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    Warren K. Moorehead records, circa 1800-1938 (bulk 1900-1938): A Finding Aid

    Descriptive summary Repository: Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology Collection number: 01.02 Title and dates: Warren K. Moorehead records, circa 1800-1938 (bulk 1900-1938) Creators: Warren K. Moorehead Size: 10 linear feet (6 record cartons, 3 flat boxes) Language of materials: English, French Abstract: This collection contains records produced during the course of Warren K. Moorehead’s curatorship and directorship of Phillips Academy’s Department of Archaeology, 1901-1938.

    Provenance The materials in this collection are museum records and have presumably remained at the museum since their creation.

    Processing information This collection was partly processed by museum staff during the late 1990s-early 2000s. Series were identified, original folders were replaced, and handwritten lists of contents and correspondents of individual folders were created. In 2017, archivist Irene Gates continued processing the collection by rehousing materials into acid-free record cartons and flat boxes, incorporating Moorehead material that hadn’t previously been included, creating this finding aid, and transcribing the lists of correspondents in individual folders to include in the finding aid. Information in the finding aid in brackets was supplied by the archivist; all non-bracketed information was transcribed directly from the materials.

    Conditions governing access This collection is open for research.

    Preferred citation Warren K. Moorehead records, Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology.

    Related material  Photographic collections (Moorehead’s lantern slide collection, and his White Earth, Maine

    excavation, and Etowah excavation photographs, circa 1900-1938

     Site records, circa 1910-present

     Founder records, 1898-1903

     Department of Archaeology Advisory Committee records, 1911-1925

    Biographical note Warren King Moorehead (1866-1939) grew up in Ohio, where he cultivated a lifelong interest in archaeology and American Indians. He attended Denison University but did not complete his undergraduate studies. In his early career, he worked as a correspondent for The Illustrated American and served as the first curator of the Ohio Archaeological Society. In 1896, he began what would become a personal friendship with Robert S. Peabody, providing the latter with several American Indian artifact collections. Moorehead was subsequently chosen by Peabody to be the first curator of the

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    Phillips Academy Department of Archaeology (Robert S. Peabody Foundation for Archaeology; Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology) in 1901, and served in that capacity until 1924, when he assumed directorship of the department. He retired in 1938, a year before his death. Throughout his career Moorehead was a prolific excavator and writer. His large-scale archaeological surveys and excavations included the Arkansas River Valley, northwest Georgia, and coastal and interior Maine. Artifacts from these activities expanded the Department of Archaeology's collection by nearly 200,000 objects. Some of his publications were the result of these expeditions; others highlighted the artifact collections of a widespread network of collectors and antiquarians, and still others focused on the injustices of the contemporary situation of American Indians. Moorehead also served on the federal Board of Indian Commissioners, 1908-1933, and gave talks accompanied by lantern slides on both the prehistory and more recent history of American Indians to the general public.

    Series outline Series I. Correspondence, 1880-1937 (bulk circa 1901-1937) Series II. Survey projects, circa 1800-1938 (bulk 1905-1938) Series III. Publications, 1892-1932 (bulk circa 1900-1932) Series IV. Smoke Talks, 1917-1924 Series V. Theodore Vail account records, 1914-1921 Series VI. Department of Archaeology account ledger and journal, 1901-1914

    Scope and content Moorehead’s records were produced during the course of his work as Curator, 1901-1924, and Director, 1924-1938, of the Phillips Academy Department of Archaeology, as well as through the course of his public lecturing and publication projects. They consist of correspondence, administrative files from his survey projects, materials used in preparation for his publications, organizational records and correspondence of a Phillips Academy social club lecture series, and vouchers and invoices for accounting purposes. The correspondence relates to the Department of Archaeology’s administration, the acquisition of artifact collections, responses to general public inquiries, communications with peer institutions and scholars and Moorehead’s “illustrated lectures” series. The survey project series contains materials relating to the following projects: Arkansas, Texas, and New Mexico; Cahokia Mounds (Illinois); Fort Ancient (Ohio); Maine; Mandan (North Dakota); the Merrimack River Valley (Massachusetts and New Hampshire); the Southern United States (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia and Washington, D.C.) and the Susquehanna River (New York, Pennsylvania and Maryland). The survey project files are mainly administrative but a few contain field records such as site drawings and photographs. The publication material includes photographs of objects sent in by artifact collectors that Moorehead drew upon for the two-volume The Stone Age in North America (1910), a notebook containing handwritten index notes for The Archaeology of Maine (1922) and manuscript mockups, mounted photographs, publication figures and printing plates for Exploration of the Etowah Site in Georgia: The

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    Etowah Papers (1932). The organizational records and correspondence of the Phillips Academy “Smoke Talks” lecture series contain membership lists, event invitations and correspondence about possible lecturers and lecture topics. The Theodore Vail account records mostly consist of vouchers and expense lists documenting the use of private funds that Moorehead received from Vail. They provide information on the projects Moorehead was carrying out, as well as on the acquisition of American Indian artifact collections in the early 20th century. The Department of Archaeology account ledger and journal document department expenses.

    Container list Series I. Correspondence, 1880-1937 (bulk circa 1901-1937) Scope and content: This series contains correspondence related to Moorehead’s administration of the Phillips Academy Department of Archaeology and its artifact collections, and to the lectures illustrated by lantern slides he gave at various venues around the United States, mainly along the East Coast and in the Midwest. Correspondence regarding administration of the Department of Archaeology contains communications with the Phillips Academy Board of Trustees and the Advisory Committee for Archaeology (formed by the school to advise them on how to best use the department’s endowment), and associated department and expedition reports and budgets. There is also correspondence about artifact collections that Moorehead was asked to give advice on, was acquiring for others, or was acquiring for the museum. Box 01, folder 01 [Bushnell, D.I., Jr., Smithsonian Institution], 1915 Box 01, folder 02 Dixon, Ronald B., 1914-1915 Box 01, folder 03 Peabody, Dr. Charles, 1908-1914 Box 01, folder 04 Peabody, Dr. Charles, 1915 Box 01, folder 05 [Peabody, Dr. Charles], 1937 Box 01, folder 06 Pendleton, Susan B. (Hebron, Connecticut), 1927-1936 Box 01, folder 07 Pfeiffer, Dr. L., 1912 Box 01, folder 08 Putnam, Dr. F. W., 1912-1913 Box 01, folder 09 Ropes, Prof. J.H. (1/2), 1912-1914 Box 01, folder 10 Ropes, Prof. J.H. (2/2), 1912-1914 Box 01, folder 11 Ropes, Prof. J.H., 1915 Box 01, folder 12 Ripley, Alfred L., 1911-1914

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    Box 01, folder 13 Robbins, Mary E., 1912 Box 01, folder 14 Rowell, G.P. (Stamford, Connecticut), 1918-1919 Box 01, folder 15 Sawyer, James C., 1912-1914 Box 01, folder 16 Sears, Clara Endicott, 1929-1930 Box 01, folder 17 [Seever], 1932 Box 01, folder 18 Smith, Harlin I., 1913 Box 01, folder 19 Stearns, Alfred E., 1912-1915 Box 01, folder 20 [Tyler, Oscar J.], 1911-1916 Box 01, folder 21 Vail, Theo. N., New York City, 1915-1931 Box 01, folder 22 [Verges, Eugene M., Puerto Rico], 1925 Box 01, folder 23 Various collection/collectors, 1906-1926 Box 01, folder 24 Committee of Trustees, 1912 Box 01, folder 25 Trustees, recommendations for, 1914 Box 01, folder 26 [Trustees and Advisory Committee, reports and correspondence], 1911-1919 Box 01, folder 27 Course in Beginning Anthropology endorsements, 1930

    Scope and content: Correspondents include Fay Cooper-Cole, E. Sapir, Wm. J. Newlin, George W. Rightmire, James R. Angell, E.A. Hooton, Livingston Farrand, Radcliffe Heermance, William Lowe Bryan, Arthur Stanley Pease, Frank Egleston Robbins, Josiah H. Pennimen, Ernest Hopkins, David Kinley and Kenneth O. Mason.

    Box 01, folder 28 [Library/publications loose correspondence], circa 1903-1920 Box 01, folder 29 [Museum collections drawers – Geo. P. Page Company], 1915 Box 01, folder 30 [Department budgets and expedition budgets], 1914-1915 Box 01, folder 31 What department has accomplished, 1913-1922 Box 01, folder 32 Yale University Press, circa 1915-1930 Box 01, folder 33 Misc., 1915-1931

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    Scope and content: Correspondents include Floyd V. Studer, W.E. Myer