world war i

World War I The War To End All Wars

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Page 1: World war I

World War I

The War To End All Wars

Page 2: World war I

The Face of Europe

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Spoiling for War

• Militarism-Belief that war and combat are good and moral.

• Alliances-Germany and Austria-Hungary verse England, France, and Russia.

• Imperialism-The lust to gain more power and territory.

• Nationalism-Hatred for other countries and love for one’s own.

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Powder Keg of Europe

• The Balkans had numerous ethnic groups all demanding freedom.

• Austria-Hungary was a declining power in the early 20th century. To gain power they bullied the weaker powers in the Balkans.

• The Serbians were the number one enemy to the Austrians.

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Assassin in Sarajevo

• Franz Ferdinand was the Arch-Duke of Austria. His assassination by Serbian nationalists gave Austria the excuse to crush the “Serbian Viper.”

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The Guns of August

• Austria invaded Serbia with the promise of full support from Germany, in Response Russia defended Serbia. This in turn led to Germany attacking France, Russia’s ally.

• The German plan was to attack knock France out of the War and then turn all their armies on Russia.

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The Slaughter• For 4 years both sides massacred one another in a war

of attrition.• Germany bore the brunt of the war for the Central

Powers while Russia, France, and England carried the war for the allies.

• Both sides used new weapons such as tanks and gas warfare to break the stalemate.

• Germany eventually used unrestricted submarine warfare to starve England into submission. In 1915 they sank the cruise ship Lusitania killing many Americans. For a while the Germans backed off.

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The Argonne

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Russia Collapses

• In 1917 the Russian Empire could no longer take the strains of war. The Russian army simply got up and walked out of the trenches back to their villages.

• In Petrograd a food riot led to the eventual overthrow of the Tsar. A provisional government tries to continue the war but they were overthrown by the Bolsheviks.

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Nicholas II

• Nicholas and his family were overthrown and eventually killed by the Bolsheviks.

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Lenin Promising Peace

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Over There• With extra troops from the Russian front the

German's decided to knock France and England out of the War.

• Part of the plan included using submarines on all ships, including American, that entered English waters.

• In response the American president Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany.

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The End

• A final German attack was beaten back with the help American reinforcements in 1918.

• The defeat of Germany meant the end of the war and quickly the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Ottoman empire were all overthrown.

• The victorious powers then meant at the palace of Versailles outside of Paris.

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Versailles• The Big Three Powers were England,

France, and the United States. Germany and Russia were not invited.

• Germany was to pay reparations(Money) to pay fro the war damage and accept responsibility for starting the war..

• Wilson believed in Self-Determination, so many different ethnic groups got their own countries. Especially in Eastern Europe where Austria and Russia so their empires turned into many different countries.

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Wilson, Clemenceau, and David Lloyd George

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League of Nations

• To prevent another war the world formed a League of Nations where countries could come together to hammer out problems.

• The United States although an architect of the Treaty of Versailles did not ratify the Treaty from fear it would lead to constant American involvement in European affairs.

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Effects of the War• Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Yugoslavia,

Poland, Hungary,and Finland are a few of the countries created after World War I.

• The Germans were invited only to sign the treaty, and many Germans felt the Treaty was unjust.

• Millions were killed in the fighting and billions of dollars of damage occurred.

• All of Germanys colonies were put under the mandate (control) of Britain and France.

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German Dead

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British Amputees


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Polish Dead


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The Man with no Face


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The End