greek drama and oedipus rex intro to myth. greek theater

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  • Greek Drama and Oedipus RexIntro to Myth

  • Greek Theater

  • Greek Theatre: Main components

    Theatron: literally, the watching placeOrchestra: literally, the dancing placeSkene: scene, or backdrop

  • Actors3 Actors, all menVarious rolesWore masksElaborate gestures, over-acting

  • Chorus12-15 menSang and danced (sort of) the odesOne of the chorus may also play a part in the actual play

  • Structure of Greek Drama

  • PrologueThe exposition of the play.The Prologues purpose is to give background information to situate the conflict.

  • The OdesServe to separate one scene from another (since there were no curtains in Greek theaters).Also allowed the choruss response to the preceding scene.

  • Parts of the OdeStrophe part of the ode that the chorus chants as it moves from right to left across the stage.Antistrophe part of the ode chanted as the chorus moves back across the stage from left to right.

  • Parodos (first ode)Choral song chanted by the chorus as they enter the area in front of the stage.

  • First SceneFollowing the Parodos, the first scene presents the conflict of the play.

  • Paean (follows scene 5)A hymn in praise of a god.

  • ExodosFinal scene of the play.

  • Oedipus Rex

  • Aristotles Definition of TragedyAny serious and dignified drama that describes a conflict between the hero (protagonist) and a superior force (antagonist)Reaches a sorrowful conclusion that arouses pity or fear in the audience (catharsis)

  • Recognition and ReversalRecognition is a change from ignorance to knowledge.The new knowledge often identifies an unknown relative or dear one whom the hero should cherish but was about to harm or has just harmed.Reversal is a change of a situation to its opposite.

  • Characteristics of the Tragic HeroThe tragic hero:Is not all good or badIs of the noble class or highly renowned and prosperousHas a tragic flawRecognizes his error and accepts the consequencesArouses the audiences pity and fear

  • Sophocles495-406 B.C.E.Born in Colonus, in AtticaLived during the Peloponnesian War (Athens v. Sparta)431-404 B.C.E.429: Writes Oedipus RexThe play shows his anger about his societys turning away from the gods

  • Plot SummaryOedipus Rex is the story of a king of Thebes upon whom a hereditary curse is placed and who therefore has to suffer the tragic consequences of fate.

  • Oedipusprotagonisthis name means swollen-foothe inspires both pity and fearhe is wise, revered by his subjects, and dedicated to the discovery of truth

  • Jocasta (Iocaste)the wife of Oedipusshe alternately condemns and upholds the authority of the oracles as best suits the direction of the argument at the momentSymbolic of Sophocles culture

  • LaiosFormer King of ThebesDied before the beginning of the playOedipus married Laios wife and inherited his throne

  • CreonBrother of Jocasta2nd in command in Thebes

  • TeiresiasBlind prophet of ApolloHighly regarded by most Greeks

  • Polybos and MeropeKing and Queen of CorinthRaised Oedipus

  • Antigone and IsmeneDaughters of Oedipus and JocastaPresent in the play, but they do not speak

  • Chorusmen of Thebes who honor and respect the king and the godstheir odes reveal both a strong attachment to the king as well as grounding in religious culturechoral odes bring an additional viewpoint to the play