1 tuesday 10/18/2011 rap  why was charlemagne a great ruler? today—feudalism ppt

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  • Slide 1
  • 1 Tuesday 10/18/2011 RAP Why was Charlemagne a great ruler? TodayFeudalism PPT
  • Slide 2
  • 2 Feudal Society Political Structure Chapter 3.3
  • Slide 3
  • 3 OBJECTIVES Our lesson today is on the political structure of the feudal system and the importance of the relationship between lords and vassals during the Middle Ages
  • Slide 4
  • 4 Topics of Discussion Why was feudalism necessary? Relationship Between Lords and Vassals What is a Knight? Workers on the Manor The Feudal Contract Constructing the Feudal Pyramid of Power
  • Slide 5
  • 5 WHY WAS FEUDALISM NECESSARY?
  • Slide 6
  • 6 Necessary because Europe did NOT have a strong central government after the Roman Empire collapsed. Cities were much smallera place of protection. Some small landowners were willing to give up their land for protection.
  • Slide 7
  • 7 Relationship Between Lords and Vassals The relationship between lords and vassals made up a big part of the political and social structure of the feudal system Vassals had certain duties to perform for the lord All nobles were ultimately vassals of the king.
  • Slide 8
  • 8 What is a Knight?
  • Slide 9
  • 9 Almost all nobles were knights Training began at age 7, as a page, under the guidance of the lady of the manor Became squires at age 15 and were trained by other knights Those deemed worthy were dubbed knights Code of Chivalry be brave, fight fairly, keep promises, defend Christianity, and treat women of noble birth in a courteous manner.
  • Slide 10
  • 10 Workers on the Manor There were two groups of peasant workers on the manor Freemen- skilled workers who paid rent and could leave the manor whenever they wished. (They usually had a skill needed by others on the manor.) Serfs workers bound to the land by contract with the nobles. (They had no freedom - they where the nobles property.)
  • Slide 11
  • 11 Serfs and Village Life Please write down interesting facts about serfs and village life.
  • Slide 12
  • 12 Feudal Contract LORDS VASSALS GIVE PROTECTION TO GIVE SERVICE TO
  • Slide 13
  • 13 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OR POWER
  • Slide 14
  • 14 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER SERFS AND FREEMEN
  • Slide 15
  • 15 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION SERFS AND FREEMEN
  • Slide 16
  • 16 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION POWERFUL NOBLES SERFS AND FREEMEN LAND AND PROTECTION LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE
  • Slide 17
  • 17 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION POWERFUL NOBLES KING SERFS AND FREEMEN LAND AND PROTECTION LAND LOYALTY AND SERVICE LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE
  • Slide 18
  • 18 REVIEW 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the ________ 2) _______ were really the most powerful. They got _______ from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land 4) _______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________. 5) __________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to. Lets see how much you remember!
  • Slide 19
  • 19 Check Your Answers 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the king. 2) Nobles were really the most powerful. They got land from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave military service in return for land. 4) Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection. 5) Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
  • Slide 20
  • 20 THE END HISTORY NOTES
  • Slide 21
  • 21 Feudal Society in Japan Ch. 3.4 Page 129
  • Slide 22
  • 22 Rise of Feudalism Invasions in Japan around AD1100-1300 led to the development of the feudal society. Individual warring states in Japan around AD 1336, left the shogun and emperor as mere figureheads. Feudalism strong between 1100s 1800s
  • Slide 23
  • 23 Feudalism Samurai-powerful landowner- warriors in the countryside. Daimyo-the most powerful samurai Pledged loyalty and service to Daimyo Poor rice farmers paid high taxes for the right to farm a daimyos lands Daimyo protected farmers
  • Slide 24
  • 24 Samurai Fought on horseback with bows, arrows, and steel swords. Dressed in loose fitting armor. Followed a strict code of honor called Bushido, meaning the way of the warrior. Bushido stressed bravery, self-discipline, and loyalty. It demanded that the samurai endure suffering and defend his honor at all costs. He was expected to commit suicide. Women were expected to be strong like the men.
  • Slide 25
  • 25 Comparison of Feudalism in Europe and Japan EuropeJapan Nobilityking, lord, lesser lordemperor, shogun, daimyo Warriorsknightssamurai Code of conduct chivalrybushido Evolution Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability everyone had well-defined social roles helped preserve law and order
  • Slide 26
  • 26 Comparing Feudalisms In a paragraph compare feudalism in Europe with feudalism in Japan. Please turn it in.

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