Copyright 2.0: Issues for Digital Natives

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Presentation given to Southern California Theological Librarians Association, October 10, 2008

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1.
    • Copyright 2.0:
  • Issues for Digital Natives
  • John McDonald
  • Claremont Colleges
  • SCATLA Meeting
  • October 10, 2008

2. Defining Copyright 2.0 Content 1.0:printed, physical, libraryUsage 1.0:browse, read, use, storeContent 2.0:print, audio, visual ; analog or digital Usage 2.0:search, repurpose, store, manipulate, manage 3. Defining Digital Natives

  • I've coined the term digital native to refer to today's students (2001). They are native speakers of technology, fluent in the digital language of computers, video games, and the Internet.
  • Marc Prensky (2005/06). Listen to the Natives. Educational Leadership, v.63:4, p.8-13.http://www.ascd.org/authors/ed_lead/el200512_prensky.html

4. Who are Digital Natives?

  • IBM has never made typewriters.
  • Caller ID has always been available on phones.
  • Windows made IBM PCs user-friendly the year they were born.
  • High definition television has always been available.
  • GPS systems have always been available.
  • Whats a fax?
  • "Google" has always been a verb.
  • Text messaging is their email.
  • Computers have always suffered from viruses.
  • They have done most of their search for the right college online.
  • Cher hasn't aged a day.
  • Beloit College Mindset Listhttp://www.beloit.edu/mindset/2012.php

5.

  • Everyone has the ability to be publishers, movie makers, artists, song creators, and story tellers
    • 33% of teens share their own creations online, such as artwork, photos, stories, or videos
    • 32% have created or worked on webpages or blogs for others, including those for groups they belong to, friends or school assignments
    • 22% report keeping their own personal webpage
    • 19% have created their own online journal or blog
    • 19% say they remix content they find online into their own artistic creations

Usage 2.0 + Content 2.0 6.

  • Mashup Example
    • NPRs Day to Day program interviewed a musician this morning about creating content.
    • Mash-up artistGirl Talkhas over 300 samples on his new album,Feed the Animals .
    • Its sole creator, Greg Gillis, says that he only has 100 MP3s on his laptop.
    • Gillis never pays for the use of his samples.
    • He doesn't ask permission.
    • He says he's covered by fair use laws.
    • Is he risking legal trouble with the labels and bands that he samples?
    • LISTEN: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=95596414

Usage 2.0 + Content 2.0 7. Copyright Issues for Users

  • Print extension
  • Findability
  • Accessibility blur
    • tragedy of the commons
  • Manipulation
    • creative commons
    • Open source / open access
    • Mash-ups
  • Usage
    • Restrictions on usage Prohibited users
    • Prohibited use

8. Copyright Issues for Libraries

  • Course Reserves
  • Media encoding
  • Digital Fair Use
  • Passworded systems
  • Orphan works
  • Orphan technologies
  • Peer-to-Peer file transfers (P2P)

9. Copyright Issues for Publishers

  • Piracy
    • Intentional
    • Accidental
  • Misuse
    • Data harvesting
    • Systematic downloading
  • Plagiarism
  • New media forms
    • Discrete sales units
    • New formats and new readers

10. Developments in Copyright

  • Less litigation
  • Creative Commons
  • Open Access mandates
  • SERU licensing principles
  • Section 108 study group

11. What should you do?

  • Be informed about copyright laws and rules
  • Advocate aggressively
  • Educate users
  • Document changes and adjust practices
  • Negotiate better licenses
  • Support more liberal usage/licensing models

12. Resources Prensky, Marc (2005/06). Listen to the Natives. Educational Leadership, v. 63 : 4 , p.8-13.http://www.ascd.org/authors/ed_lead/el200512_prensky.html Section 108 Study Group.http://www.section108.gov/ Stanford Copyright & Fair Use:http://fairuse.stanford.edu Claremont Copyright:http://copyright.claremont.edu Creative Commons:http://creativecommons.org/UCLA Copyright Infringement Project http://cip.law.ucla.edu/