eoi_540187_vincenzo armenia

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EOI Part A + B Final Submission

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  • AIRARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO 2013

    VINCENZO ARMENIA 540187

  • ContentsCASE FOR INNOVATION

    About MeArchitecture As A DiscourseDiscourse PrecedentsComputation In ArchitectureComputational PrecedentsParametric Design AnalysisParametric PrecedentsConclusionLearning outcomesReferences

    DESIGN APPROACH

    PatternPrecedentsCase Study 1.0Case Study 2.0Algorithmic SketchesDesign MatrixPrototypingTechnique ProposalLearning Outcomes

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    252731354345475153

    A

    B

  • INTRODUCTION

    About MeMy Name is Vince Armenia, I am 20 years old and I am a third year Bachelor of Environments student with Architec-ture as my major.

    Throughout my education I have always loved design orientated subjects so I was drawn to architecture as a future career because of the possibility to be creative and innovative and potentially change the spaces we live in for the better.

    I love sport so being active is a major part of life outside university.

    I have had experience with Rhino through Virtual environ-ments in my first year of study but Grasshopper and Para-metric design is a new concept to me that I am looking forward to learning about and improving my skills. I have also worked with SketchUp as another 3D modelling tool.

    A

    21

    Past Projects

    lanterntheme: vine grow

    th on foreign structurevirtual environments 2011

    studley park boathousemaster architect: richard meierarchitecture studio: w

    ater 2012

  • A3 4

    [Architecture] encompasses all three categories: ar-tefacts, knowledge and practices - all understood ascommunications that connect to each other in an ongoing recursive network.1 Patrik Schumacher (Director of ZHA)

    As Schumacher explains above, to understand architecture as a discourse is to see it as a network of communications. By doing this we do not judge buildings merely as material entities and hence look at success and innovation in architectural practise solely through the physical construction of buildings. Instead success is measured through the debates, development of theories and generation of ideas that arise and contribute to the discourse.

    Richard Williams (Professor of Contemporary Visual Cultures at The University of Edinburgh) shares similar views to Schumacher in terms of discourse and communication being the best way to repre-sent architecture. He argues that the construction of buildings only play a, small part in the field of architecture2 implying the ability to realise design concepts in its physical form is not the quintessential role of the architect. Instead the architect has a range of roles and responsibilities in reference to cultural, social and political factors and contributions to the evolution of architectural practise itself. This does not necessarily allude to the successful construction of buildings but may also manifest in the forms of design theories or development of new design tech-niques and processes.

    I too feel that by looking at and judging architecture through built form we limit ourselves to possibilities of innovation. Why cant a design concept deemed impossible to be build contribute to the discourse?

    Does this not offer us a chance to improve our de-sign processes, generate new types of software and techniques and develop new ways of using our ma-terials? In my eyes the discourse acts as a forum in which innovation can be strived for and where ideas can be challenged and defended leading to a refine-ment and improvement in architectural practice

    This idea of the discourse being a generative forum also ties in with Schumachers theory of architecture as a network of communications that is autopoietic. This essentially means a network that is self produc-ing through its ongoing flows of communications.3

    The built form will always be a privileged type of architectural communication4 because of the needs of society for functional spaces to inhabit. However we must also consider the publications and research into design theory as important as the built form to ef-fectively promote innovation in architectural practice.

    The next few pages will look at precedents that have in some way, contributed to the discourse and prac-tice of architecture.

    DiscourseArchitecture As A

    "Buildings with no capacity to change can only become slums or ancient monuments"

    ARCHIGRAM

  • Astana

    Astana Kazakhstan

    National

    This variation allows for more or less direct sunlight to filter through the building depend-ing on the amount of shade or light required in particular areas of the building.

    BIG have described the patterned facade as ecological ornament7 through its sustainable regulation of thermal requirements as well as its cultural references to the traditional pat-terns of the Yurt structure.

    The Astana National Library has created a new precedent for which modern facades or ornament can be manipulated to adapt and react to specific site conditions while still offering ties to culture and visual communi-cation.

    knowledge6,as described by BIG, referring to the way collections of books and archives were to be organised with the unique and inno-vative circulation path this library possesses.

    The second innovative design approach was through the buildings facade. The buildings facade has been based on a Mobius strip. This single continuous skin transforms in function creating a sense of play in terms of how one interprets which parts of the facade are in fact acting as a wall, floor or roof.

    The differentiating pattern on the facade has been developed to respond to the impact of solar radiation on the building surface and internal spaces. An analysis of the thermal impact of the sun on the building envelope informed the patterning sequence of the dif-ferentiating openings.

    BIG (2008 - T

    O BE C

    OMPLET

    ED)

    A

    Library

    The Astana National Library offers a unique sensory experience for the users of this space, not only as a visually dynamic structure but also through how an individual circulates through the building.

    The buildings form is based on a perfectly shaped circle that has been interlocked with what the project team of BIG call, the public spiral.5 This spiralling circulatory path has allowed for the functions and program of the building to seaminglessly flow into each other as the individual circumambulates the building, naturally moving from lower levels to higher levels and indoor spaces to outdoor spaces. Horizontally organised programs be-come vertically organised programs, stacked up upon each other as the individual natu-rally moves up the public spiral. This idea of circumambulation was an important design idea as to create a, circular loop of

    65

    (Above) THERMAL MAPPING OF BUILDING ENVELOPE

  • CCTV Tower

    The CCTV Tower has contributed greatly to the discourse of architecture in the way it has delineated itself from the com-mon gestures of the skyscraper typology.

    The buildings form shies away from expressions of pronounced height and vertically organised programs to create a structural loop. This idea of a sky-scraper as a loop effectively creates an interconnected program that incorporates the multi-staged processes of TV produc-tion into a single free flowing circuit.

    Vertically organised functions of the building are broken by the horizontally organised cantilevered level which con-nects the two opposing towers together. The design is not only structurally in-novative but also innovative in respect to the way an individual circulates from one functional space to another, essentially moving in both the vertical and horizontal plane in one continuous loop.

    Because of this daring form a new struc-tural element manifested. The idea of a self supporting facade8. The external glass panels are fixed between a diagrid of triangulated steel tubes. These tubes form an irregular and unique pattern on the facade as the pattern reacts to the different levels of stress experienced on specific areas of the facade. Areas of greater stress resulted in a denser pat-tern of diagrids while the pattern became looser in areas where less support was required.9

    This allowed the facade to be attached to the main structural framework while exerting minimal amounts of stress onto it, as well becoming a visual representa-tion of the buildings structural form.

    The CCTV Tower has perhaps reinvent-ed and opened the discussion as to new ways our skyscrapers can be designed in terms of innovative forms, free flowing programs and structure.

    A

    Beijing China

    OMA (2012)

    87

    (Right) MULTILAYERED ORGANISATION OF

    'SELF-SUPPORTING' FACADE

  • ComputationIn Architecture

    A

    The potential to create new design typologies and continue to foster architecture as a discourse has never been so applicable than today. This is thanks to the rapid development of digital design tools and their ever growing capability to conceptualize, de-velop and fabricate design ideas.

    The integration of computation into the design pro-cess has conceived a new environment for architects and designers to explore the potential of a design idea. This is evident through the development of 3D modelling programs whereby the implications on performance or function of a structure can be anal-ysed in real time allowing a design to be pushed to the very limits of possible fabrication. Furthermore designers are able to look beyond these limitations and move into the unknown essentially developing unprecedented concepts that not only continue to push architecture as a discourse, but also push to develop software and digital design tools to perhaps one day rationalise design ideas once deemed im-possible to construct.

    While t