bus rapid transit (brt) – the basics

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Bus rapid transit (BRT) the basics. Presentation originally by Dennis Hinebaugh, Director National Bus Rapid Transit Institute (NBRTI), University of South Florida http://www.nbrti.org Presented today by Tom Rye, Edinburgh Napier University. Whats wrong with normal buses?. Slow - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Bus rapid transit (BRT) the basicsPresentation originally byDennis Hinebaugh, DirectorNational Bus Rapid Transit Institute (NBRTI), University of South Floridahttp://www.nbrti.org

    Presented today by Tom Rye, Edinburgh Napier University

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Whats wrong with normal buses?SlowUnreliableNot always frequentTake the long way aroundUncomfortableUntrendy, not technologically appealingMake you feel like a loser if you take one?BRT tries to solve these problems

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Well!Badly!How we treat BRT customers!How we treat local bus customers!

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • BRT Systems

    United States:

    Alameda, CA Albany, NY Boston, MA Charlotte, NC Cleveland, OH Chicago, IL Dulles Corridor, VA Eugene, OR Hartford, CT

    World: Curitiba, Brazil Brisbane, Australia Adelaide, Australia Ottawa, Canada Leeds, England Amsterdam Utrecht Kent, EnglandIpswich, England Rouen, FranceJonkoping, Sweden

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Its no single trait, but the combination of traits that make BRT systems successful![]

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • *Speed of BRTs in km/h

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • InfrastructureNeeds to give priority to busDoes not all have to be the same one BRT can combine different types of priorityKey: ensure speed and reliability bus protected from other traffic

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Arterial Bus Lanes

    Boston: Silver Line LondonQuality Bus Corridor

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Arterial Median TransitwayVancouver: 98B

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • E-5 CEVZLBA MEVK ESK HALE-5 CEVZLBA MEVK YEN HALThe Balkan BRT before and after

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Running Ways

    Arterial Median Busway Rouen, France: TEOR

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • LEEDS/BRADFORD Guided Busways

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Elevated SectionsRuncorn, UK

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Running Way Color, MarkingsParisSao PauloAuckland

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Route Structures More direct than local service Off-line stations Anchored by major activity centers Major corridors Feeder routes Can operate in low-density residential FlexibleHigh frequency, turn up and go Effect on Land use No map

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Adelaide, Australia

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Stations: Potential Characteristics Differentiated from regular bus stops Enhanced shelters and/or station design Designated passenger platform, possibly raised Enclosed Can be multi-modal Other facilities (taxi stands, parking, etc.) Customer information (real-time) Joint-development/multi-use Facilitates quick boarding and exit Docking Disabled accessible

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Vehicles Unique/distinct aesthetic design/look Environmentally friendly Variable propulsion systems High capacity (articulated, bi-articulated) Wide aisles, increased passenger comfort Low-floor Large window design Increased amenities (laptop connections) Multiple double-wide doors Dual-sided entry/exit LRT like

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Range of BRT Vehicle Options:Conventional Buses Van Hool 300AGZuidtangent Amsterdam;York Rapid Transit Toronto

    New Flyer 60LFVancouver 98, 99BOttawa Transitways

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Specialized BRT Vehicles Irisbus CivisLas Vegas MAXATS PhileusEindhoven, Netherlands

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Well- Lit, Open, Quiet Interior

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Los Angeles, CASignal Preemption and low floor vehicles aided in a: 28 to 33% decrease in travel time 30% increase in ridership, 14% net new No appreciable impact on crossstreet traffic

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Faster Fare Collection Fast, efficient so as to speed boarding Simple to understand Minimal on-vehicle transactions Cashless smart cards (multi-use) pre-purchased tickets passes Proof of payment enter station

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • OffBoard Fare Collection Options

    Proof-of Payment: TVM York, On. Rapid Transit Smart Card Fare GatesTransMillenio, Bogota

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Cost Effective Vehicles can be off-the-shelf No track or overhead wires Travel Ways construction and maintenance incrementally built (phases, flexible) existing roadway network (mixed traffic) Uses existing vehicle storage facilities Uses existing and simple signal systems Workforce composition using existing vs. acquiring new staff wage differential for BRT vs. LRT

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Rapid Transit Mode ComparisonsSource: SpeedLink- A Rapid Transit Option for Greater Detroit. June 2001.

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

    Sheet1

    StatisticRapid Transit Mode

    BRTLRT

    ROW OptionsExclusive or Mixed TrafficExclusive or Mixed Traffic

    Station Spacing1/4 to 1 Mile1/4 to 1 Mile

    Vehicle Seated Capacity40 to 85 Passengers65 to 85 Passengers

    Average Speed15-30 mph15-30 mph

    P/H/D (exclusive ROW)Up to 30,000Up to 30,000

    P/H/D (arterial)Up to 10,000Up to 10,000

    Capital ROW Cost/Mile$0.2M to $25M/Mile$20M to $55M/Mile

    Capital Cost/Vehicle$0.45M to $1.5M$1.5M to $3.5M

    O&M/SH$65 to $100$150 to $200

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Another take on costs

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • Impacts on ridership, car useSurvey of 14 BRT systems around worldTypically 15-35% increase in system ridership10-25% of these people transferred from carIstanbul system carries 500,000 people/day of whom about 10% came from car. 400% increase in total PT ridersSee http://www.nbrti.org/docs/pdf/Low%20Res%20CBRT%202009%20Update.pdf

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

  • BRT quick to implement politically attractiveDoes not always have to be heavily engineered can combine a range of infrastructureCan be implemented incrementallyUltimately its about reliability, directness, convenience, premium service, good imageLow cost, high capacity alternative to railKeep It Simple StupidConclusions

    Status presentation [city], ELAN telephone conference, [date]

    **In Rouen, dedicated median arterial BRT running ways are red (as in Paris), slightly elevated over parallel pavement and delineated by Belgian paving blocks. Issues with this type of arrangement include: accommodating left turns, local curb access, and ADA.

    Running way materials and color provides information to potential users on: location of routes and stations,enhance neighborhood aestheticscontributes to overall sense of quality and permanence. Use of materials and color also makes enforcement, keeping unauthorized vehicles out of the dedicated transitway much easier.

    Other pavement colors are used elsewhere for dedicated transitways with success. In Japan (Nagoya and Sao Paulo, yellow is used. New Zealand and Ireland, green is the favored color.

    We have a couple of computer simulations that show a before and after view of BRT. This slide shows East 11th at Hilyard as it is currently.This slide shows a new BRT station at the location, along with bus lanes and guideways leading to the station/

    Traffic flow at the intersection would not be adversely affected.

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