Engaging Digital Natives Through Blogging

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Engaging Digital Natives through BloggingExamining 21st century literacies and applications for blogging in the classroom.

Jennifer Carrier Dorman

We are at a turning point in the tech industry and perhaps even in the history of the worldTim OReilly Feb. 14, 2006

The Case for 21st Century EducationEducation is changing.Competition is changing internationally.The workplace, jobs, and skill demands are changing.

Global ImplicationsThese changes, among others, are ushering us toward a world where knowledge, power, and productive capability will be more dispersed than at any time in our historya world where value creation will be fast, fluid, and persistently disruptive. A world where only the connected will survive. Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything

Global ImplicationsA power shift is underway, and a tough new business rule is emerging: Harness the new collaboration or perish. Those who fail to grasp this will find themselves ever more isolatedcut off from the networks that are sharing, adapting, and updating knowledge to create value.Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything

Get flat or be flattened

Implications for SchoolsFor smart schools [companies], the rising tide of mass collaboration offers vast opportunitySchools [Companies] can reach beyond their walls to sow the seeds of innovation and harvest a bountiful crop. (edits by Will Richardson, original words in brackets)Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything

Implications for SchoolsIndeed, educators [firms] that cultivate nimble, trust-based relationships with external collaborators are positioned to form vibrant classroom [business] ecosystems that enhance learning [create value] more effectively than hierarchically organized schools [businesses]. (edits by Will Richardson, original words in brackets)Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything

Digital NativesWho are the digital natives and what is their learning profile?

Who are the digital natives?Our students today are all native speakers of the digital language of computers, video games, instantaneous communication, and the Internet.Those of us who were not born into the digital world but have, at some later point in our lives, become fascinated by and adopted many or most aspects of the new technology are Digital Immigrants.

The Nomadic Grazing Patterns of Digital NativesDigital Natives are used to receiving information really fast. They like to parallel process and multi-task. They prefer their graphics before their text rather than the opposite.

The Nomadic Grazing Patterns of Digital NativesThey prefer random access (like hypertext). They function best when networked. They thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards. They prefer games to serious work.

Web 2.0The evolution of the semantic read/write web

Web 1.0 Web 2.0

What is Web 2.0?Web 2.0 is a term often applied to a perceived ongoing transition of the World Wide Web from a collection of static websites to a full-fledged computing platform serving web applications to end users. Tim OReilly

Confronting the Challenges of a Participatory CultureMedia Education for the 21st Century

Henry Jenkins, Director of the Comparative Media Studies Program at MIT

If it were possible to define generally the mission of education, it could be said that its fundamental purpose is to ensure that all students benefit from learning in ways that allow them to participate fully in public, community, [Creative] and economic life. New London Group (2000)

Participatory CultureAccording to a recent study from the Pew Internet & American Life project (Lenhardt & Madden, 2005), more than one-half of all teens have created media content, and roughly one-third of teens who use the Internet have shared content they produced.

A Participatory Culture . . .Relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagementStrong support for creating and sharing ones creations with othersSome type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices

A Participatory Culture . . .Members believe that their contributions matterMembers feel some degree of social connection with one another (at the least they care what other people think about what they have created)

Forms of Participatory CultureAffiliations memberships, formal and informal, in online communities centered around various forms of media, such as Friendster, Facebook, message boards, metagaming, Second Life, or MySpaceExpressions producing new creative forms, such as digital sampling, skinning and modding, fan videomaking, fan fiction writing, zines, mash-ups

Forms of Participatory CultureCollaborative Problem-solving working together in teams, formal and informal, to complete tasks and develop new knowledge (such as through Wikipedia, alternative reality gaming, spoiling).Circulations Shaping the flow of media (such as podcasting, blogging).

ImplicationsA growing body of scholarship suggests potential benefits of these forms of participatory culture, including:opportunities for peer-to-peer learning, a changed attitude toward intellectual property, the diversification of cultural expression, the development of skills valued in the modern workplace, and a more empowered conception of citizenship.

ImplicationsParticipatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement.The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking.These skills build on the foundation of traditional literacy, research skills, technical skills, and critical analysis skills taught in the classroom.

The New LiteraciesPlay the capacity to experiment with ones surroundings as a form of problem-solvingPerformance the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discoverySimulation the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processesAppropriation the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media content

The New LiteraciesMultitasking the ability to scan ones environment and shift focus as needed to salient details.Distributed Cognition the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacitiesCollective Intelligence the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goalJudgment the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources

The New LiteraciesTransmedia Navigation the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalitiesNetworking the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate informationNegotiation the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms.

BlogsStudents as Creators

BlogsA blog is a website for which an individual or a group frequently generates text, photographs, video or audio files, and/or links, typically (but not always) on a daily basis. The term is a shortened form of weblog. Authoring a blog, maintaining a blog or adding an article to an existing blog is called "blogging". Individual articles on a blog are called "blog posts," "posts," or "entries". The person who posts these entries is called a "blogger".

Why the sudden popularity of blogs?RSS - Really Simple Syndication

Bloglineshttp://www.bloglines.com/

Google Reader Labshttps://www.google.com/reader/view/

The Power of RSSRSS + Feed Reader/Aggregator = personalized learning/affinity networkThe new WWW in actionRSS is not limited to blogsNews feedsPodcastsWiki edits and discussionsSocial bookmarkingMultiple users

Blogs in School?Blogs are tools, and like any tools they can be used or misused. Misuse occurs more often when there's a lack of instruction. (MySpace, Xanga, Facebook)Interactivity, publishing, collective intelligence

Why Students Shouldnt BlogPeople will read it. People might not like it. They might share test answers with others. They might be found by a child predator online They might write something inappropriate. They might find something inappropriate. They might get other students to start blogging. http://blogging101.wikispaces.com/whywhynot

Why Students Should BlogPeople will read it. They might like it. They might share what they've learned with others. They might participate in a collaborative learning project. They might become inspired to learn. They might inspire others to learn. They might get other students to start blogging. If they don't talk in class, they might on a blog. http://blogging101.wikispaces.com/whywhynot

Blogs in SchoolTeacher BlogsHomeworkKeep Parents in the LoopVirtual In-serviceProfessional collaborationStudent BlogsThis week in class, we...Student WorkOnline portfolioPeer/teacher feedbackBook blogsConnect with an expert

Successful Tips for Book BlogsGet comfortable with bloggingChoose a relevant book [article, topic, etc.]Devise interesting questionsSolicit the authors involvementWelcome bloggers [experts] from outside the classroomErik Langhorst The Dixie Clicks 12/1/2006http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA6395089.html

Daily Scribe

Extending Class Discussion

Student Work Showcase

Student-Initiated Content

Student Sharing

Tips for Blogginghttp://blogging101.wikispaces.com/bloggersbeware

Blog Hosting for SchoolsBlogmeister - http://classblogmeister.com/ Edublogs - http://edublogs.org/

Questions to ConsiderWho are your teachers?How are you building your own learning networks?How are you modeling your learning for your students?Will Richardson - http://www.weblogg-ed.com/

Learn More, Get InvolvedJen Dormans Digital Tools for Digital Natives wikihttp://jdorman.wikispaces.com Jen Dormans bloghttp://cliotech.blogspot.com/ Jens Class Web Pagehttp://www.cbsd.org/holicong/jendorman/ Discovery Educator Network PA bloghttp://discoveryeducation.typepad.com/pennsylvania/

Discovery Educator NetworkJoin the Discovery Educator Network to connect to over 20,000 educators worldwide who collaborate to support the integration of 21st century technologies in education.Learn more at http://jdorman.wikispaces.com/DiscoveryEducatorNetwork

Tim O'Reilly is the founder and CEO of O'Reilly Media, Inc., thought by many to be the best computer book publisher in the world, and an activist for open standards. O'Reilly Media also publishes online through the O'Reilly Network and hosts conferences on technology topics, including the O'Reilly Open Source Convention, the O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference, and the Web 2.0 Conference. We can no longer claim that the US educational results are unparalleled. Students around the world outperform American students on assessments that measure 21st century skills. Todays teachers need better tools to address this growing concern.

Innovation and creativity no longer sets US education apart. Innovators around the world rival Americans in breakthroughs that fuel economic competitiveness.

Today,every student, whether he/she plans to go on to a 4-year college, trade school, or entry-level job, requires 21st century skills to succeed. We need to ensure that all students are qualified to succeed in work and life skills in this global economy. Teachers need the training to empower them to transmit these skills through their instruction.Don Tapscott (author of Growing Up Digital and Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything) Don Tapscott (author of Growing Up Digital and Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything) Don Tapscott (author of Growing Up Digital and Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything)

Will Richardson (author of Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms, weblogg-ed blog, numerous articles, etc.)Don Tapscott (author of Growing Up Digital and Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything)

Will Richardson (author of Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms, weblogg-ed blog, numerous articles, etc.)Tim O'Reilly is the founder and CEO of O'Reilly Media, Inc., thought by many to be the best computer book publisher in the world, and an activist for open standards. O'Reilly Media also publishes online through the O'Reilly Network and hosts conferences on technology topics, including the O'Reilly Open Source Convention, the O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference, and the Web 2.0 Conference. Confronting the Challenges of a Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century-Henry Jenkins, Director of the Comparative Media Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-The MacArthur FoundationNot every member must contribute, but all must believe they are free to contribute when ready and that what they contribute will be appropriately valued.

-In such a world, many will only dabble, some will dig deeper, and still others will master the skills that are most valued withinthe community. -The community itself, however, provides strong incentives for creative expression and active participation.-Historically, we have valued creative writing or art classes because they help to identify and train future writers and artists, but also because the creative process is valuable on its own; every child deserves the chance to express him- or herself through words, sounds, and images, even if most will never write, perform, or draw professionally. -Having these experiences, we believe, changes the way youth think about themselves and alters the way they look at work created by others.

According to a 2005 study conducted by the Pew Internet and American Life project (Lenhardt & Madden, 2005), more than one-half of all American teensand 57 percent of teens who use the Internetcould be considered media creators. For the purpose of the study, a media creator is someone who created a blog or webpage, posted original artwork, photography, stories or videos online or remixed online content into their own new creations. Most have done two or more of these activities. One-third of teens share what they create online with others, 22 percent have their own websites, 19 percent blog, and 19 percent remix online content.Contrary to popular stereotypes, these activities are not restricted to white suburban males. In fact, urban youth (40 percent) are somewhat more likely than their suburban (28 percent) or rural (38 percent) counterparts to be media creators. Girls aged 15-17 (27 percent) are more likely than boys their age (17 percent) to be involved with blogging or other social activities online.The Pew researchers found no significant differences in participation by race-ethnicity. According to a 2005 study conducted by the Pew Internet and American Life project (Lenhardt & Madden, 2005), more than one-half of all American teensa...