poetry - sound elements

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    Hear the Music

    Make It Rhyme

    Rhythm and MeterFree Verse

    Sound Effects

    Practice

    The Sounds of Poetry

    Feature Menu

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    Poetrys musical quality makes it different fromother forms of literature. A good poem practicallysings.

    To achieve this musical

    effect, poets use

    rhyme

    [End of Section]

    rhythm

    sound effects

    Hear the Music

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    Rhymerepetition of the sound of the stressedvowel and any sounds that follow it in words thatare close together in a poem.

    And haply a bell with a luring call

    Summoned their feet to tread

    Midst the cruel rocks, where the deep pitfall

    And the lurking snare are spread.from Black Sheep by Richard Burton

    Modern Poetry

    Make It Rhyme

    Listen to the poem and then identify the rhymes.

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    In an exact rhyme, allsounds from thestressed vowel to theend of the word are

    repeated.

    immersionconversionpleasuretreasuresphererevere

    In an approximaterhyme, some soundsare repeated, but thewords are not exact

    echoes of each other.

    regularlyFebruarylandingscanningsonggone

    Make It Rhyme

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    Rhymes usually occur at the ends of lines. Thistype of rhyme is called end rhyme.

    Golden pulse grew on the shore,

    Ferns along the hill,

    And the red cliff roses bore

    Bees to drink their fill;

    from Golden Purse by John Myers OHara

    Make It Rhyme

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    When rhyme occurs within a line, it is calledinternal rhyme.

    The Sun came up upon the left,

    Out of the sea came he!

    And he shone bright, and on the right

    Went down into the sea.

    from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge

    Make It Rhyme

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    A regular pattern of end rhyme, or rhymescheme, defines the shape of a poem and holds ittogether.

    Apple-green west and an orange bar,And the crystal eye of a lone, one star . . .

    And, Child, take the shears and cut what you will,

    Frost to-nightso clear and dead-still.

    from Frost To-Night by Edith M. Thomas

    aa

    b

    b

    Make It Rhyme

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    Find the endrhymes in thisexcerpt,includingapproximate

    rhymes.

    Make It Rhyme

    Quick Check

    Take this kiss upon the brow!

    And, in parting from you now,

    Thus much let me avow

    You are not wrong, who deem

    That my days have been a dream;Yet if hope has flown away

    In a night, or in a day,

    In a vision, or in none,

    Is it therefore the less gone?Allthat we see or seem

    Is but a dream within a dream.

    from A Dream within a Dream by Edgar Allan Poe

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    Find theinternal rhymesin this excerpt,includingapproximate

    rhymes.

    Make It Rhyme

    Quick Check

    [End of Section]

    Take this kiss upon the brow!

    And, in parting from you now,

    Thus much let me avow

    You are not wrong, who deem

    That my days have been a dream;Yet if hope has flown away

    In a night, or in a day,

    In a vision, or in none,

    Is it therefore the less gone?Allthat we see or seem

    Is but a dream within a dream.

    from A Dream within a Dream by Edgar Allan Poe

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    Rhythmmusical quality based on repetition.

    A common form of rhythm is meter, a regularpattern of stressed and unstressed syllables ineach line.

    Rhythm and Meter

    I wandered lonely as a cloud

    That floats on high oer vales and hills

    from I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud by William Wordsworth

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    Scanning a Poems Meter

    When you analyze a poem to show its meter, youare scanning the poem. Scanning is a way oftaking a poem apart to see how the poet has

    created its music.

    Stressed syllables are marked with the symbol().

    Unstressed syllables are marked the symbol().

    Rhythm and Meter

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    Iambunstressed syllable followed by a stressedsyllable.

    There are several different kinds of metrical feet.

    Footmetrical unit, usually consisting of onestressed syllable and one or more unstressedsyllables.

    His hair is crisp, and black, and long,from The Village Blacksmith by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

    Rhythm and Meter

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    Which syllablesare stressed inthe first twolines?

    Now, scan therest of theexcerpt. What isthe predominant

    type of foot?

    Rhythm and Meter

    Quick Check

    Our little house upon the hill

    In summer time strange voices fill;

    With ceaseless rustle of the leaves,

    And birds that twitter in the eaves,

    And all the vines entangled so

    The village lights no longer show.

    from Our Little House by Thomas Walsh

    [End of Section]

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    Notice that free verse sounds similar to prose or

    to everyday spoken language.

    Free versepoetry that does not follow a regularpattern of rhyme and meter.

    This poetry gets bored of being alone,

    It wants to go outdoors to chew on the winds,to fill its commas with the keels of rowboats. . . .from Living Poetry by Hugo Margenat

    Free Verse

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    I am a copper wire slung in the air,

    Slim against the sun I make not even a clear line of

    shadow.

    Night and day I keep singinghumming and

    thrumming:

    from Under a Telephone Pole by Carl Sandburg

    Onomatopoeiause of words that sound like

    what they mean.

    In addition to rhythm and rhyme, poets also useonomatopoeia, alliteration, and assonance togive their poems a musical quality.

    Sound Effects

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    Alliterationrepetition of the same consonantsound in several words, usually at the beginningsof the words.

    A bird sang sweet and strongIn the top of the highest tree.

    He said, I pour out my heart in song

    For the summer that soon shall be.

    from Spring Song by George William Curtis

    Sound Effects

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    Assonancerepetition of the same vowel soundin several words.

    The baby moon, a canoe, a silver papoose canoe,

    sails and sails in the Indian west.A ring of silver foxes, a mist of silver foxes,

    sit and sit around the Indian moon.from Early Moon by Carl Sandburg

    Sound Effects

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    Find an exampleof each of type ofsound effect:

    Alliteration

    Assonance

    Onomatopoeia

    Sound Effects

    Quick Check

    Black riders came from the seaby Stephen Crane

    Black riders came from the sea.

    There was clang and clang of

    spear and shield,

    And clash and clash of roof and

    heel,

    Wild shouts and the wave of hair

    In the rush upon the wind:

    Thus the ride of Sin.

    [End of Section]

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    Find elements of poetry in the real world. List ten names. Identify the stressed and unstressed

    syllables. What tunes do the names make?

    Find political slogans that use rhyme andalliteration.

    Think of two exact rhymes and two approximaterhymes for ocean, wash, warm, beard, andpower.

    Describe the following scenes, usingonomatopoeia:

    a rainy, windy night

    a cat eating dry cat food

    Practice

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    The End

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