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  • Elements

    of Poetry By: Mrs. Howard

  • Stanza  •A unit of lines

    grouped together

    •Similar to a

    paragraph in prose

  • Line Break  The intentional end

    of a line of poetry.

     Honey, I love…

     I love a lot of


     And

     I love you, too.

  • Types of Patterns  Couplet

     •A stanza

    consisting of two

    lines that rhyme

     Quatrain

     •A stanza

    consisting of four


  • Mood  The feeling a poem

    creates for the


    Tone  The attitude a poet

    takes toward

    his/her subject

  • Refrain A Refrain is a verse or phrase that is repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, usually after the chorus or stanza.

    Refrain/chorus for “Texas

    Our Texas.”

    God bless you Texas! And keep

    you brave and strong,

    That you may grow in power

    and worth, throughout the

    ages long.

    God bless you Texas! And keep

    you brave and strong,

    That you may grow in power

    and worth, throughout the

    ages long.

  • Imagery  •Representation

    of the five

    senses: sight,

    taste, touch,

    sound, and smell

     (sensory language)

     •Creates mental

    images about a

    poem’s subject •

    Example “Continuous as the stars that

    shine and twinkle on the milky

    way” •

  • Rhyme Scheme  The pattern in

    which end rhyme


     Continuous as the stars that shine (A) And twinkle on the milky way, (B)

     • They stretched in never-ending line (A) Along the margin of a bay: (B) Ten thousand saw I at a glance, (C)

     • Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. (C)

  • Meter  The basic rhythmic

    structure in verse,

    composed of

    stressed and



     The movement of

    words in a poem.

  • Metaphor  •An implied


    between two

    objects or ideas

    Example “She was a bright and shining

    star in my class.”

  • Simile  •A direct


    between two

    objects or ideas

    that uses the

    words “like” or

    “as” Example “She is like the sun setting

    behind the mountains in the


  • Alliteration  •The repetition of

    an initial

    (beginning) sound

    or consonant in

    two or more words

    next to each other

    in a line of a poem

    Consonance -

     The repetition of

    final consonant


    Example Peter Piper picked a peck of

    pickled peppers.

  •  Onomatopoeia

     •A word that

    imitates a noise

    or action

    Example Bang! Pop! “flutter”


  • IDIOM

    Example: Let’s

    get a doggy bag. Idioms are word combinations that are idiotic! Crazy! Nuts! etc.

    In other words, idioms have meanings that can't be figured out by looking up the words in the dictionary. They have meanings that are understood by people who speak that language, but are very hard to understand for people who don't speak that language.


  • Personification

     •Giving human traits

    or characteristics to

    animals or inanimate


    Example “When all at once I saw a

    crowd, a host of golden

    daffodils; beside the lake,

    beneath the trees, fluttering

    and dancing in the breeze.”

  • Concrete/ Cinquain Poems

  • Colloquial Language A-blowing

    A-growing “What’s the Railroad to

    Me?”—Henry David Thoreau

  • Types of poems:

    Acrostic Diamante

  • Free Verse  No rhyming words

    and no established


     Example:

     Song to Mothers  “Your laugh is a green


     Cancion verde,

     that banches

     Through our house,

     its yellow blooms smelling

     Like warm honey.”

  • Narrative Verse  Tells a story.

  • Limerick  A limerick follows an aabba rhyming

    pattern. Lines 1,2, and 5 have eight or nine syllables. Lines 3 and 4 have fewer syllables than the rest of the poem- anywhere from five to seven syllables— although lines 3 and 4 should both have the same number of syllables.

     Line 1 rhymes with lines 2 and 5.

     Lines 3 and 4 rhyme and are shorter.

  • Haiku  "Haiku" is a traditional form of Japanese poetry.

    Haiku poems consist of 3 lines. The first and last

    lines of a Haiku have 5 syllables and the middle

    line has 7 syllables. The lines rarely rhyme.

     Here's a Haiku to help you remember:

     I am first with five Then seven in the middle -- Five again to end.

     Because Haikus are such short poems, they

    are usually written about things that are

    recognizable to the reader. Animals and

    seasons are examples of recognizable topics

    children might enjoy exploring.

  • Lyrical Poetry  Sonnets as Lyric Poetry  The word “lyric” comes from

    the Latin “lyricus" meaning “of or for the lyre.” Some of the best examples of lyric poetry come from Italian and English sonnets. In lyric poetry, the mood is musical and emotional. The writer of a lyric poem uses words that express his state of mind, his perceptions, or his feelings.

     Some of the best examples of lyric poetry are sonnets.

     William Shakespeare  Another good example is this

    part of Sonnet Number 18, written by William Shakespeare:

     Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

     Many lyric poems are about love, but they can be about anything which stirs the emotions.

  • Poetry as sung:

    Sonnet  A poem hat contain

    fourteen lines (ten

    syllables per line), is

    written in iambic

    pentameter, and

    uses the rhyme

    scheme ABAB CDCD



     A poem that is

    meant to be sung

    and usually tells a

    sad story; most

    have refrains.

  • ODE

     a poem that celebrates a subject; a

     tribute to an object, person, or event.

     An ode is a long lyric poem with a serious

    subject written in an elevated style.

    Famous examples are Wordsworth’s Hymn

    to Duty or Keats’ Ode to a Grecian Urn.

    http://www2.anglistik.uni-freiburg.de/intranet/englishbasics/PoetryTypes01.htm http://www2.anglistik.uni-freiburg.de/intranet/englishbasics/PoetryTypes01.htm

  • Parody  An imitation of

    another work that

    pokes fun at the


  • Parody example:

    The Crocodile  How doth the little crocodile

     Improve his shining tail,

     And pour the waters of the Nile

     On every golden scale!

     How cheerfully he seems to grin!

     How neatly spreads his claws,

     And welcomes little fishes in

     With gently smiling jaws!

     -Lewis Carroll

    Against Idleness and Mischief

     How doth the little busy bee

     Improve each shining hour,

     And gather honey all the day

     From every opening flower!

     How skillfully she builds her cell!

     How neat she spreads the wax!

     And labours hard to store it well

     With the sweet food she makes.

     -Isaac Watts