Copyright 2.0: Issues for Digital Natives
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DESCRIPTIONPresentation given to Southern California Theological Librarians Association, October 10, 2008
- Copyright 2.0:
- Issues for Digital Natives
- John McDonald
- Claremont Colleges
- SCATLA Meeting
- October 10, 2008
2. Defining Copyright 2.0 Content 1.0:printed, physical, libraryUsage 1.0:browse, read, use, storeContent 2.0:print, audio, visual ; analog or digital Usage 2.0:search, repurpose, store, manipulate, manage 3. Defining Digital Natives
- I've coined the term digital native to refer to today's students (2001). They are native speakers of technology, fluent in the digital language of computers, video games, and the Internet.
- Marc Prensky (2005/06). Listen to the Natives. Educational Leadership, v.63:4, p.8-13.http://www.ascd.org/authors/ed_lead/el200512_prensky.html
4. Who are Digital Natives?
- IBM has never made typewriters.
- Caller ID has always been available on phones.
- Windows made IBM PCs user-friendly the year they were born.
- High definition television has always been available.
- GPS systems have always been available.
- Whats a fax?
- "Google" has always been a verb.
- Text messaging is their email.
- Computers have always suffered from viruses.
- They have done most of their search for the right college online.
- Cher hasn't aged a day.
- Beloit College Mindset Listhttp://www.beloit.edu/mindset/2012.php
- Everyone has the ability to be publishers, movie makers, artists, song creators, and story tellers
- 33% of teens share their own creations online, such as artwork, photos, stories, or videos
- 32% have created or worked on webpages or blogs for others, including those for groups they belong to, friends or school assignments
- 22% report keeping their own personal webpage
- 19% have created their own online journal or blog
- 19% say they remix content they find online into their own artistic creations
Usage 2.0 + Content 2.0 6.
- Mashup Example
- NPRs Day to Day program interviewed a musician this morning about creating content.
- Mash-up artistGirl Talkhas over 300 samples on his new album,Feed the Animals .
- Its sole creator, Greg Gillis, says that he only has 100 MP3s on his laptop.
- Gillis never pays for the use of his samples.
- He doesn't ask permission.
- He says he's covered by fair use laws.
- Is he risking legal trouble with the labels and bands that he samples?
- LISTEN: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=95596414
Usage 2.0 + Content 2.0 7. Copyright Issues for Users
- Print extension
- Accessibility blur
- tragedy of the commons
- creative commons
- Open source / open access
- Restrictions on usage Prohibited users
- Prohibited use
8. Copyright Issues for Libraries
- Course Reserves
- Media encoding
- Digital Fair Use
- Passworded systems
- Orphan works
- Orphan technologies
- Peer-to-Peer file transfers (P2P)
9. Copyright Issues for Publishers
- Data harvesting
- Systematic downloading
- New media forms
- Discrete sales units
- New formats and new readers
10. Developments in Copyright
- Less litigation
- Creative Commons
- Open Access mandates
- SERU licensing principles
- Section 108 study group
11. What should you do?
- Be informed about copyright laws and rules
- Advocate aggressively
- Educate users
- Document changes and adjust practices
- Negotiate better licenses
- Support more liberal usage/licensing models
12. Resources Prensky, Marc (2005/06). Listen to the Natives. Educational Leadership, v. 63 : 4 , p.8-13.http://www.ascd.org/authors/ed_lead/el200512_prensky.html Section 108 Study Group.http://www.section108.gov/ Stanford Copyright & Fair Use:http://fairuse.stanford.edu Claremont Copyright:http://copyright.claremont.edu Creative Commons:http://creativecommons.org/UCLA Copyright Infringement Project http://cip.law.ucla.edu/