health literacy toolkit · pdf file 2018-06-28 · healthy eating plate &...

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  • Health Literacy Toolkit

    A resource that provides important health

    and wellness information impacting your

    community.

  • 2

    Doctor’s Visits 3

    Medication 8

    Nutrition 12

    Recipes 16

    Exercise/Activity 18

    Diabetes 20

    Blood Pressure 24

    Sodium 26

    Thyroid 28

    Smoking 30

    Table of Contents

  • 3

    H e a l t h

    L i t e r a c y

    Health Literacy

    “The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process

    and understand basic health information needed to make appropriate

    health decisions.”

    (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, n.d.)

    Health literacy is important because it affects people’s

    ability to:

    • Navigate the healthcare system

    • Share personal information with providers

    • Engage in self-care and chronic disease management

    • Adopt healthy behaviors

    • Act on health-related news and announcements

    Benefits of Health Literacy:

    • Improved communication

    • Better treatment adherence

    • Improved self-care

    • Improved health status

    • Improved efficiency

    • Cost savings

    • Does not necessarily require additional resources

    • Better health & treatment outcomes

  • 4

    What To Ask Your Doctor

  • 5

    What To Ask Your Doctor

  • 6

    Improving Your Visits

  • 7

    Improving Your Visit

  • 8

    M e d

    i c a t i o

    n

    Medication Adherence

    Medication Adherence Facts:

    • Approximately 50% of people with chronic diseases do

    not take medications as prescribed.

    • 16% of patients fail to fill a new prescription.

    • About 50% of patients stop taking a drug after 6

    months

    • 33%-69% of hospital readmissions are due to non-

    adherence

    Types of Poor Medication Adherence:

    • Intentional: Trying to save money, had side

    • effects, felt it wasn’t working, didn’t think it was

    necessary, didn’t like taking it

    • Unintentional: Forgot, ran out, away from home

  • 9

    Improving Medication Adherence

    Remembering to take your medicine:

    • Use of:

     Pillboxes

     Blister Packs

    • Make it a routine

     Set alarms

     Phone reminder

     Medication log

  • 10

    Medication and Your Hair Did you know that it is a good practice to talk to

    your stylist about your medications? Many pre-

    scription medications can impact your hairs

    health especially when accompanied by certain

    styling treatments.

    Certain medications can contribute to excess hair

    growth, changes in hair color or texture, or

    even hair loss.

    Your stylist may be able to recommend special

    care for your hair based on your specific needs.

    What types of medications cause hair loss?

    Many different types of medicines are thought to cause hair loss,

    including some of the following types of medications:

    • Acne medications

    • Antibiotics and antifungal medi-

    cations

    • Antidepressants

    • Oral contraceptives

    • Anticoagulants (' blood thinners')

    • Cholesterol-lowering medications

    • Immunosuppressant medications

    • Chemotherapy medications

    • Anticonvulsants (epilepsy medica-

    tions)

    • Anti-hypertensives (high blood

    pressure medications)

    • Hormone replacement therapy -

    estrogen or progesterone for

    women, androgens

    and testosterone for men

    • Interferons

    • Mood stabilizers

    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

    medications ( NSAIDs)

    • Parkinson's disease medications

    • Steroids

    • Thyroid medications

    https://www.webmd.boots.com/nhs/antibiotics https://www.webmd.boots.com/depression/guide/antidepressants https://www.webmd.boots.com/heart-disease/guide/warfarin-heparin-blood-thinners https://www.webmd.boots.com/cholesterol-management/default.htm https://www.webmd.boots.com/menopause/guide/hormone-replacement-q-a https://drugs.webmd.boots.com/drugs/drug-384-progesterone.aspx?drugid=384&drugname=progesterone&istictac=false https://drugs.webmd.boots.com/drugs/drug-455-testosterone.aspx?drugid=455&drugname=testosterone&istictac=false https://www.webmd.boots.com/osteoarthritis/guide/how-anti-inflammatory-medicines-work https://www.webmd.boots.com/a-to-z-guides/parkinsons-causes https://www.webmd.boots.com/women/guide/thyroid-problems-causes-diagnosis-treatment

  • 11

    Medication and Your Hair

  • 12

    Benefits of Cooking at Home vs. Take Out

    • We cook using less calories, so ultimately it’s healthier – AND you

    know what’s in your food.

    • The cost of cooking at home is much less than if you were to go out

    for dinner. A typical meal for 4 can be prepared for less than $30.

    N u

    t r i t i o

    n

    Nutrition

    Portion Distortion – Since

    the 1950’s, portion sizes have

    more than doubled according

    to the US Department of

    Agriculture

  • 13

    Nutrition

  • 14

    Key Tips For Improving Your Nutrition:

    • Make half of your plate fruits and veggies.

    • Make at least half of your grains whole.

    • Switch to skim or 1% milk.

    • Vary your protein food choices.

    Nutrition

    Healthy Eating Plate & Healthy Eating Pyramid The Healthy Eating Plate, created by nutrition experts at Harvard School of Pub- lic Health and editors at Harvard Health Publications, was designed to address deficiencies in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s MyPlate. The Healthy Eating Plate provides detailed guidance, in a simple format, to help people make the best eating choices.

    U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s

  • 15

    Nutrition & Activity

  • 16

    R e c i p

    e s

    Quick Recipes

  • 17

    Quick Recipes

  • 18

    A c

    t i v

    i t y

    Quick Exercises

    www.draxe.com

  • 19

    Quick Exercises

    10 Minute Home Workouts

  • 20

    D i a b

    e t e s

    The condition in which the body does not properly process food for

    use as energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose or sugar,

    for our bodies to use for energy. (Center For Disease Control)

    Diabetes

    Facts About Diabetes: • The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a

    hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.

    • When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should.

    • This causes sugars to build up in your blood. This is why many people refer to diabetes as “sugar.”

    • Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

    • Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.

    How prevalent is diabetes among Black People?

    • Blacks are 1.7 times as likely to develop diabetes as whites

    • The prevalence of diabetes among blacks has quadrupled during the past 30 years

    • Among black people age 20 and older, about 2.3 million have diabetes – 10.8% of that age group

    • Black people with diabetes are more likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop diabetes and to experience greater disability from diabetes-related complications such as amputations, adult blindness, kidney failure, and increased risk of heart disease and stroke;

    • Death rates for blacks with diabetes are 27% higher than for whites.

  • 21

    Diabetes

  • 22

    Diabetes

  • 23

    Diabetes

    What are the symptoms of diabetes?

    People who think they might have diabetes must visit a physician for

    diagnosis. They might have SOME or NONE of the following symptoms:

    • Frequent urination

    • Excessive thirst

    • Unexplained weight loss

    • Extreme hunger

    • Sudden vision changes

    • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet

    • Feeling very tired much of the time

    • Very dry skin

    • Sores that heal slowly

  • 24

    Blood Pressure B

    l o

    o d

    P r e s s u

    r e

  • 25

    Blood Pressure

    Blood Pressure & Sodium (Salt)

    The American Heart Association recommends no more

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