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DESCRIPTIONΤΟΥΡΙΣΤΙΚΟΣ ΟΔΗΓΟΣ, TOURIST QUIDE | ΝΟΜΑΡΧΙΑΚΗ ΑΥΤΟΔΙΟΙΚΗΣΗ ΧΑΝΙΩΝ
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THE COUNTY OF CHANIA
The county of Chania, the most western part of Crete, is characterized by its unique beauty. With its endless sandy beaches, gorges, caves, endemic plants and animals, vastolive and orange groves and a combination of wild landscapes and sea, it excites even thehardesttoplease visitor. In the mountainous inner region, it hosts villages that have beenforgotten by time, scattered churches and monasteries, towers and castles. The whole areais a particularly interesting archaeological site and a paradise for wandering, mountainclimbing and sports. Excavations, both in the town of Chania and in the countryside, haveproven the existence of residences from prehistoric times to today.The mild Mediterranean climate (with temperatures around 12 oC in winter and 30 oC insummer), special Cretan diet, customs that elsewhere tend to become forgotten and thewholehearted hospitality of the islanders, win over the visitor, to this blessed place.
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The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times until today without intermission.
3000 2800 BC Archaeological artifacts prove the existence of ancient Kydonia2800 1150 BC Minoan civilisation. Ancient Kydonia is one of the most powerful cities in Crete
1st millennium AD Kydonia prevails until the 7th century AD823 961 AD Occupation by the Arabs961 1252 AD Byzantine period
1252 1645 AD Occupation by the Venetians1645 1897 AD Occupation by the Turks
1898 AD Foundation of the Cretan State. Chania is the capital of Crete1913 AD Unification of Crete with Greece
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CULTURAL TOUR OF THE TOWN OF CHANIA
A firsttime visitor to Chania is surprised by the great number of buildings and monuments onwhich can be found traces of its great history and rich civilisation. The old town, on and aroundthe hill of Kasteli, was built upon the ruins of Minoan Kydonia and is surrounded by the Byzantinewall, the Venetian wall and the sea.The Minoan civilisation left behind grand tombs, interesting ceramics and objects. During itsoccupation by the Venetians and the Turks, people of different nationality, culture and religioncoexisted. Christians (Catholic and Orthodox), Jews and Muslims, have left discernible traces andproduced particularly interesting creations.In the neighbourhood of Topanas with its narrow paved streets, the visitor meets Venetianmanors with elaborately decorated facades and Turkish houses with architectural protrusions.
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There we can find Fort Firkas, the Naval Museum and the church of San Salvatore of theFrancheskan Monks (15th 17th cent. AD) which hosts the Byzantine collection of Chania. The collection of piL and many shops offering traditional handicrafts can also be found there.In the old Jewish neighbourhood there is the synagogue and on Halidon street the folkloremuseum (Cretan house) and the church of St. Frangiskos. The church hosts the townsarchaeological museum and houses treasures from the Minoan to the Hellenistic period.Opposite there is the Metropolitan temple of Isodia (representation of the Virgin Mary)with its exquisite hagiographies and close to that are the old Turkish baths. In the area of Sintrivani, around the homonymous square, there is the mosque of KiuchoukHasan (1645) and opposite that the quay with the Venetian lighthouse. A little further away,7 out of the original 17 docks (Neoria) can be found (14th16th cent. AD). Eye-capturing is the Great Arsenal, which today is used as a convention and exhibition centre.
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Along the harbour, small cafeterias and restaurants create an inviting atmosphere.On the hill of Kasteli there are still parts of the old Rectors palace and its court and the engraving on a lintel over a door reminds us of the existence of VenetianArchives. Near there, the excavation of ancient Kydonia and the ruins of the church of St. Maria of Mirakoli (1615) are located.At the stivanadika, which is still characterised by Eastern features, one can buy leathergoods. Next to that is the building of Chrisostomos and the new public Art Gallery. In theold Turkish neighbourhood Splantzia is the square of the former monastery fSt. Nicholas (1204) with a belltower and minaret. The small church of the period ofenlightenments of St. Rokkos (1630) can also be found there. Near that is the church ofSt. Anargyroi (16th cent. AD) with its priceless hagiographies and St. Catherines church. Outside the walls, to the east of the old town, we come across KoumKapi whereduring the last years of the Turkish occupation, Beduins built a village. Today the area is a favourite meeting place for young people.
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In the neighbourhood of Halepa there is the palace of Prince George, the house of Eleftherios Venizelos, the French School(1860), the church of St. Magdalea (1903) and the church of Evangelismou. From later periods the following places are ofinterest: the manor Villa Koundourou, a workshop of fine arts and a youth centre, the municipal park (1870) with its clock,the market (built 1913, crossshaped building with hundreds of small shops), the park of peace and friendship of people, the court house, the prefecture, the Venizelion School of Music, the Historic Archives Museum, the War Museum and theMuseum of Chemistry.In the neighbourhoods outside the walls there are many neoclassical buildings with beautiful gardens which smell of hyacinth,honey suckle and rose trees. At the border of the town with the cape (Akrotiri) are the graves of Eleftherios and SofoclesVenizelos. The town of Chania, the first capital of Crete, kept its historical heritage of so many centuries almost unaffected. Its atmosphere attracted scientists, philosophers, poets and artists of different origins and it became a cultural centre.
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fifi , , . 25. . 28210 90334. : 8.3015.00 (fi .)
fifi , , , fi . . 28210 91875/74484.
: 9.0016.00 (1/431/10), 9.0014.00 (1/1131/3)
fifi , fi, fi . . 28210 91875.
: . .. 10.0015.00 & 19.0022.30 (fi )
pipififi , , . pi. 20, . 28210 52606. : 9.0014.00 (fi . .)
fifi , fi. . 28250 23222. : 9.0020.00, . 9.0019.00, . 10.0013.00
fifi fifi , , . 46. . 28210 90816. : 9.0015.00 & 18.0021.00
, , . . . 28210 96046. : 8.3015.00 (fi .)
fifi , fi, . . 28210 63310. : 8.0020.00
fifi , , . . 28210 63319
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USEUMS AND OTHER SITES
AArrcchhaaeeoollooggiiccaall MMuusseeuumm, Chania, 25 Halidon str. Tel. 28210 90334. Open: 8.3015.00 (except Mondays)
NNaavvaall MMuusseeuumm ooff CCrreettee, Chania, Akti Koundourioti, Venetian Harbour. Tel. 28210 91875/74484.
Open: 9.0016.00 (1/431/10), 9.0014.00 (1/1131/3)
iinnooaann SShhiipp, Moro dock, Venetian Harbour. el. 28210 91875.
Open: ayct. Mon.Fri. 10.0015.00 & 19.0022.30 (except public holidays)
HHiissttoorriiccaall AArrcchhiivveess ooff CCrreettee, Chania, 20 I. Sfakianaki str., Tel. 28210 52606. Open: 9.0014.00 (except Sat. & Sun.)
FFoollkklloorree MMuusseeuumm,, Gavalochori, Apokoronas. Tel. 28250 23222. Open: 9.0020.00, Sat. 9.0019.00, Sun. 10.0013.00
FFoollkklloorree MMuusseeuumm CCrreettaann HHoouussee, Chania, 46b Halidon str. Tel. 28210 90816. Open: 9.0015.00 & 18.0021.00
BByyzzaannttiinnee ccoolllleeccttiioonn, Chania, Theotokopoulou str. Tel. 28210 96046. Open: 8.3015.00 (except Mondays)
EEkkkklleessiiaassttiicc MMuusseeuumm, Monastery of Holy Trinity of Tzagarolon, krotiri. Tel. 28210 63310. Open: 8:0020:00
EEkkkklleessiiaassttiicc MMuusseeuumm, Gouverneto Monastery, krotiri. Tel. 28210 63319
EEkkkklleessiiaassttiicc MMuusseeuumm, Monastery of Chrissopigi, Chania. Tel. 28210 91125
EEkkkklleessiiaassttiicc MMuusseeuumm, Monastery of Gonia, Kissamos. Tel. 28240 22313
WWaarr MMuusseeuumm, Chania, Tzobanaki Cassern. Tel. 28210 44156. Open: 9:0013:00 (except Sat. & Sun.)
CChheemmiissttrryy MMuusseeuumm, Chania, 34c Eleftherios Venizelos str. Tel. 28210 42504. Open: 9:0013:00 (except Sat. &am