w1 all children can learn
Post on 22-Jul-2016
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All Children Can Learn: Our Biological Imperative
Encephalon78% water, 10% fat, 8% proteinCerebral cortex: Latin for bark or rind is 4 8 neurons thick (thin orange rind)Gyri and sulci allow the covering to maximize the surface areaLaid out, cortex is the size of an unfolded single page of a newspaper
Energy for LearningConsumes 20% of bodys energyReceives about 8 gallons of blood per hour, about 198 gallons per dayNeeds 8 12 glasses of water per day for optimal functioningDehydration leads to lethargy and impaired learningNutrition critical to optimal functioning
Did you know?The average adult lungs can hold nearly two gallons of air. Due to chronically shallow breathing patterns, however, most adults only inhale between two and three pints of air per inhalation.
Learning.comLearning rewires the brainMemory stored in all parts of encephalonLearning = long term potentiation = myelinationTeachers are actually facilitators of myelination
LearningInvolves our entire body, our emotions, our attitudes, our beliefs, our developmental rate, our gender andour health
LearningSimultaneously processes all at once a world of color, movement, emotion, shape, intensity, sound, taste, weight
LearnersRequire novelty. A slower, more linear pace actually inhibits learningNeed quiet periods to process newly obtained information. Learning is maximized by alternating focused attention and diffused activities
The Student:Is typically starved for information, experience and stimuli in a traditional classroomMay be subject to the Six hour retarded child syndrome (Mercer)Is enhanced by challenge and inhibited by threat (complex learning) (Caine)Thinking style may often be confused with quality of intelligence (Sternberg)
Mercer, J. R. (1973). Labeling the mentally retarded; clinical and social system perspectives on mental retardation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Caine, R. N. (2009). 12 brain/mind learning principles in action: developing executive functions of the human brain (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Corwin Press.
All students can learnOLD : Teacher teaches, students perform, teacher assesses.NEW: Teacher is a catalyst for student learning and student self-assessment.
Everything that we have discovered about the brain in the last 20 years suggests that we need more stimulus, more change, more movement and more perspectives in the classroom. All the world is a classroom, with the most vivid lessons found in nature. Eric JensenJensen, E. (2005). Teaching with the brain in mind (2nd ed.). Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Many learning problems could be eliminated if teachers examined more carefully the mismatch between their teaching style and their students thinking style. Sternberg
All students are discoverersOLD: Student as subject; teacher identifies, measures and demands desirable outcomes, based on reward and punishment.NEW: How does the human brain naturally learn best; and what can we do to provide it the optimal environment?
All students have giftsOLD : Teacher tests students to find out if they are gifted or not.NEW: Teachers believe their job is to bring out the giftedness in each of their learners.
All learners love successOLD : Avoid mistakes theyre bad. Mark down students for poor results.NEW: Mistakes provide valuable feedback and an opportunity to grow. We can use them positively and learn from them.
Treat people as if they were what they ought to be and you help them to become what they are capable of being.
Johann W. von Goethe
All students can succeedOLD : Some students are going to fail no matter what is done. Thats just the way it is.NEW: Teacher instills an attitude of success. By being flexible and judicious, student success rates soar.
Relationship3OLD : Label students based on their classroom performance.NEW: Treat negative classroom behaviors as temporary and every student as having unlimited potential.
Do not use a hatchet to remove a fly from your friends forehead.Chinese Proverb
Teaching is a 110% effortOLD : Teaching is a safe, easy, low-risk profession.NEW: Successful teaching in todays climate requires vigilant personal growth, rigorous professional growth and calculated risk-taking.
We are all teachers and learnersTeaching and learning is a lifelong process, not an event, or a class, or a day at school. One does not simply become a great teacher; one simply commits to it as a path. Eric JensenJensen, E. (2005). Teaching with the brain in mind (2nd ed.). Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
The Biological ImperativeThe brain is designed for learning.The brain is dynamic, complex, changing organ that houses the mind.Most learning takes place unconsciously.It is never too late to learn.
Children need a flood of information, a banquet, a feast. Martha Pearson
Become the lesson you would teach.Leonard Roy Frank