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    GDN 12TH ANNUAL GLOBA L DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE

    FINANCING DEVELOPMENT IN A POST-CRISIS W ORLD: THE NEED FOR A FRESHLOOK

    JANUARY 13-15, 2011UNI VERSITY OF BOGOTA, COLUM BIA

    FRO M BEIJING TO DOHA:FINANCING FOR GENDER EQUALITY

    & DEVELOPMENT IN PICS

    PRIYA CHATTIER

    THE UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTH PACIFIC

    FIJI ISLANDS

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    PacificIsland

    CountriesandTerritories

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    Towards a commo nunder standing of Gender Equality

    The concept of equality iscomplex. How to define and howto achieve are debated.

    Gender equality is not samenessof genders; but that all are equally

    valuable and entitled.

    Equal access to capabilities for

    men and women, freedom,opportunities, rights andresources are not restricted togender.

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    Com m itm ents to Gender Equality &W om ens Rights:

    The Beijing platform for action BPA +5 & BPA +10

    MDG 3 on Gender Equality

    CEDAW and human rights frameworksRegional commitments on Gender Equality (RPPA)

    National Commitments & Plans

    Anticipated outcom es

    Equitable progress on human development indicatorsincluding eliminated gender gaps

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    No single measur e is sufficient to capture entrench ed genderinequalities

    Data are selective or ab sentto capture gender gaps

    Variou s gender r elatedindices em phasize differentaspects

    - Gender-related DevelopmentIndex (GDI) & GenderEmpowerment Measure (GEM)

    - Global Gender Gap Index (GGI)

    - Social Institutions and GenderIndex (SIGI)

    - Gender Equity Index (GEI)

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    Source: World development indicators online, World Bank 2009

    1.00

    implies

    parity

    M=F

    1.00

    implies

    parity

    M=F

    Where the Region Stands?(Pacific often ranks low on gender indicators)

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    W om ens inheritance, safety and voiceare not guaranteed

    UNEQUAL INHERITANCE: More than 1/2 the countriesin South Pacific favour men with customary laws oninheritance that discriminate against women

    PERVASIVE GENDER BA SED VIOLENCE: More than60 per cent of the countries in the Pacific have no laws ondomestic violence

    RESTRICTED POLITICAL VOICE: The region has thelowest per cent of women parliamentarians in the world; thePacific has 4 of the 6 countries in the world with no womenparliamentarians.

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    Per cent of Farmland Owned by WomenRegional Comparisons

    Source: FAO agricultural census 1989 to 1999

    Women Earn Less than Men

    Ratio of Female-to-Male Estimated Earned Income inAsia-Pacific, 2007, US $ PPP

    Source: Based on UNDP Human Development Report 2009

    Hardly Any Women Farm Owners inAsia-Pacific

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    Political voice:Pacific is second from the bottom; only Arab states are lower

    Source: As of 30 June 2009, IPU

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    So why doesgenderm atter indevt. and

    devt.financing infragile statesof the

    Pacific?

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    RealityCheck?

    TranslatingGenderEqualityCommitmentsinto Pra ctice

    Laws passed on EVAW, Land rights, gender equality,etc. with no resources allocated for their implementationand/or enforcement;

    National Gender Policies and action plans donot define clear actions, are not costed, budgeted norlinked to sectoral budgeting.

    Mainstream Development Plans at national,sectoral, local (annual/medium term) do not adequatelyreflect gender issues.

    Institutions do not have the resources and capacitiesfor mainstream gender in planning and budgeting andM&E.

    Institutions with oversight role are not adequatelysupported.

    And generally, no data is systematically available tomonitor change in financing either quality or quantity.

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    Bringing equality w ithin reach:Paris Declaration & Aid Effectiveness Fram ew ork

    So what mightthe next decadehold for aideffectivenessanddelivery towardsgender equalitycommitmentsin the Oceanicregion?

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    1414Paris & Doha Declaration

    as strategic windows?

    Ownership

    Alignment

    Harmonization

    Managing forResults

    MutualAccountability

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    Pacific Leaders agreed in 2009 onCairns Compact for strenghtening Devt

    Coordination in the Pacific.

    2007 Pacific Principles of AidEffectiveness to ensure greater countryownership of devt. efforts andintegration of aid into implementation.

    Evidence on effectiveness of devt effortslacking in the Pacific.

    Only PNG participated in 2008 survey

    Monitoring the Paris Declaration.

    Samoa and Cook Is. will participate in2010 survey.

    Evidence of

    DevelopmentEffectivenessin thePacific

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    Thequestion isw hether ornot genderequ ality is

    one o f thedevt.priorities?

    (w her e ar ew omen in thisprocess?)

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    PNG CaseStudy inthe Pacific

    UNIFEM (UN Women) is piloting

    work on GE and aid effectiveness.

    First in the Pacific.

    Significant progress in localizing thePD principles & commitments on Aideffectiveness.

    E.g. PNG Long-Term Devt Strategy;PNG Commitment on AidEffectiveness; established forum onGE.

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    Research

    Objectives

    To explore the issues of gender equality& how it is captured and analysed in the

    implementation and review of PD on AidEffectiveness in 2 PICs (PNG andVanuatu)

    Comparative analysis of 2 countries onnational priorities for GE & WE selected

    in national devt strategies, donorcountry specific strategies &programmes.

    Good practices for supporting GE & WEthrough implementation of PD.

    Whether or not monitoring aideffectiveness through PD contributes torealisation of international, regional &national GE commitments.

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    1919 Secondary & primary data collection

    methods

    Lit review of govt policy papers, nationalbudget docs, PD on Aid Effectiveness inPacific, donor reports, and genderequality.

    Individual & focus-group interviewswith stakeholders (govt officials, donors,CSOs, womens machineries, academiaetc).

    Rapid assessments using secondarysources/data.

    Lit review of best practices andexamples or risks & opportunities.

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    ResearchMethods

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    20 Which donors are supportive of GE programmes?

    Commitment to the principles of nationalownership & mutual accountability?

    National plans & policies supporting GE?

    Donor gender mainstreaming?

    Donor programmes on GE?

    Gendered economic & policy analysis, datacollection & monitoring?

    Harmonization of donors in relation to GE?

    Role of CSOs & womens machineries in supportof GE programmes/plans etc

    ResearchQuestions

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    Movingforward:

    1. Make intern ational comm itments a reality!!

    2. PD on aid effectiveness useful framewor k for GE assessments.3. Holistic GE approach .

    4. Models of par tnersh ip across govt, CSOs, & donor s.

    5. Pathway for wo mens empow erm ent in PICs.

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    Thank you for listening