developmental reading disorder

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Developmental Reading Disorder. Dyslexia. By Gretchen Elliott. What is Dyslexia?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Developmental Reading Disorder

Developmental Reading DisorderDyslexiaBy Gretchen ElliottWhat is Dyslexia?Dyslexia is a language based learning disability. People with dyslexia typically have average to above average intelligence. They may have difficulty with reading, spelling, understanding language they hear, or expressing themselves clearly in speaking or in writing. Reading is the biggest area where students seem to struggle.

Word MeaningsDYS = TROUBLELEXIA = WORDSPeople with dyslexia have trouble with words.

The exact causes of dyslexia are still completely unclear, but brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a dyslexic person develops and functions.What causes dyslexia?

Characteristics of DyslexiaSlow Word RecallBeyond third grade continuing to reverse and invert letters and rearrange wordsMore difficulty decoding nonsense words than content wordsDifficulty decoding single words in isolationDifficulty with letter/sound relationshipsConfusing small words such as at for to, said for and, does for goes.Reverses number sequences and math signs (+, -, x, =) even though math skills are typically a strength

Characteristics of Dyslexia ContinuedMay have difficulty learning to tell timeSpelling is usually difficult, frequently spells the same word differently in a single piece of writingFrequently able to decode a word they cannot spellListening comprehension is usually a strength and the student typically can comprehend at grade level what he hears orallyPoor grasp of abstract conceptsDifficulty in telling or retelling a storyDifficulty with rhyming words

Dyslexia isNOT a visual problemNOT a lack of intelligenceNOT due to a lack of effortNOT uncommon- 17.5% of United States have dyslexiaNOT responsive to standard reading instruction

WHAT IS PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS?Phonological awareness is the understanding that words are made up of small bits of sound.Do fat and cat have the same end sound? What is the beginning sound in man?This is hard for a dyslexic person to grasp but is needed for reading, writing, and spelling.

No difficulties foundData gathering for all studentsDifficulties found- intervention startedStudent struggles even after interventions so more in depth instructions is givenStudent is not successfulStudent is successfulReferral to a 504 plan or Special EducationHow is Dyslexia Found?Dyslexia AssessedReferral To the dyslexia coordinatorTo the 504 Coordinator.To the diagnosticianAssessmentCompletion of the dyslexia data sheet 504 committee or special education program will determine eligibility, placement, and accommodations.

VideosFree dyslexia test for parents to check their child Works Cited;;rd=1