ï‚‍ ottomans turks established their capital at istanbul (formerly constantinople) in...

Download ï‚‍ Ottomans Turks established their capital at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) in 1453 ï‚‍ Ruled by the Sultan ï‚‍ Allowed Jews and Christians limited self-government

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  • Ottomans Turks established their capital at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) in 1453 Ruled by the Sultan Allowed Jews and Christians limited self-government
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  • Established a vast empire that included Eastern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East For a time, cut off European trade with Asia and dictated trade in the Mediterranean Sea
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  • Islam spreads to Persia with Safavid Empire Safavids were Shiite Muslims opposed to the Ottomans Shahs used large armies to maintain control of empire
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  • Islam spreads across the Himalayas to northwest India Muslim rulers set up Sultanates
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  • Babur founded the Mughal Empire Akbar the Great conquered Muslim and Hindu states, uniting India under his control Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal Sikh religion emerges in India, combining beliefs from Hinduism and Islam
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  • After 300 plus years of decentralization China will re-merge as a strong centralized state
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  • Reunited China and brought peace and prosperity The Tang brought a Golden Age to China: Conquered Korea and Manchuria Reestablished government exams
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  • Great advances made in architecture, sculpture and painting Under Empress Wu Zetian Built new capital at Changan Traders from all over the Middle Eastern world flock to largest city in the world Tang were known for porcelain works and creation of block printing Tang knew value of trade and reestablished Silk Road Trade.
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  • - Began using paper money - Taxes now could be paid in currency and not grain. - Ended forced labor which allowed farm production to increase. - Used compass to increase long distance trade
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  • The Grand Canal was constructed led to an increase in trade Chinese population saw an increase in wealth
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  • Both post classical dynasties held very patriarchal beliefs Women must obey their fathers Divorce became legal and widows were allowed to claim a portion for their late husbands lands. Biggest charge was to have children (male)and raise family. Foot binding (binding young women's feet at an awkward angle to deform growth) became popular practice during the Song Dynasty. Limited female mobility Considered attractive quality for women Only wealthy women could take part
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  • - Korean merchants introduce Japan to Chinese culture. - Japanese culture was deeply influenced by China - Confucianism= family loyalty - Buddhism= meditation and sacrifice - Daoism= importance of nature - Japans imperial court, style of writing, art and music were also influenced by the Chinese.
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  • - Japans society was closer to that of Feudal Europe than China. - Feudalism began in Japan as a result of nobles being allowed to pay less taxes and build up private armies. - Feudal Japan Hierarchy - Emperor held highest position in society but was merely a figurehead - Shogun at the top as supreme ruler - Daimyo (nobles) given land by the Shogun for loyalty - Samurai (knights) recruited by daimyo and offered social status and economic support for loyalty - Followed the Bushido (Code of Honor) - Artists peasants and merchants made up the remainder of society
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  • Similarities Differences
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  • - The Steppes of Central Asia saw the rise of Nomadic tribes who excelled at horsemanship and fighting skills
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  • The Mongols, led by Genghis (Chinggis) Khan, conquered Central Asia, China, Russia With 100-125 thousand horsemen armed with bamboo bows cities fell to the invaders. Their tactics of killing all the citizens of one city and sparing those in another created a psychological edge for the Mongols.
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  • During 1200, the Mongols of Central Asia established the worlds largest empire
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  • - Genghis Khan united the Mongols and attacked China, promoted trade within the empire Pax Mongolia
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  • Kublai Khan established the Yuan Dynasty in China. Kublai Khan adopted Chinese ways Kublai Khan brought in administrators from Persia to help govern the dynasty because he felt they could be trusted. Marco Polo visited and was impressed by the technological and financial superiority of the Chinese. His tales will help launch the age of exploration in Europe.
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  • Ming Dynasty overthrew the Mongols in China and established 300 years of peace Saw expansion to Korea, Burma and Vietnam Built the Forbidden City in Beijing
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  • Society consisted of two main classes Peasants (worked land Scholar-Gentry (owned land, respected learning) In the 1400s the Ming sponsored voyages of exploration under the command of Zheng He. Ming traded silk and porcelain with Europe for silver and other goods
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  • TangSongYuanMing
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  • First using the map on pg RA 18 & 19 sketch the continent of Asia making sure to enlarge the nations of China, Japan, Korea Using the map on pg 248 draw & label the cities of Beijing, Hangzhou & Changan, the Pacific Ocean, Huang He and Chang Jiang river 2nd using the map on pg 248 outline each of the Chinese Dynasties SuiGreen Tang---Yellow SongRed 3 rd using blue draw the Grand Canal 4 th using brown draw the silk road Finally, inside the outline of each dyansty draw a small symbol that illustrates an important aspect of each dynasty --then draw that same symbol on the back of your paper and in two sentences explain the important political, social, and economic contributions of each dynasty (2 sentence summary with 5 ws)
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  • 1 st using black draw an arrow from China to Korea and along the arrow draw a small symbol of one item that went from China to Korea, then explain using a 2 sentence summary on the back 2 nd Using the map on pg 264 label the cities of Osaka and Kyoto 3 rd draw a black arrow from Korea to Japan and along the arrow draw a small symbol of one item that went from Korea to Japan, then explain using a 2 sentence summary on the back 4 th on Japan draw a symbol to represent the Japanese feudal system, then explain using a 2 sentence summary on the back
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  • Using the map on pg 255 use the following colors to outline the Mongol Empire PurpleKhanate of the Golden Horde --draw a symbol and explain on the back Mongol influence in Russia GreenKhanate of the Great Khan --draw a symbol and explain the importance of Kublai Khan and the Yuan dyansty PinkKhanate of Chagatai OrangeKhanate of Persia ----draw a symbol in each and explain how Ghenghis Khan united the Mongols
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  • Using the map on pg 487 and the color orange draw arrows from the location of the Ming dynasty into the countries of Burma, Thailand, and Vietnam to show Ming expansion Using red & the map on pg 486 map the journey of Zheng He


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