ESL Strategies for Content Area Teachers

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Instructional Strategies That Support ELL in the General Education Classroom

LaConti S. Bryant, M.Ed, Ed.S

This session will provide cross-curricular training in the area of literacy and mathematics for teachers of ELL student and students with language deficiencies. This presentation will focus on providing teachers with strategies that support and supplement their core reading and mathematics programs for meeting the needs of these students. The purpose for our learning today:I can explain how to use specific strategies to support language development in reading and math to support ELLs and general education students.

Brainstorm strategies you already use in your classroom that could benefit ELL students.

Language Development

Two foundational skills in order for ELLs to learn how to read English: Phonological Awareness and Phonics Knowledge (Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998; National Reading Panel, 2000)

Characteristics of English Language Learners

Beginners (No English Proficiency)PointNodding/Shaking HeadDrawMatchSelectCircleStateChooseAct OutLabelNameListAnswer yes/no ?s

Example Strategies/ActiviesLabel classroom Use Manipulatives/RealiaTotal Physical Response (TPR)Non-verbal role playRhymes, chants, songs, gamesPre-recorded storiesReading aloudChoral/echo reading

Hands-on projectsAuthors chairFlannel board storiesEnvironmental labelsWord banks/Word WallsThink-Pair-ShareModel Skills

Intermediate Students Can ( Good skills in English, but reading and comprehension need work)RecallRetellDefineDescribeCompareContrastSummarizeRestateAnswer QuestionsState OpinionsShare ThoughtsConverse at LengthComprehend Orally

Example Strategies/ActivitiesRole playing (verbal)Reading, reciting poetry, writingGroup discussionsRetelling storiesProcess writing, quick writes and dialogue journalsGraphic organizersSummarizingCompare and contrast stories and authorsUse real life objects or modelsProvide Prompts

Advanced Students CanAnalyzeCreateDefendDebateEvaluateJustifySupportExplainUse Extensive Vocabulary

Example Strategies/ExamplesAge appropriate reading and writingAnalyzing charts, graphs, and storiesPredicting outcomesSupporting and defending positions/opinionsEvaluating and judging processesUse the ABCs (Activity Before Content) of teaching. This will allow students to discover new concepts on their own which can make them more meaningfulIncorporate all learning modalities, including visual, aural, and tactile

Teaching Strategies

Engagement Strategies That Support Language Development (Teacher Strategies)Whip AroundModified Whip AroundThink-Pair-ShareTable TalkWhite Boards

Power Teaching/Whole Brain TeachingRemember ExCell Training? Direct and Explicit Instruction of Vocabulary.

Student StrategiesLiteracy-Reading Response JournalsLiteracy-Interactive Anchor Charts and Word WallsMath-Kim Sutton Math Songs as part of the introduction to the mathematics lesson. Math-Math Interactive Notebooks Math LiteratureMake learning VISUAL by usingInteractive Word WallsAnchor Charts

Language DevelopmentProviding multiple ways for students to work with new words enhances their understanding of those words (McKeown et al., 1985; Stahl, 1991). Associate new words with known words. Use new words in a sentence. Match definitions to new words. Use new words in different contexts. Provide students with multiple exposures to new words.

Questions?

Lets Have aGreat Year!

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