elements of poetry: sound devices
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DESCRIPTIONElements of Poetry: Sound Devices. 8th Grade English/Language Arts – Poetry Unit: Sound Devices - Blume. Take Cornell Notes. Title is POETRY: SOUND DEVICES. Your Name Today’s Date Blume ELA8 Period. Write words to be defined and types of poetic sound devices here. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Elements of Poetry: Sound Devices8th Grade English/Language Arts Poetry Unit: Sound Devices - Blume
*Take Cornell Notes.Your NameTodays DateBlume ELA8PeriodTitle is POETRY: SOUND DEVICESWrite words to be defined and types of poetic sound devices here.Write definitions, explanations, and some examples here.(For these notes, you do not need to use a summary space, as you see here.)
*AlliterationThe repetition of initial consonant sounds, in two or more neighboring words or syllables.The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we will walk by.Slowly, silently, now the moonWalks the night in her silver shoon;This way, and that, she peers, and seesSilver fruit upon silver trees-- from Silver by Walter de la Mare
How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? (almost ALL tongue twisters!)
* Hear the music of voices, the song of a bird, the mighty strains of an orchestra, as if you would be stricken deaf tomorrow. Touch each object as if tomorrow your tactile sense would fail. Smell the perfume of flowers - from Three Days to See by Helen KellerAlliteration examples
*AssonanceA repetition of vowel sounds within words or syllables.Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese.Free and easy.Make the grade. The stony walls enclosed the holy space.This one is usually NOT on the CST Test, but why not know it?!
*Assonance examplesPoetry is old, ancient, goes back far. It is among the oldest of living things. So old it is that no man knows how and why the first poems came. --Carl Sandburg, Early Moonon a proud round cloud in white high night- E. E. CummingsI made my way to the lake.
*The Eagleby Alfred Lord Tennyson
He clasps the crag with crooked hands; Close to the sun in lonely lands, Ring'd with the azure world, he stands.
The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls; He watches from his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls. Assonance example
*Repetition Words or phrases repeated in writings to give emphasis, rhythm, and/or a sense of urgency.
Example: from Edgar Allen Poes The Bells
To the swinging and the ringing of the bells, bells, bells Of the bells, bells, bells, bells Bells, bells, bells To the rhyming and the chiming of the bells!Think of all the songs you know where words and lines are repeated often a lot !
*Rhythm and MeterRhythm is the sound pattern created by stressed and unstressed syllables.The pattern can be regular or random.Meter is the regular patterns of stresses found in many poems and songs..Rhythm is often combined with rhyme, alliteration, and other poetic devices to add a musical quality to the writing.
*Rhythm and Meter continued Example:
I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree.
The purple words/syllables are stressed, and they have a regular pattern, so this poetic line has meter.
*RhymeThe repetition of end sounds in wordsEnd rhymes appear at the end of two or more lines of poetry.Internal rhymes appear within a single line of poetry.Ring around the rosies,A pocket full of posies,Abednego was meek and mild; he softly spoke, he sweetly smiled.He never called his playmates names, and he was good in running games;
*Rhyme SchemeThe pattern of end rhymes (of lines) in a poem.Letters are used to identify a poems rhyme scheme (a.k.a rhyme pattern).The letter a is placed after the first line and all lines that rhyme with the first line. The letter b identifies the next line ending with a new sound, and all lines that rhyme with it.Letters continue to be assigned in sequence to lines containing new ending sounds.a.k.a = also known asThis may seem confusing, but it isnt. Really!
*Rhyme Scheme continuedExamples:
Twinkle, twinkle little staraHow I wonder what you are.aUp above the earth so high,bLike a diamond in the sky.b
Baa, baa, black sheepa Have you any wool?b Yes sir, yes sir,c Three bags full.b
*Rhyme Scheme continuedWhat is the rhyme scheme of this stanza?
Whose woods these are I think I know.His house is in the village though;He will not see me stopping hereTo watch his woods fill up with snow.From Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost
*Did you get it right? aabaWhose woods these are I think I know. aHis house is in the village though; aHe will not see me stopping here bTo watch his woods fill up with snow. a
*OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like their meaning --- the sound they describe.buzz hiss roar meow woof rumble howl snap zip zap blip whack crack crash flutter flap squeak whirr.. pow plop crunch splash jingle rattle clickety-clack bam!Onomatopoeia is also considered a poetic sound device.