2013 training requirements for the revised osha hazard communication standard
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DESCRIPTION2013 Training Requirements for the Revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. Introduction. OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
2013 Training Requirements for the Revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
IntroductionOSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).
Two changes require the use of new labeling elements and a standardized format for Safety Data Sheets (SDS), formerly known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
OSHA is phasing in the specific requirements over several years, December 1, 2013 through June 1, 2016.
Introduction, cont.The first compliance date is December 1, 2013.
By that date, employees must be trained on the new label elements and the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format.
This training is needed early in the transition process since employees will begin to see the new labels and SDSs on the chemicals in their workplace.
To ensure employees have the information they need to better protect themselves from chemical hazards in the workplace during the transition period, it is critical that employees understand the new label and SDS formats.
Purpose of OSHAs Hazard Communication StandardHazard CommunicationProgramContainer LabelingSafetyData SheetSDSProgramLabelTo ensure that employers and employees know about chemical hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced.
Employer ResponsibilitiesIdentify and list hazardous chemicalsObtain Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)Label hazardous chemicalsImplement a written Hazard Communication Program, including labels, SDSs, and employee trainingTrain employees
The Written ProgramHazardous Chemical ListSDSLabelsNon-Routine ProceduresTraining
How must chemicals be labeled?Product identifierSignal wordHazard statement(s)Pictogram(s)Precautionary statement(s)Name, address and telephone number of the manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party
Each container of hazardous chemicals entering the workplace must be labeled or marked with:
Label ElementsProduct identifierChemical name, code number, or batch numberSignal wordDanger or WarningPictogram(s)Black hazard symbol with red frame.
Hazard statement(s)Describe the nature of the hazard(s) of the chemical, including where appropriate, the degree of hazard.Precautionary statement(s)A phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure.Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importerLabel Elements, cont.
Use of Labels in the WorkplaceInformation on the Labels can be used to ensure proper storage of hazardous chemicals
Information on Labels can be used to quickly locate information on first-aid when needed by employees or emergency personnel
How Information on Labels Work TogetherWhen a chemical has multiple hazards, all applicable Pictograms are used to identify the various hazards.
But, when there are similar precautionary statements, only the one providing the most protective information will be the one included on the label.
Health Hazard Flame Exclamation Mark
Carcinogen FlammablesIrritant (skin & eye) Reproductive Toxicity Self-Reactives Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Sensitizer Emits Flammable Gas Acute Toxicity Target Organ Toxicity Pyrophorics Narcotic Effects Aspiration Toxicity Self-Heating Respiratory Tract Irritant Mutagenicity Organic Peroxides
Gas Cylinder Corrosion Exploding Bomb
Gases Under Pressure Skin Corrosion/Burns Explosives Eye Damage Self-Reactives Corrosive to Metals Organic Peroxides
Flame Over CircleSkull and Crossbones
Oxidizers Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)Pictograms
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Physical hazards, such as fire and explosionHealth hazards, such as signs of exposureRoutes of exposurePrecautions for safe handling and useEmergency and first-aid proceduresControl measuresMust be readily accessible to employees in their work areaPrepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer and describe:
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Format: 16 Sections
IdentificationHazard(s) identificationComposition/information on ingredientsFirst-aid measuresFire-fighting measuresAccidental release measuresHandling and storageExposure control/personal protection
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Format: 16 Sections (cont.)
Physical and chemical propertiesStability and reactivityToxicological informationEcological informationDisposal informationTransport informationRegulatory informationOther information
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) sampleSDS are useful for:
Learning potential hazardsDetermining safe handling proceduresEmergency response
Example: send a copy along with an employee going to the Doctor after an incident.)
Training At the time of initial assignmentWhenever a new hazard is introduced into their work areaTraining is required for employees who are exposed to hazardous chemicals in their work area:
What training is needed to protect workers?Explanation of the Hazard Communication program, including information on labels, SDSs, and how to obtain and use available hazard informationHazards of chemicalsProtective measures such as engineering controls, work practices, and the use of PPEHow to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical (using monitoring devices, observation, or smell)
What information must be provided to workers?The Hazard Communication standard and its requirementsOperations in their work areas where hazardous chemicals are presentLocation and availability of the written hazard communication program, list of hazardous chemicals, and the required SDSsEmployees must be informed of:
SummaryOSHAs Hazard Communication Standard is based on a simple concept - that employees have both a need and a right-to-know about the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when at work.
Employees also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects.
2013 Training Requirements for the Revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
*This presentation (Employers Hazcom Training Requirements) summarizes the 2013 training requirements for OSHAs revised Hazard Communication Standard. It is intended to provide employers and trainers with background on the new requirements. A supplemental presentation (Workers Hazcom Training) is available for use as a suggested training program for workers.
Since workers are the target audience, these presentations emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, and control not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience.
This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.
*This is one of the most frequently cited OSHA standards.
This program is intended for workplaces that do not manufacture, import, or distribute hazardous chemicals. Notes have been provided that highlight some of the requirements for these employers. For complete requirements, consult 29 CFR 1910.1200.*29 CFR 1910.1200
The Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard establishes uniform requirements to make sure that the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in U.S. workplaces are evaluated, and that this hazard information is transmitted to affected employers and exposed employees.
The HazCom standard is different from other OSHA health rules because it covers all hazardous chemicals. The rule also incorporates a downstream flow of information, which means that producers of chemicals have the primary responsibility for generating and disseminating information, whereas users of chemicals must obtain the information and transmit it to their employees.**1910.1200(f)
Chemical manufacturers and importers must convey the hazard information to downstream employers by means of labels on containers and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs). Language used on the warning label does not have to be identical to that on the MSDS.
Chemical manufacturers, importers, and distributors must be sure that containers of hazardous chemicals leaving the workplace are labeled, tagged, or marked with:- the identity of the chemical,- appropriate hazard warnings, and- the name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party
Consumer products having labels meeting requirements of the Consumer Product Safety Act do not have to have additional labeling under the HazCom Standard.
Various other chemical products (for example, pesticides, foods, drugs, cosmetics, beverage alcohols) that are subject to labeling laws administered by other Federal agencies are also exempt from the labeling requirements of the HazCom Standard.It is important to note that the OSHA pictograms do not replace the diamond-shaped labels required by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requires for the transport of chemicals, including chemical drums, chemical totes, tanks or other containers. Those labels must be on the external part of a shipped container and must meet the DOT requirements set forth in 49 CFR 172, Subpart E. **1910.1200(g)