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  • 1. Automated Systems Mr Arthur

2. Aims of Lesson 1

  • What is an Automated System
  • Advantages of Automated Systems over Manual Systems
  • Examine different types of Automated Systems

3. Automated Systems

  • An Automated System is where you provide the input, the machine or computer carries out the process and provides you with the output
  • Everyday Life?
    • Washing Machine
    • Video Recorder
    • Dishwasher
    • Microwave

4. Automated Systems in Industry

  • Car Manufacture
  • Coke Production
  • Automated Milk System
  • Aircraft Manufacture
  • Spray Tanning

5. Advantages of using Automated Systems

  • They can carry out tasks much faster
  • They do repetitive tasks
  • Used in hazardous environments
  • Work without a break
  • Possibly more accurate
  • Adaptable and able to carry out other tasks

6. Task for Today

  • I want you to carry out research on the internet to find 3 different Automated Systems used in Industry.
  • Use a Word Processor to outline the different systems telling me exactly what the Automated System is used for
  • Include the advantages of these system over a manual system
  • Research what sensors and feedback are?

7. Aims of Lesson 2

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Automated System?
  • Examples of Auto Systems in everyday life and in industry?
  • Advantages of using Auto Systems over manual labour?
  • Todays Lesson
  • Introduce Static robots and different parts of their anatomy
  • Discuss the different tools that can be fitted to them
  • Discuss sensors and feedback

8. Robot Anatomy WAIST WRIST ELBOW G R I P P E R SHOULDER

  • End Effector
  • Examples:
  • suction cup
  • Paint spray
  • welding electrode

9. Tools (End Effectors)

  • Nail Gun
  • Gripper
  • Suction cup
  • Spray Paint
  • Welding tool

10. Sensors and Feedback

  • A sensor is a device which detects a physical quantity
    • Light sensor
    • Heat sensor
    • Bump sensor
    • Movement sensor
    • Sound sensor
  • The signals which a sensor sends back to the computer is called feedback

11. Aims of Lesson 3

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Auto System?
  • Examples in Everyday Life/Industry
  • Advantages over manual labour
  • Parts of robot arm
  • Tools that can be connected
  • Sensors/Feedback
  • Todays Lesson
  • To discuss the Social, Technical and Economic Implications of Auto Systems
  • To discuss AGVs and Guidance Systems

12. Social Implications

  • Jobs losses
  • Reduces morale having robots
  • Need to retrain for other jobs
  • Work 24/7
  • Less injuries for workers
  • Improved working conditions
  • More social time

13. Technical Implications

  • Program machine to move slowly
  • Fit sensors and provide feedback
  • Cover moving parts
  • Cover the battery and processor
  • Safety guidelines in place

14. Economic Implications

  • High running costs
  • Higher initial cost
  • Cheaper in the long run
  • Larger output = more money
  • Repair costs
  • More accuracy = less waste
  • Expensive to replace
  • Less employee wages = larger profits
  • Redundancy costs

15. Aims of Lesson 3

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Auto System?
  • Examples in Everyday Life/Industry
  • Advantages over manual labour
  • Parts of robot arm
  • Tools that can be connected
  • Sensors/Feedback
  • Social, Technical and Economic Implications of Auto Systems
  • Todays Lesson
  • To discuss AGVs and Guidance Systems
  • To discuss ROVs

16. Autonomous Guided Vehicles

  • An Autonomous Guided Vehicle is a vehicle that isprogrammedby a computer system to move about afactoryfloor deliveringpartsto work stations or removing waste.
  • AGVs are controlled in 2 different ways
    • ALightGuidance System is used where the AGV follows apaintedline along the factory floor
    • AMagneticGuidance System is where the AGV follow the magnetic pulses from awireunder the factor floor

17. Remotely Operated Vehicles

  • Remotely Operated Vehicles are used inhazardousenvironments where it is notsafefor humans to go. They can be used forbombdisposal, underwaterandspaceexploration.
  • The vehicle is equipped with atelevisioncamera, which relays a picture to the operator controlling it at asafedistance.

18. Aims of Lesson 4

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Auto System?
  • Examples in Everyday Life/Industry
  • Advantages over manual labour
  • Parts of robot arm
  • Tools that can be connected
  • Sensors/Feedback
  • Social, Technical and Economic Implications of Auto Systems
  • To discuss AGVs and Guidance Systems
  • To discuss ROVs
  • Todays Lesson
  • Programming Robots

19. Programming Robots and AGVs

  • Robots are normally controlled by a computerprogram , which is made up ofinstructionswritten in ahighlevel language
  • The robot may also be trained using the lead through method
  • Programs are stored on ROM chips. These are a moreexpensiveway of storing programs but they retain their information if thepoweris switched off and load up muchfaster

20. Powering Robots and AGVs

  • Robots and AGVs are normally powered bymotoror may sometimes be powered by abattery

21. Class Presentation in Pairs

  • Slide 1= What is an Auto System/Examples in Industry/Everyday life
  • Slide 2= Advantages of Auto Systems
  • Slide 3= Stationary Robots/Parts of Robot arm/Tools
  • Slide 4= Sensors and Feedback
  • Slide 5= Social/Economic/Technical Implications
  • Slide 6= AGVs/Remotely Operated Vehicles
  • Slide 7= Powering Robots
  • Slide 8= Programming Robots

22. Aims of Lesson 5

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Auto System?
  • Examples in Everyday Life/Industry
  • Advantages over manual labour
  • Parts of robot arm
  • Tools that can be connected
  • Sensors/Feedback
  • Social, Technical and Economic Implications of Auto Systems
  • To discuss AGVs and Guidance Systems
  • To discuss ROVs
  • Programming Robots
  • Todays Lesson
  • Computer Aided Design
  • Todays Task
  • Continue your presentation in pairs

23. Computer Aided Design 24. Computer Aided Design

  • Computer Aided Design is a way of using a computer system todesignthe structure orappearanceof an item on a screen.
  • They are often used for the design of the following items
    • Car Design
    • Kitchen Design
    • Housing
    • Cartoon Animation
  • CAD requires different types of input devices, with most drawings often created using aGraphicsTablet.
  • The drawings are sometimes too big to send to aprinterand aplotteris often used to get a hard copy

25. Aims of Lesson 5

  • Last Lesson
  • What is an Auto System?
  • Examples in Everyday Life/Industry
  • Advantages over manual labour
  • Parts of robot arm
  • Tools that can be connected
  • Sensors/Feedback
  • Social, Technical and Economic Implications of Auto Systems
  • To discuss AGVs and Guidance Systems
  • To discuss ROVs
  • Programming Robots
  • Computer Aided Design
  • Todays Lesson
  • Simulation
  • Todays Task
  • Read over Auto Systems chapter
  • Complete questions o

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