Engaging Digital Natives With Web 2.0 Pete&C

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Engaging Digital Natives with Web 2.0Jennifer Carrier Dormanhttp://jdorman.wikispaces.com/PETEC2008

The Case for Digital LearningEducation is changing.Competition is changing internationally.The workplace, jobs, and skill demands are changing.

The ImplicationsThese changes, among others, are ushering us toward a world where knowledge, power, and productive capability will be more dispersed than at any time in our historya world where value creation will be fast, fluid, and persistently disruptive. Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes EverythingDon Tapscott & Anthony D. Williams

Digital Natives

Digital NativesOur students today are all native speakers of the digital language of computers, video games, instantaneous communication, and the Internet.Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Marc Prensky

The ChallengeOur Digital Immigrant instructors, who speak an outdated language (that of the pre-digital age), are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely new language

Learning Profile of Digital NativesDigital Natives are used to receiving information really fast. They like to parallel process and multi-task. They prefer their graphics before their text rather than the opposite. Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Marc Prensky

Learning Profile of Digital NativesThey prefer random access (like hypertext). They function best when networked. They thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards. They prefer games to serious work. Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Marc Prensky

Web 2.0

Web 1.0 Web 2.0

What is Web 2.0?"It's made of people. It's not content." Jeff Jarvis, Buzzmachine"The interconnected web." Andrew Anker, Six Apart"Web 2.0 is the two-way web where content finds you."Ron Rasmussen, KnowNow"People doing things together on the web."Mitchell Baker, Mozilla Foundation"Web 2.0 is about platforms that other people can build on."Rajat Paharia, Bunchball

What does Web 2.0 look like?Web as a platformLight-weight web applications; explosion in creativityUser-generated contentIncreased accessibility; numerous media formatsSharing and re-mixingCulture; creating by assembly and interpretationEconomic and educational value

Participatory Culture

Powerful Learning EnvironmentsPowerful learning environments are usually defined as being environments that seek to develop complex and higher order cognitive skills, deep conceptual understanding and metacognitive skills such as the ability to self-regulate ones own learning de Corte 1990

Participatory CultureAccording to a recent study from the Pew Internet & American Life project (Lenhardt & Madden, 2005), more than one-half of all teens have created media content, and roughly one-third of teens who use the Internet have shared content they produced.Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

Forms of Participatory CultureAffiliations memberships, formal and informal, in online communities centered around various forms of mediaExpressions producing new creative forms, such as digital sampling, skinning and modding, fan videomaking, fan fiction writing, zines, mash-upsConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

Forms of Participatory CultureCollaborative Problem-solving working together in teams, formal and informal, to complete tasks and develop new knowledge Circulations Shaping the flow of mediaConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

BenefitsA growing body of scholarship suggests potential benefits of these forms of participatory culture, including:opportunities for peer-to-peer learning, a changed attitude toward intellectual property, the diversification of cultural expression, the development of skills valued in the modern workplace, and a more empowered conception of citizenship. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

Impact on LearningParticipatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement.The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking.These skills build on the foundation of traditional literacy, research skills, technical skills, and critical analysis skills taught in the classroom.Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

21st Century Literacies

21st Century LiteraciesPlay the capacity to experiment with ones surroundings as a form of problem-solvingPerformance the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discoverySimulation the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processesConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

21st Century LiteraciesAppropriation the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media contentMultitasking the ability to scan ones environment and shift focus as needed to salient details.Distributed Cognition the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacitiesConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

21st Century LiteraciesCollective Intelligence the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goalJudgment the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sourcesConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

21st Century LiteraciesTransmedia Navigation the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalitiesNetworking the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate informationConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

21st Century LiteraciesNegotiation the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative normsConfronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins

Learning 2.0

Learning 2.0?Is it possible to draw on the activities emerging through social software to create learning communities which offer young people personalized, collaborative learning experiences such as those that are already emerging in the world outside the school gates?www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Social Software and LearningSome of the key attributes of social software in relation to education are that it: Delivers communication between groups. Enables communication between many people. Provides gathering and sharing resources.Delivers collaborative collecting and indexing of information. Allows syndication and assists personalization of priorities. Has new tools for knowledge aggregation and creation of new knowledge. Delivers to many platforms as is appropriate to the creator, recipient and context. www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Delivers communication between groupsThere are implicit mechanisms that allow interest groups to electronically coalesce to be aware of what each other are doing and to review each others actions and to allow those actions to benefit each other member of a community. www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Enables communication between many peopleIf the authors wish, all their work is available to the rest of the digital world. Access is available to expert and novice alike and, in fact, social software provides systems whereby experts and novices can work together.www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Provides gathering and sharing resourcesIt provides a means of gathering and making material available. Simple acts like putting holiday snapshots on a searchable photo site can give others insight into the location, for instance; for other people making available their work in progress can both inform others and prompt critical feedback. www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Delivers collaborative collecting and indexing of informationNo longer is knowledge limited by historically constructed visions of curricula. There are new ways of organizing and finding knowledge objects that are of interest to you and the groups with whom you share interests. www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Allows syndication and assists personalization of priorities There are mechanisms to be passively active. You can choose what information streams you want to be kept informed about and that information will come to you rather than you having to go and seek it. It will help you both keep abreast with your co-workers online activity and those other information streams you actually prioritize.www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Has new tools for knowledge aggregation and creation of new knowledge The massive uptake of MP3 music players is indicative of a move to collecting material from many sources and aggregating it for our personal use. There are also tools that allow that content to be modified and incorporated in new formulations: the concept of a mash-up.www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Delivers to many platforms as is appropriate to the creator, recipient and context Creators and users of social software tools and content know their lives are not constrained to desktops, they use many media: mobile phones; PDAs; MP3 players and games consoles. They increasingly expect that the digital part of their life will integrate with them in the context that they are in.www.futurelab.org.uk/research/opening_education.htm

Supporting 21st Century Learning

CategoriesRSSBlogsPodcastsSocial BookmarkingWikisCollaborative Synchronous Editing ToolsLearning Networks

Harnessing RSS

What is RSS?Depending on who you talk to, RSS stands for Rich Site Summary or Real Simple Syndication

RSS in Plain Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/profile?user=leelefever


BloglinesSave Time, Read it Your Way View all your subscriptions by clicking on the My Feeds tab Modify display preferences in feed Options View articles by selecting from the links in your Feeds folder Modify individual subscription options using the Edit feature Choose a Notifier for Bloglines alerts View Bloglines on your mobile device Read Bloglines in your favorite language http://www.bloglines.com/

Google Reader

Google ReaderStay up to date Google Reader constantly checks your favorite news sites and blogs for new content. Share with your friends Use Google Reader's built-in public page to easily share interesting items with your friends and family. Use it anywhere, for free Google Reader is totally free and works in most modern browsers, without any software to install. https://www.google.com/reader/view/

Sharing Feeds with Google Reader


NetvibesNetvibes is a personalized page you can now modify everything: move modules, add new RSS/ATOM feeds, change the parameters for each module, etc. Your modifications are saved in real-time and you'll find your page when you get back on Netvibes.com. If you want to be able to access your page from any computer, you can sign in with your email and a password.http://www.netvibes.com/

NetvibesNetVibes can pull content from:RSS or web feedsPodcastsCalendarsWidget and applications modules


PageflakesPageflakes is your personalized start page on the Internet. Your address book, local weather information, to-do-list, news, blogs and much more all on one page that you can access from anywhere. You can also use Pageflakes to keep up with your favorite blogs and news feeds. "Flake" is our word for those little modules which you can see on the screen.

Pagecasting with PageflakesPagecasting means publishing your Pageflakes page for others to see. You can share your Pagecast with the world or with a private group. You can even let others edit and contribute to your Pagecast!

PagecastingBroadcast the URL address and invite others to collaborate to maintain dynamic page contentHelpful hint:You can shorten your Pagecast URL with the following applications: http://snipurl.com, http://tinyurl.com/, http://teach42.com/go/

GrazrGrazr is a free and easy way to gather and organize information from all over the Web. Use our drag and drop editor to collect feeds and links to Web pages, and then share them with others on this site, or place them on your own pages with our free widget. http://www.grazr.com/

Creating Widgets with Grazr

GrazrEmbedded Grazr feed reader

Grazr WidgetReading feeds through embedded Grazr widgets


BlogsWeblogs are easily updatable personal websites, often used as personal journals. The social aspect of weblogs can be seen in the ability for readers to comment on postings, to post links to other blogs and, through using pingback or trackback functions, to keep track of other blogs referencing their posts. This enables bloggers to know who is referring to and building on what they say in their blogs.

Blog HostingBlogmeister http://classblogmeister.com/ (school code required)Edublogs http://edublogs.org/ Blogger https://www.blogger.com/ 21 Classes http://21classes.com/ (free service is limited)http://jdorman.wikispaces.com/+Blogs


PodcastsiPod + Broadcast = PodcastAmateur radioPodcasting is the method of distributing multimedia files over the Internet using RSS syndication formats for playback on mobile devices and personal computers.

Podcasting ResourcesAudacityGCastVoicethread

Audacity Audio Editing Softwarehttp://audacity.sourceforge.net/

Publishing Your Podcasts - GCast

VoiceThreadA VoiceThread is an online media album that allows people to make comments, either audio or text, and share them with anyone they wish. A VoiceThread allows an entire group's story to be told and collected in one place. VoiceThreads can be embedded into blogs, wikis, and other web sites.http://voicethread.com/


Social Bookmarking

Social Bookmarking and TaggingFundamentally, social bookmarking is a web-based application that allows users to store bookmarked links to URLs in a format accessible via the internet rather than searching bookmarks stored on a specific computer.

Social Bookmarking and TaggingThe point at which this bookmarking activity becomes social is when tagging is added to the functionality. This means that when users add a bookmark to their list, they also add a tag (a keyword) to that link. This means that users can search other peoples bookmarks through tags (keywords) defined by users.

Social Bookmarking in Plain Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/profile?user=leelefever

Clipping ToolsClipping tools are a compliment to tagging tools.A clipping tool sits on the toolbar of your browser and allows you to either clip the resource you are viewing and add it to your blog and/or add it to your social bookmarks. Whichever way you choose, clipping tools allow you to add annotation to information that you have found and want to keep a reference to, and then to share this information and your added value-tags and annotation with others.



BlinkList http://www.blinklist.com/





WikisWiki software allows people to easily upload content to the internet, with the important addition that it is then editable by other readers. One of the most well-known examples is Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia.

WikisThe principle behind the operation of wikis is that the knowledge of the group is greater than that of an individual, and that the group who use it are also the group who create it. In this way, individuals within the group decide when new entries should be created and through collaborative editing of entries an article will emerge that satisfies the needs of the group.

Wikis in Plain Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/profile?user=leelefever

Wikis in EducationWikispaceshttp://www.wikispaces.com/ http://www.wikispaces.com/site/for/teachers100K PB Wikihttp://pbwiki.com/ http://pbwiki.com/education.wiki

Collaborative Synchronous Editing Tools

Synchronously Edited Web DocumentsAnother text-based format that is evolving in Web 2.0 is collaborative synchronous web-based creation tools such as collaborative word processors, spreadsheets, and presentation software.

Synchronously Edited Web DocumentsProductivity SuitesGoogle DocsZohoConcept and Mind MappingGliffyBubble.usMindMeisterMindomo

Google DocsCreate, edit and upload quickly Import your existing documents, spreadsheets and presentations, or create new ones from scratch. Access and edit from anywhere All you need is a Web browser. Your documents are stored securely online. Share changes in real time Invite people to your documents and make changes together, at the same timeTour of Google Docs http://www.google.com/google-d-s/intl/en/tour1.html http://docs.google.com/

Google Docs in Plain Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/profile?user=leelefever



GliffyDiagramming in your web browser without downloading additional software Desktop application feel in a web-based diagramming solution Add collaborators to your work and watch it grow Link to published Gliffy drawings from your blog or wiki Create many types of diagrams such as Flowcharts, UI wireframes, Floor plans, Network diagrams, UML diagrams, or any other simple drawing or diagram


Bubble.usBubbl.us is a simple and free web application that lets you brainstorm online. Create colorful mind maps online Share and work with friends Embed your mind map in your blog or website Email and print your mind map Save your mind map as an image http://bubbl.us/

MindMeisterMindMeister brings the concept of mind mapping to the web, using its facilities for real-time collaboration to allow truly global brainstorming sessions Users can create, manage and share mind maps online and access them anytime, from anywhere. In brainstorming mode, fellow MindMeisters from around the world (or just in different rooms) can simultaneously work on the same mind map - and see each other's changes as they happen http://www.mindmeister.com/home/about http://www.mindmeister.com/

MindomoA mind map is a diagram used to represent words, ideas, tasks or other items linked to and arranged radially around a central key word or idea. It is used to generate, visualize, structure and classify ideas, and as an aid in study, organization, problem solving, and decision making Mindomo maps allow users to:Manage and retain information more efficientlyCommunicate information more effectivelyEnhance thinking and learningRecognize trends, clusters, and other patterns in your informationSynthesize separate pieces of information into new knowledge



Learning Networks

Affinity and Social NetworksPersonal networks are shared contacts systems - databases of contacts, and contacts of contacts. These are often geared to plain sociability (e.g. Friendster) or for business contacts (Linkedin).Affinity systems allow people to register their membership of groups such as old school friends or work colleagues.Profile matching systems require individuals to enter personal details which are either matched against the profiles of others or searchable by others. This is the typical mechanism for dating websites, but this approach can be mapped onto any need to find people of a particular profile.

Social Networking in Plain Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/profile?user=leelefever

Affinity and Social NetworksNingLinkedIn

NingAs part of Ning's free service, you can create a full social network that you can customize and brand as your own Ning offers Ad-Free K-12 networkshttp://www.ning.com

NingSocial Networkinginvite new members, meet new people, and make new friendsenjoy a full message center with address book importingset different privacy settings for every photo, video, and blog postFull CustomizationAdd your own logo, branding, and visual design FeaturesPhoto, video, blog sharingDiscussion forumsEmbed widgetsManagement Dashboardpublic or private moderate photos and videos before they are posted, as desired delete members, photos, videos, blog posts, chatters, and forum posts, as desired http://www.ning.com

Ning Network

Requesting Ad-Free Status on Ning Create your student network, if you don't already have oneGo to http://help.ning.com/?page_id=27Use the subject line: "Ad Removal Request for K-12 Education Site" Put in your network ID at the beginning of the "Describe your issue" box, then just give a one-sentence description of your network usage. Email steve@hargadon.com if your network isn't ad-free within 24 hours Join the Ning in Education community to get help, hint, and tips for using Ning in educational settingsConsider thanking Ning by placing a Ning in Education badge on your front page by following the link on the right side of that network that says "Get a Ning in Education Badge!"


There are hundreds of examples of the digital immigrant accent. They include printing out your email (or having your secretary print it out for you an even thicker accent); needing to print out a document written on the computer in order to edit it (rather than just editing on the screen); and bringing people physically into your office to see an interesting web site (rather than just sending them the URL). Im sure you can think of one or two examples of your own without much effort. My own favorite example is the Did you get my email? phone call. Those of us who are Digital Immigrants can, and should, laugh at ourselves and our accent. EdutainmentEdutainmentBlogger - http://www.blogger.com/ This is a great service (owned by Google) that allows anyone to create and customize a blog. While it's designed so anyone can get started it also has enough versatility for the truly geeky to get almost everything out of it that they want. (audioblogger)

Blogmeister - http://classblogmeister.com/ Many blogging services are turned down by schools or teachers because adults loose a certain level of control over the students. After all, bogging students have a global forum where they can say whatever they want. With Blogmeister (from the brilliant mind of David Warlick), all student postings and comments do not go "live" to the internet unless a teacher approves them.

NovemberLearning - http://nlcommunities.com/ Alan November's blogging service. Used to be free for educators, but will begin charging soon. Has support for photo albums built in to it. Designed for educators, but doesn't really have any significant features tailored to using it in an educational setting (like Blogmeister)

Edublogs - http://edublogs.org/ James Farmer's Wordpress Multiuser offering to educators. Any teacher can get a free blog there. There are several themes to choose from. It is essentially a standard Wordpress installation, which is the blog engine of choice for many edubloggers because of it's powerful features and open source code. While the name is Edublogs, there are no features tailored specifically to using it in the educational environment. James also offers learnerblogs.org for students and uniblogs.org for university students and faculty.