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World War I The War To End All Wars

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Page 1: World war I

World War I

The War To End All Wars

Page 2: World war I

The Face of Europe

Page 3: World war I

Spoiling for War

• Militarism-Belief that war and combat are good and moral.

• Alliances-Germany and Austria-Hungary verse England, France, and Russia.

• Imperialism-The lust to gain more power and territory.

• Nationalism-Hatred for other countries and love for one’s own.

Page 4: World war I

Powder Keg of Europe

• The Balkans had numerous ethnic groups all demanding freedom.

• Austria-Hungary was a declining power in the early 20th century. To gain power they bullied the weaker powers in the Balkans.

• The Serbians were the number one enemy to the Austrians.

Page 5: World war I

Assassin in Sarajevo

• Franz Ferdinand was the Arch-Duke of Austria. His assassination by Serbian nationalists gave Austria the excuse to crush the “Serbian Viper.”

Page 6: World war I

The Guns of August

• Austria invaded Serbia with the promise of full support from Germany, in Response Russia defended Serbia. This in turn led to Germany attacking France, Russia’s ally.

• The German plan was to attack knock France out of the War and then turn all their armies on Russia.

Page 7: World war I

The Slaughter• For 4 years both sides massacred one another in a war

of attrition.• Germany bore the brunt of the war for the Central

Powers while Russia, France, and England carried the war for the allies.

• Both sides used new weapons such as tanks and gas warfare to break the stalemate.

• Germany eventually used unrestricted submarine warfare to starve England into submission. In 1915 they sank the cruise ship Lusitania killing many Americans. For a while the Germans backed off.

Page 8: World war I

The Argonne

Page 9: World war I

Lusitania

Page 10: World war I

U-Boat

Page 11: World war I

Russia Collapses

• In 1917 the Russian Empire could no longer take the strains of war. The Russian army simply got up and walked out of the trenches back to their villages.

• In Petrograd a food riot led to the eventual overthrow of the Tsar. A provisional government tries to continue the war but they were overthrown by the Bolsheviks.

Page 12: World war I

Nicholas II

• Nicholas and his family were overthrown and eventually killed by the Bolsheviks.

Page 13: World war I

Lenin Promising Peace

Page 14: World war I

Over There• With extra troops from the Russian front the

German's decided to knock France and England out of the War.

• Part of the plan included using submarines on all ships, including American, that entered English waters.

• In response the American president Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany.

Page 15: World war I

The End

• A final German attack was beaten back with the help American reinforcements in 1918.

• The defeat of Germany meant the end of the war and quickly the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Ottoman empire were all overthrown.

• The victorious powers then meant at the palace of Versailles outside of Paris.

Page 16: World war I

Versailles• The Big Three Powers were England,

France, and the United States. Germany and Russia were not invited.

• Germany was to pay reparations(Money) to pay fro the war damage and accept responsibility for starting the war..

• Wilson believed in Self-Determination, so many different ethnic groups got their own countries. Especially in Eastern Europe where Austria and Russia so their empires turned into many different countries.

Page 17: World war I

Wilson, Clemenceau, and David Lloyd George

Page 18: World war I

League of Nations

• To prevent another war the world formed a League of Nations where countries could come together to hammer out problems.

• The United States although an architect of the Treaty of Versailles did not ratify the Treaty from fear it would lead to constant American involvement in European affairs.

Page 19: World war I

Effects of the War• Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Yugoslavia,

Poland, Hungary,and Finland are a few of the countries created after World War I.

• The Germans were invited only to sign the treaty, and many Germans felt the Treaty was unjust.

• Millions were killed in the fighting and billions of dollars of damage occurred.

• All of Germanys colonies were put under the mandate (control) of Britain and France.

Page 20: World war I

German Dead

Page 21: World war I

                              

Page 22: World war I

British Amputees

                                                    

Page 23: World war I

Polish Dead

                                             

Page 24: World war I

The Man with no Face

                              

Page 25: World war I

The End