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This is an assignment written for Korean Culture and History at Global ITTP. It's describing our trip to Gongju National Museum and Buyeo National Museum.

TRANSCRIPT

Lets Visit Gongju National Museum

By : Riri Kusumarani / 20124309

Global IT Technology Program , Spring 2013

About Gongju

Gongju is located in coordinates 3627N 1277E, South

Chuncheong Province in South Korea. It was formerly

named Ungjin. Since 475 BC to 538 BC, Gongju was the

capital of Baekje Dynasty. According to Wikipedia, total

area of Gongju is 130,957 Km2 with 139.2/km2 density.

How to Get There?

By bus

Intercity buses service Gongju from both Daejeon's Seobu and Dongbu intercity bus terminals every 30 to 50 minutes with all also stopping by the Yuseong intercity terminal en route. Tickets from Yuseong cost 2900 won and take about 20 minutes.

Further services run every 45 minutes direct from Seoul for 8600 won, as well as from Osan, Suwon, Cheongju and Buyeo.

At the other end, Gongju's "Old" Intercity Bus Terminal is a mere 200 m south of the main entrance to Gongsan Fortress. Note that in open defiance of the label, the "old" bus terminal is still very much in use and far more central than the primary one, which is on the north bank of the Geumgang River, opposite Gongsan Fortress.

By car

The city is 125 km from Seoul and lies on the Cheonan-Nonsan Highway (route #25); switch from the Gyeongbu Highway (route #1) at Cheonan. Gongju is also accessible via route #36 from Cheongju and route #32 from Daejeon.

Gongju National Museum ( )

General Information

Tue-Fri: 9:00 am - 6:00 pm,

Sat, Sun, Holiday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm,

Monday: Closed (except holidays),

Sat (April through October): 9:00 am - 9:00 pm

The museum will be closed on January 1.

Admission is Free

Gongju National Museum is located nearby King Muryeongs Tomb and Gongsan Fortress. From

Daejeon to Gongju National Museum, we can use Daejeon Dongbu Terminal, Seobu terminal or

Yuseong Terminal. From Yuseong Terminal, it will takes around 30mins.

English Tour-guide is available if we reserve in advance. In Total, we need to spend around 2hrs

to completely see all exhibitions.

Below is the history of Gongju National Museum since 1934 until 2004:

Date/Year Description

1934 Gongju Historic Site Preservation Society is established. The group begins to collect and preserve artifacts related to Baekje.

May 5, 1939 After construction of the museum is completed,about 500 people participate in the inauguration ceremony at Ssangsusanseong (Gongsanseong).

September 1, 1939

The Association of Gongju Historical Artifacts officially establishes Gongju Museum.

1940 The Association of Gongju Historical Artifacts manages the construction of Sunhwadang, which is used for the exhibition hall of the newly opened Gongju Museum.

December 10, 1945

The name of the museum is changed to Gongju National Museum.

April 1, 1946 The museum officially becomes a branch of the National Museum of Korea.

October 12, 1973

The National Museum of Korea in Gongju re-opens in a new building.

August 20, 1975

The museum is re-organized, and the name is changed to Gongju National Museum.

May 14, 2004 The museum re-opens after moving into its current building, the Ungjin Complex

Whats Inside

When we first entered the

museum, we will see

information and the exhibition

room on the right side

Inside the museum are artifacts that

were dug from Tomb of King Muryeong.

In one section of the museum, theres a

replica of King Muryeongs Coffin with

actual size. This section also shows lots of

treasure from that tomb.

The first floor is divided into several sections. First section consists of Replica of King

Muryeongs Coffin and the room also decorated looks like inside the Tomb. Beside the coffins,

theres remaining woods taken from Tomb that was the original material of the coffin. Although

its already more than 7century, the wood still in a relatively good shape and not decayed.

Interesting thing about this coffin, that the tree that was being used to make the coffin is

originated from Japan. This is no wonder if we see that during King Muryeong era, Baekje

dynasty is closely related with Japan.

Nearby coffins, museums puts lots of jewelry such

as Kings head crown, Shoes, Earrings, Necklace

and lots of things. The interesting thing is the size

of Kings shoes is indeed very big. Tour guide

explain that was due to he had to wear so many

layers (probably like socks or other

materials) .Kings shoes also has spikes that is 10 in

number. It was expected that during that period, people had to survive during hard period. And

Spikes is representing the King is stepping the ground steadily and hardly.

The remaining Head crown was also made by pure gold.

Others jewelry was either made by silver or gold. In

Museum, theres earings of King Muryeongs which has

Jade at the end of the earrings.

The other sections of 1st floor showed Queens jewelry

with actual remaining jewelry taken from Tomb of King

Muryeongs. Several differences such as number of

spikes that Queens shoes are 9 instead of 10, and her earrings didnt have jade at the end. If

King Muryeongs has swords, Queen only have small dagger that was made by bronze. This was

suspected to be used for self-defense.

Still at the same floor, this museum

provides video room which showed

excavation process of the Tomb.

At the 2nd floor, Gongju national

museum exhibits pottery from

paleolitics era up until unified Silla.

This gallery was named Ancient

Culture of Chungcheongnam-do

which consisted relics from several

places in South Korea such as from Dunsan-dong (Daejeon). National treasure #247 ( Gilt-

bronze standing Avalokitesvara), #148 (Stone Basin from Daetongsa Temple Site) , #108(Stone

Buddha Traid Stele from Unified Silla) and #979(Stone Seated Budha) can be seen here.

There are many stone-made tools that is being displayed in 2nd

floor. One of them is a stone made chopping tool that is believed

to be used by people at that era to cut things. Beside Stone-made

tools, there are also bronze-made dagger that has height of

around 28cm.

This Buddha shaped has height around 24.8cm and was made of gold. It is

suggested that the origin was during Unified Silla period.

This lotus-shaped pedestal has the height of 100cm

List of Treasure in Museum

Below are list of treasure inside the museum. Information is gathered from internet and directly

from tour guide

Kings Item Queens Item

this item is founded from what archeology suggest Kings head. A crown made of pure gold with asymmetric design .:30.7cm, :14.0cm

Compared to Kings crown, Queens crown only have one item. Both were made of pure gold and designed inspired by lotus flower. :22.6cm

Another gold jewelry for the king : Hair pin. Long time ago, people at Baekje Dynasty was common to have long hair, even for man. This

Queens jewelry is more varied . The picture on the left is necklace and bracelets owned by the queen.

hairpin was used as ornaments and also to keep their hair neat. :18.4cm

As previously explained, the picture on the left side is Kings earrings with Jade at the end. Other parts was made of gold. :8.3cm

Queens earrings, is more sharply designed and without jade at the end. :11.8cm

The picture on the left is belt and ornaments. Its not in actual size because some of the part already decayed and difficult to re-arrange. :95.7cm

This ornaments shaped like a spoon was actually used to be attached in a piece of clothes such as linen. This is also become symbol of Baekje upper classes

Gilt-Bronzed Shoes of King Muryeongs has 10 spikes and very big in size. :35.0cm

Shoes design for both King and Queen is the same. Only, in queens shoes, number of spike is 9 instead of 10.

This is a foot-rest for the king where he usually put his foot when laying down. This thing was made of wood combined with bronze :38.0cm

These two items were evacuated from Queens coffin which is known to be head rest and foot rest. Although many historians believe that the head rest is impossible to use due to its design.

What left over from Kings sword. The circle ornaments looks like a yin-yang concept of Taoism. When exvacated, the round-shaped ornaments was

The queen is equipped by small dagger that she can kept in beside her garments. The size is no more than queens hand.

located on the left-hand side of the king. It was made with gilt-bronze.

This circle thing is supposed to be a mirror, but the glass is already diminished by time. This handcrafted mirror were made of cast-copper. :23.2cm,18.1cm

Gongsan Fortress

Gongsan Fortress (Gongsanseong, ). A

1500 year old mountain-top fortress looming

over the Geumgang River. You might need a

decent amount of imagination to get the most

out of this place, as much of the fortress is a

series fenced off grassy rectangles marking the

estimated site of the ancient Baekje Royal

Palace and associated structures. A decent amount of information is provided around the

various sites in both Korean and English.Ticket price for adul