art history review: etruscan, greek, roman

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Art History (ARTH111) review: Covers Etruscan, Greek, Roman, and the very beginning of Early Christian

TRANSCRIPT

5/1/12

Art History ReviewGreek-Etruscan-Roman Click to edit Master subtitle styleBy Danielle Hernandez

5/1/12

Must Knows for Greek/Etruscan/Roman

Maps of areas studied paintings from Pompeii and Herculaneum and views of homes of Cicero mosaic, Pompeii head of Constantine Tetrarchs of Prima Porta of young Flavian lady with two acestor busts

Typical Villa

Monumental The

Augustus Portrait

Patrician

5/1/12

Must Knows for Greek/Etruscan/Roman Ara

Pacis inside, outside, plan, etc. city of Rome of Portunus

Pantheon, Temple

Colosseum, Two

views of interior of tombs from Tarquinia, showing paintings of Tomb of Shields and Chairs from Cerveteri

Interior

Sarcophagus Apollo

of Veii

5/1/12

Must Knows for Greek/Etruscan/Roman Laoconand Boy

His Sons

Wrestling with the Goose of Alexander from Pergamon of Knidos inside, outside, plan, etc.(not Pantheon!)

Head The

Scraper

Aphrodite

Parthenon, Spear

Bearer from Riace

Warrior Zeus

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Etruria and the Etruscan Dominatio n

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Etruria and the Etruscan Dominatio n

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Roman Empire

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Click icon to add picture

Zeus WHO:

--Bronze

WHAT:

WHERE:

Found in the sea off Cape Artemision (now in Athens)

WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

c. 450 BC

Lost-wax process 610

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Warrior from Riace WHO:

---

WHAT:

Bronze w/ bone, glass paste, and copper inlay Reggio Calabria, Italy c. 450 BC --6 6 4/5

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

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Click icon to add picture

Spear Bearer WHO:

Polykleitos

WHAT:

Marble copy of bronze Naples c. 440 BC

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

--611

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The Parthenon WHO:

Iktinos and Kallikrates Pentelic Athens marble

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN: HOW:

447-438 BC

Thin, curved, Doric columns, decorative frieze, trigliphs match the fluting, etc. Know your column!

SIZE:

111 x 237

The Parthenon

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The Parthenon

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Click icon to add picture

Aphrodite of Knidos WHO:

Praxiteles Marble RomeBC

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

c. 350

--68

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Click icon to add picture

Head of Alexander WHO:

--Marble

WHAT:

WHERE:

Pergamon (now in Istanbul) c. 200 BC --14

WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Click icon to add picture

Boy 5/1/12 Wrestling with a WHO: --Goose WHAT:

Marble copy of Hellenistic original Paris Now in

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

c. 150 BC

--29

Click icon to add picture

nt a y was inal. o This b the orig of ded it part ans ad m The Ro

Laocon and his Sons WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

Marble Rome

WHERE:

(Roman copy of Hellenistic statue)

WHEN:

1stAD

century HOW: SIZE:

--7

Click icon to add picture

5/1/12 Reconstruct ion of the Temple at WHO: Veii Vitruvius

WHAT:

Waddle and daub; gabled porches but not pediments; stone podium; wooden roof; terra-cotta decorative sculpture

WHERE:

Etruria 490BC

Veii,

WHEN: HOW:

515-

Waddle and daub construction (waddle=branches / daub=clay & mud)

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Wounded Chimera WHO:

--Bronze Arezzo

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN:

2nd quarter of the 4th century BC --31.5

HOW: SIZE:

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Click icon to add picture

Apollo of Veii WHO:

---

WHAT:

Painted terra-cotta Veii c. 515 BC

WHERE: WHEN: HOW:

Terra-cotta was an Etruscan favorite. It is modeled while still wet and details are added later with hand-tools

SIZE:

510

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The Scraper WHO:

Apoxyomenos Marble copy of a Bronze original Rome(Roman copy of Greek)

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

c. 320 BC

--69

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Charioteer WHO:

--Bronze Delphi c. 474 BC

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Lost-wax process ---

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Interior of Tombs from Tarquinia WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

----c. 400-

WHERE: WHEN:

600 BC HOW:Tufa is a stone made from volcanic ash. It is pliable but turns very hard in air. (not like play dough)

SIZE:

---

Click icon to add picture

Tomb of the Shields and Chairs WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

Tufa

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Cerveteri c. 550BC

--29 x 11.5

Click icon to add picture

Sarcophagu s from Cerveteri WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

painted terra-cotta Cerveteri

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

C. 520

BC

--6 7

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Colosseum WHO:

---

WHAT:

Concrete; travertine; tufa; brick; marble

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

RomeAD

72-80

Arches create the circular shape

615 x 510

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Temple of Portunus WHO:

--Stone Rome late 2ndBC

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN:

century HOW:

High pedestal and front porch like Etruscan, smaller canopy and taller like Greek, also engaged columns

SIZE:

---

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Click icon to add picture

The Pantheon WHO:

---

WHAT:

Concrete (poured); marble; brick

WHERE: WHEN:AD

Rome

117-125

HOW:

Dome is poured cement (seamless) with coffers and one hole in the center. Entrance gets narrower before you enter the rotunda to give an illusion that it is bigger than it really is.

SIZE:

---

The Pantheon

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The Pantheon/ sta iche w N tue

5/1/12VaultEmp ty

e Pi r

Rotunda

The Pantheon

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Click icon to add picture

Ara Pacis WHO:

--Marble Rome 13-9 BC

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

--34 5 x 38

Marble relief South side: 53

Traceries a decorative interlaced design (here it is of elegant vinescrolls)

x 23

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Trajans Column WHO:

--Marble Rome

WHAT:

relief

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

113 AD

--138 (Each band of

the frieze is 36 high)

5/1/12

Click icon to add picture

Trajans Column WHO:

--Marble Rome

WHAT:

relief

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

113 AD

--138 (Each band of

the frieze is 36 high)

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Click icon to add picture

Arch of Titus WHO:

---

WHAT:

Concrete w/ marble veneer

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Rome

81 AD

--50 h; 40 w

5/1/12

Arch of Titus (Relief 1)

Spoils from the temple of Jerusalem WHAT: Marble WHERE: Rome SIZE: 6 7

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Arch of Titus (Relief 2)

Triumph of Titus WHAT: Marble WHERE: Rome SIZE: 6 7

Click icon to add picture

5/1/12 Patrician with two ancestor WHO: busts ---

WHAT:

Marble Rome Late 1stBC

WHERE: WHEN:

century HOW: SIZE:

--55

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Portrait of a young Flavian lady WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

Marble Rome c. 90 AD

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

--21

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Augustus of Prima Porta WHO:

--Marble Rome early 1stAD

WHAT:

WHERE: WHEN:

centuryThe cupid riding the dolphin reminds Augustus that he is a descendant of Venus and is thus divine.

HOW: SIZE:

--68

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The Tetrarchs WHO:

--Porphyry

WHAT:

WHERE:

Constantinople (now in Venice) 300 AD --51(43)

WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Click icon to add picture

Monumenta l head of Constantine WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

---

WHERE:

Basilica of Constantine, Rome 313 AD --86

WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Click icon to add picture

Mosaic from the Villa of Cicero WHO: -- WHAT:

5/1/12

Mosaic Pompeii

WHERE: WHEN: HOW: SIZE:

Period of the Republic --17 x 14

Click icon to add picture

Paintings 5/1/12 from Pompeii and WHO: Many Herculaneu skilled artisans WHAT: mMostly wet frescoes; some mosaics

WHERE:

Italy

Pompeii,

WHEN:

century

1stAD

HOW:

Paintings were not too detailed. Meant for decoration. Not meant to be permanent. Often light and congenial scenes. Also still-

Click icon to add picture

Paintings 5/1/12 from Pompeii and WHO: Many Herculaneu skilled artisans WHAT: mMostly wet frescoes; some mosaics (for the wealthy)

WHERE:

Pompeii,

Italy WHEN:

1stAD

century HOW:

Paintings were not too detailed. Meant for decoration. Not meant to be permanent. Often light and

Click icon to add picture

View of Homes in Pompeii WHO

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