORMATION RENAISSANCE SCIENTIFIC TELESCOPE TO LEAD Cristbal Marn I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY 80 GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE 1- What is it and when was it? The Early Modern Era is the historical period from the fall of Constantinople (1453) to the French Revolution (1792). 2- Why did it arise? . E EA AR RL LY Y M MO OD DE ER RN N E ER RA A This period arose as a result of the following causes: - New currents of thinking: Humanism and Anthropocentrism. - New stronger monarchies. - More open and enterprising mentality. - Rediscovery of Classical Antiquity: Greece and Rome. - A new artistic style in Italy: Renaissance. - Development of grand scale trade. - Travels of exploration and new geographical discoveries. - Authoritarian and Absolute monarchies. - Discovery and colonization of America. - Protestant Reformation and Religious Wars. - Scientific Revolution. - Renaissance and Baroque. 3 - Which are its main characteristics and events between the 15th and the 17th centuries? - In the 15th and 16th centuries the European monarchies became stronger than they were in the Middle Ages (Authoritarian Monarchies). As a result, the Modern States were founded. - Kings obtained more powers and imparted their authority to the nobles. E.G. The Catholic Monarchs of Spain. - In the 17th century the European kings obtained all powers of the State: legislative, executive, judicial (Absolute Monarchies). E.G. Louis XIV of France (the Sun King). - Portuguese people and Spaniards made a lot of maritime expeditions during the 15th century. - The little fleet of Christopher Columbus arrived in America in 1492. Afterwards, there were many more fleets and that marked the beginning of conquest and colonization of the New Continent (the Vikings had come there long before). - Spain created a great colonial empire and kept it till the beginning of the 19th century. Other European countries obtained territories in America during those centuries too. - - Critical voices inside the Catholic Church led to a deep religious crisis. One of those voices was Martin Luther. - The Protestant Reformation divided a lot of parts of Europe between Catholics and Protestants. - From the Protestantism arose Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglicanism and other different currents. - The Catholic Church made its own reformation or counter-reformation to fight against Protestants. Those fights led to Religious Wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. - In the 16th and 17th centuries, thanks to Humanism, a Scientific Revolution developed in Europe. - There were great advances in Maths, Physics, Astronomy Medicine, Anatomy, Biology, Botany, etc. - Leonardo da Vinci, Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Newton, Servetus, among many others, excelled. - The Renaissance artistic style was developed during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, but it had a previous influence. - Its models were the artistic elements of Classical Art. - There were great architects, sculptors and painters (Drer, Brunelleschi, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo,) - Baroque is the artistic style of the 17th century. - Its more decorative and naturalistic than the Renaissance. - This style has a symbolical and propaganda sense. - Some artists were: Bernini, Caravaggio, Velzquez Cristbal Marn I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY 81 GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE 5 - Why did it arise? - Authoritarian and Absolute monarchies. - Discovery and colonization of America. - Protestant Reformation and Wars of Religion. - Scientific Revolution. - Renaissance and Baroque. 6 - What are its main characteristics and events between the 15th and the 17th centuries? E EA AR RL LY Y M MO OD DE ER RN N E ER RA A THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS OF SPAIN LOUIS XVI OF FRANCE MARTIN LUTHER GALILEOS TELESCOPE CRISTOPHER COLOMBUS COLONIZATION OF AMERICA WARS OF RELIGION HELIOCENTRIC THEORY NEWTON ST. PETERS BASILICA ADAM MADONNA 15th Century - The fall of Constantinople. - Authoritarian Monarchies. - The Modern States. - Discovery of America. - Renaissance. 16th Century - Authoritarian Monarchies (Charles V and Philip II of Spain). - Protestant Reformation. - Colonization of America. - Spanish Empire. - Wars of Religion. 17th Century - Absolute Monarchies - Wars of Religion - Thirty Years War. - Spanish Empire. - Economic Crisis. - Baroque art. 18th Century - Age of Enlightenment. - Enlightened - Absolutism. -Neoclassicim. - Colonialism. - French Revolution. Humanism and AnthropocentrismThomas More Stronger Monarchies Charles V & I Open mentality; Enterprising; Trade to great scale; Exploration; Discoveries. Port of Seville Classical Antiquity; Renaissance Leonardos Vitruvian man 4 - What is it and when was it? Cristbal Marn I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY 82 GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE 7 VOCABULARY English Pronunciation Spanish A Absolute adj. Absoluta-o Amongst prep. ]'m/p(st)] Entre Anthropocentrism sust. ]nrp'sen'trIzm] Antropocentrismo Antiquity sust. ]n'tIkwtI] Antigedad Authoritarian adj. ]a:crI'terIn] Autoritaria-o C Colonial adj. ]k'InII] Colonial Colonialism sust. ]k'InIIIzm] Colonialismo Counter-reformation sust. ]'kantr-'reIr'meIn] Contrarreforma Critical adj. ]'krItIkI] Crtico-a Currents of thinking sust., prep. y sust. ]'k/rnt] ]cv] ]'IkI] Corrientes de pensamiento D Decorative adj. ]'dekrtIv] Decorativo-a E Enlightenment sust. ]In'IaItnmnt] Ilustracin Enterprising sust. ]'entrpraIzI] Emprendedor-a, ores-oras Example Gratia (E.G.) ]Ig'z:mpI] ]'grtIa] Por ejemplo to Excel verb. ]Ik'seI] Destacar Executive adj. ]Ig'zekjtIv] Ejecutivo F Fights sust. ]IaIts] Luchas, contiendas, peleas Fleet sust. ]III:t] Flota H Heliocentric adj. ]hIIIo'scntrIk] Heliocntrico Humanism sust. ]'hju:mnIzm] Humanismo I to Impose verb. ]Im'pz] Imponer J Judicial adj. ]du:'dII] Judicial L to Lead verb. ]II:d] Condujeron, llevaron Legislative adj. ]'IedIsItIv] Legislativo M Models sust. ]'mcds] Modelos N Naturalistic adj. ]'ntrIstIk] Naturalista P Previous adj. ]'prI:vIs] Previo, anterior Port sust. ]pa:rt] Puerto Propaganda adj. ]prcp'gnd] Propagandstico Protestants sust. ]'pr:tstnts] Protestantes R Rediscovery sust. ]'rI:dI'sk/vrI] Redescubrimiento Reformation sust. ]reI'meIn] Reforma Renaissance sust. (nombre propio) ]rI'neIsns] Renacimiento Revolution sust. ]'rev'Iu:n] Revolucin Cristbal Marn I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY 83 GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY UNIT 8: EARLY MODERN ERA, RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE S Scale sust. ]skeII] Escala Scientific sust. ]'saIn'tIIIk] Cientfico Sculptors sust. ]'sk/Iptrs] Escultores Sense sust. ]sens] Sentido Symbolical adj. ]sIm'bcIIkI] Simblico T Telescope sust. ]'teIskp ] Telescopio FOTOS - Cada de Constantinopla: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_uheNlUAGBA8/SekPaX8iTeI/AAAAAAAAAyI/T0Nv7VISsf8/s320/caida1.jpg - Felipe II: http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/f/fotos/felipe_ii.jpg - La Rendicin de Breda o Las Lanzas: http://farm1.static.flickr.com/62/220976808_081ea4a13e.jpg - La Toma de la Bastilla: http://www.ambafrance-uk.org/IMG/jpg_bastille.jpg - Toms Moro: http://www.canvasreplicas.com/images/Sir%20Thomas%20More%20Hans%20Holbein.jpg - Carlos V: