Gorry Seminar Ott

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Technology transfert in France : an overview, Dr. B. Stanton, OTT-NIH, Bethesda, February 28, 2006.

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<ul><li> 1. </li></ul> <p> 2. 3. Plan </p> <ul><li>French research in the EEC </li></ul> <ul><li>French research organization </li></ul> <ul><li>Allegre Law </li></ul> <ul><li>Plan for Innovation </li></ul> <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul> <ul><li>Pitfalls for US R&amp;D contractors </li></ul> <p> 4. Innovation &amp; Research in the EEC Number of patents granted by the United States Patent &amp; Trademark Office (USPTO) per million inhabitants , Structural Indicators database. EU25 20 20 80 110 140 170 200 230 260 290 320 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Japan United States EU15 5. The objectives of Lisbon Strategy Objectives : Teaching and Researchingare the heart of the strategy defined at Lisbon Meeting in March 2000, for a transition toward aKnowledge-based Economyin 2010</p> <ul><li>Creation of: </li></ul> <ul><li>- knowledge-based society </li></ul> <ul><li>European research area </li></ul> <ul><li>favourable environment for innovation in SMEs </li></ul> <p> 6. France and R&amp;D : a factsheet </p> <ul><li>France : 60 M inhabitants </li></ul> <ul><li>GDP per capita in purchasing power standards</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>= 105 % of theEU average in 2002 </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>R&amp;D expenditures : 1,4-2,2 % of GDP </li></ul> <ul><li>R&amp;D funding : 2,25 % of GDP </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>1 % from government and NGO </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>1,25 % from companies </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>2 types of institutions directly involved in research operations </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>National research organizations (CNRS, INSERM, ) </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Institutions of higher education (University, Grandes Ecoles) </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Defense research, nuclear, space &amp; aeronautics, basic and technological research </li></ul> <p> 7. BUSINESS EXPENDITURE ON R&amp;D 8. Ministre dlgu de la recherche </p> <ul><li>Ministere de lEducation nationale, de lenseignement superieur et de la recherche </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>youth </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>education </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Research </li></ul> <ul><li>Technology and Innovation </li></ul> <ul><li>New Technologies </li></ul> <ul><li>THE ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES: </li></ul> <ul><li>To create a legal environment </li></ul> <ul><li>To adopt new rules when necessary </li></ul> <ul><li>To assist the researchers </li></ul> <ul><li>To explain and explain again </li></ul> <p> 9. Organisation of the Research in France </p> <ul><li>Public Research (fundamental) </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Large public organisations:</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>CNRS, INRA, INSERM, etc. </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Universities and Grandes Ecoles (engineering &amp; commercial schools, etc.) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Private Research (applied) </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Large companies:</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>EADS, TotalFinaElf, Michelin, Thales, etc. </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>SMEs less active </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 10. Public researchers in France </p> <ul><li>Civil servantsduring all their professional life </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>No risk of loss of employment</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Continuity in research themes </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li> But lack of reactivity! (few project funding) </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 11. Public research &amp; links to industry </p> <ul><li>Large enterprisespart of aGlobal Market : </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Research needs are international </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>with short term financial objectives! </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>(Links not very popular among public researchers ) </li></ul> <ul><li>Long term researchto be done bypublic organisations: </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Weakly linked to needs </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Insufficient transfer toward SMEs </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 12. </p> <ul><li>Located in the Aquitaine Region, in the South West of France. </li></ul> <ul><li>Scientific, cultural and professional public establishment </li></ul> <ul><li>Medical schools, Faculty of Biology, Human Science dispilines </li></ul> <ul><li>3 geographical sites </li></ul> <ul><li>Number of students 16.000(</li></ul>