Innovating for the future

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<ul><li> 1. Innovating for the Future Dr Abdul RahimFIMarESTFRINA9-10 March 2011Marine Propulsion Conference 2011 Japans National Initiative to Meet the Global Emission Challenge</li></ul> <p> 2. Policy of ClassNKs R&amp;D Activities </p> <ul><li>Joint R&amp;D Projects with industry</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>(Japans 22 National Projects) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Self-coordinated R&amp;D Projects </li></ul> <ul><li>Improvement of ship safety </li></ul> <ul><li>Growth of the maritime industry </li></ul> <p>Practical R&amp;D Promotion Division for further promotion of R&amp;D activities (Established on 1 April 2009) 3. Japans 22 National Projects </p> <ul><li>Project Period:2009 ~ 2012</li></ul> <ul><li>Target:Development of greenship technologies </li></ul> <ul><li>with30% reduction in CO2 emission </li></ul> <ul><li>compared to existing ships </li></ul> <p>Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourisminitiated 22 National R&amp;D Projects for Reduction of CO2 from Ships ClassNKparticipates in 19 projects as part of R&amp;D activities contributing2.2 billion Yen (Approx. $25 million) $1.00=Yen90 4. Maritime GHG Reduction Projects Japanese Government / Industry / NPO Joint Research Program 5. Project Categories CategoryNo. of Projects # of NK Projects Development of OptimumHull Form 4 2 Reduction ofHull Friction 3 3 Improvement ofPropulsive Efficiency 3 3 Improvement ofEngine Efficiency &amp; Waste Heat Recovery 4 4 Improvement ofOperational Efficiency 5 5 Hybrid Electric Power / Use of Natural Energy 3 2 Total 22 19 6. </p> <ul><li>1.Micro-bubble Lubrication System</li></ul> <ul><li>2.Low Resistance Coating </li></ul> <ul><li>3.Improving Propulsive Efficiency </li></ul> <ul><li>4.Waste Heat Recovery </li></ul> <ul><li>5.Hybrid Turbo Charger </li></ul> <ul><li>6.Renewable Energy (Solar, Wind) </li></ul> <ul><li>7.Large Capacity Battery / </li></ul> <ul><li>Solar Panel Hybrid System </li></ul> <ul><li>8.Operational Measures </li></ul> <p>Todays Highlights 7. Reduction of Hull Friction Air lubrication system Bubbles generatedby blower reduce the frictional resistance between the vessels bottom and the sea water. Estimated CO2 Reduction : 10% Already installed on heavy lift vessels YAMATAI built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.Will also undergo verification tests on a bulk carrier.</p> <ul><li><ul><li>C/O MHI </li></ul></li></ul> <p>M/V Yamatai, M/V Yamato Length overall: 162.0m Beam: 38.0m Max. draught: 6.34m Gross ton: 14,538GT Deadweight: 19,500 DWT 8. Hull Friction(Extremely Low Resistance Paint) 9. Improving Propulsive efficiency MT-FAST MTI / Tsuneishi Holdings Hub Vortex FreeCap (HVFC) MHI PBCF (Propeller Boss Cap Fins) Mitsui OSK Techno-Trade Contra Rotating Propeller Surf-Bulb (Rudder Bulb System) 10. Hyd. Pump Reduction Gear Hyd. Motor THS </p> <ul><li>Hyd. Pump fittedon T/C </li></ul> <ul><li>Hyd. Motor fitted on crank shaft </li></ul> <ul><li>Hyd. ControlSystem </li></ul> <p>Reduction Gear Waste Heat Recovery T/C Hyd. Pump Crankshaft Hyd. Pump(diverted from aircraft hyd. Pump) Compact Turbo Hydraulic System (THS) by MES M/E 11. High Revolution Hyd. Pump(diverted from aircraft hyd. Pump) Reduction Gear Hyd. Motor T/C 90% 90% Waste Heat Recovery Compact Design MES has made test models successfully and Verification Test is ongoing. Control Panel Turbo Hydraulic System (THS) by MES 12. Generator Compressor TurbineCoupling Source : MHI Giho VOL.44 NO.1: 2007 blade M/E Hybrid Turbo Charger Compact high revolution permanent magnet generator (T/C with built-in Generator) MHI / MET83MAG 13. Hybrid Turbocharger MET83MAG G G MSB AC 450V 60Hz G Engine Efficiency &amp; Waste Heat Recovery can supply electric power on Capesize Bulk Carrier without running diesel generators during normal sea-goingOnboard test slated for 2011 Generator Converter Inverter DC 700V AC 14. </p> <ul><li>PCC AURIGA LEADER </li></ul> <ul><li>328 PV (Photo Voltaic) </li></ul> <ul><li>cell panels (40kW)</li></ul> <p>Renewable Energy - Solar Power </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Source NYKWebsite </li></ul></li></ul> <p>DC/AC Engine Ships Load Switch board PV Cell G 15. Large Capacity Battery /Solar Panel Hybrid System </p> <ul><li>Photo Voltaic Cell (Solar Battery) and Large Capacity Battery</li></ul> <p>DC/AC Engine Ships Load Switch board PV Cell Battery G MOL : Lithium Ion Battery NYK: Nickel Hydrogen Battery (Gigacell / KHI) 16. MOL Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy Main Switchboard 200kW PV Cell Panel Power converter 200kW Charge controller Li-Ion Battery 3000kWHr DC-DC converter DC-AC inverter Diesel Generators Ships Service Load 640kW/800kVA Power management Optimize dieselgenerator operation Charge/discharge control 17. MOL : Hybrid Ships Power Supply System with P-V cell / Li-Ion battery Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy </p> <ul><li>Development of power management control </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Charging and discharging control of Li-Ion battery </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Diesel generator loading control to reduce fuel consumption </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Targets for zero emission during port operation </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Li-Ion battery to supply ships service loads </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Without running diesel generator </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 18. Hybrid Electric Power / Natural Energy - High Charge/Discharge Efficiency - Maintenance-Free Sealed Structure - 50 smaller &amp; 30% lighterthan lead or cadmium battery MV Auriga LeaderNYK : Hybrid Ships Power Supply System with P-V cell / Gigacell (Nickel Hydrogen) battery Stack Single cell Partition Separator Single cell Bipolar-3D StructureFormer Nickel-metal hydride battery Gigacell Battery(KHI)Separator Positive electrodeNegative electrodeNegative electrode Positive electrode 19. Operational Measures Efficiency Improvement by Operational Efforts</p> <ul><li>Optimization of Operating plan for each ship or fleet </li></ul> <ul><li>Speed Reduction </li></ul> <ul><li>Weather Routing </li></ul> <ul><li>Just in Time arrival in Port </li></ul> <ul><li>Maintenance of Hull </li></ul> <ul><li>Maintenance of Engine </li></ul> <ul><li>etc. </li></ul> <p>Operational Measures are feasible to existing ships Weather Info. provider Weather Info. Search Optimum Route Weather Routing 20. Optimum Weather Routing System Source : site of Voyage support system Sea-Navi Universal Shipbuilding Corporation site of FujiSankei Business i. ShorePlanning of optimum route and speed considering: - Weather forecast / Weather monitoring - Ships individual propulsion characteristics / Performance monitoring (slamming, propeller lacing, etc. Shortening of optimum route searching timeFastest Economy 21. Development of Energy Saving Ship</p> <ul><li>Development of Optimum Hull Form </li></ul> <ul><li>Reduction of Hull Friction </li></ul> <p>Aims to reduce fuel oil consumption/CO2 emissionsby 40~50% in the future Japanese shipyards are developing new ship designs for reducing fuel oil consumption/CO2 emission </p> <ul><li>Improvement of Propulsive Efficiency </li></ul> <ul><li>Improvement of Engine efficiencyand waste heat recovery system </li></ul> <p>Container Ship MHI MALS14000 - CS Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30%200Ton/day -&gt; 130Ton/day (completed the conceptual design) IHI MU efuture 310 T Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30%(completed the conceptual design) Tanker Bulk Carrier Mitsui NeoSupramax 66BC (launched onto the market) Reduce fuel oil consumption by 30%35Ton/day -&gt; 25Ton/day 22. Advanced Energy Efficient Designs Energy Saving &amp; Environmental friendly eFuture 13000C Concept 13,000TEU Container 56,000 DWT Bulk Carrier 310,000 DWT Tanker 23. 30% reduction of GHG by integrating the following technologies. </p> <ul><li>21% reduction by Improvement on Propulsive Performance </li></ul> <p>Twin-skeg hull form (rudder fin and bulb), Forward bridge, Front bonnet, Rudder bulb, Low friction coating and Tip rake propeller </p> <ul><li>10% reduction by Improvement on propulsion plant efficiency </li></ul> <p>Electronically controlled diesel engine, Variable nozzle area turbo charger and Waste heat recovery system </p> <ul><li>1% reduction by application of natural energy </li></ul> <p>Photovoltaic panel eFuture 13000C : 13,000TEU Container Carrier 24. 30% reduction of GHG by integrating the following technologies. </p> <ul><li>Whale Back Bow </li></ul> <ul><li>Electronically controlled diesel engine </li></ul> <ul><li>Variable nozzle area turbo charger</li></ul> <ul><li>Waste heat recovery system </li></ul> <ul><li>Single-screw, twin-engine propulsion system </li></ul> <ul><li>Contra-Rotating Propeller </li></ul> <p>IHIMU estimates that the initial cost of these new systems will be recouped within 5 or 6 years eFuture 310T Tanker &amp; 56B Bulk carrier 25. Through effective Technical &amp; Operational measures, it is not a dream to achieve 50% fuel oil reduction / reduction in CO 2emissions + Optimized Operation Energy Efficient Technologies can counterrising fuel oil costs and can reduce CO 2emissions Possibility of reducing fuel oil consumption/CO 2emissions High-performance hull form Air Lubrication System Electronicallycontrolled main engine, heat recovery system New twin-engine, twin-screw propulsion system Overall CO 2reduction ratio35% Hull form &amp; Propulsion system Engine plant Air LubricationSystem 26. </p> <ul><li>Development of engine assisted sailing ship </li></ul> <ul><li>1/3 fuel consumption compared with engine driven ship </li></ul> <p>Tokyo University, NYK, MTI, MOL, Oshima Shipyard, Teijin, ClassNK Cape Size Bulk Carrier:180,000DWT LxBxD:300x50x16 Service Speed:14kt Sail Area:9,000m 2(1,000 2x 9) Another Joint Industry ProjectWind Challenger OCT/2009 MAR/2012 2.5 years Purpose Participants Particular of Ship Duration 27. Wind Challenger Project Telescopic Reef Mechanism Wind Driven Bulk Carrier on Voyage Wind Driven Bulk Carrier in Port 9 CFRP hard wing sails which can rotate 360 degrees to meet wind direction 28. Probability of CO2 reduction 29. Probability of CO2 reduction 30. What ClassNK does </p> <ul><li>ClassNK actively contributes to the development of EEDI and EEOI </li></ul> <ul><li>Verification of EEDI for new ships </li></ul> <ul><li>(In cooperation with Japanese Industry) </li></ul> <ul><li>EEOI Calculation &amp; Analysis Software for new and existing ships </li></ul> <p> 31. EEDI Verification on Newbuildings In 2009ClassNKconductedEEDI verification trialsfor two actual ships in close coordination with Japanese shipping industry. (MEPC60/4/5) MUSANAH Kind of ship :LPG Carrier Gross tonnage:47,985 GT Deadweight:55,028 tons MCR of M/E: 13,700kW x 104rpm SHIN KORYU Kind of ship: Bulk Carrier Gross tonnage: 106,367 GT Deadweight:207,991 tons MCR of M/E 16,610kW x 81rpm 32. ClassNK EEOI Software ClassNK is now developing EEOI calculation and analysis system PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI . Official release is scheduled for April 2011 ClassNK will provide EEOI appraisal service using this system Data Transmission ClassNK User of Ship Company EEOI Calculation Service Data Storage EEOI Onboard EEOI Web 33. PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI EEOI Calculation System PrimeShip-GREEN/EEOI Basic Functions of System </p> <ul><li>Trend Graph of EEOI, CO 2emission, etc. </li></ul> <ul><li>EEOI Target Setting </li></ul> <ul><li>EEOI Comparison in Fleet </li></ul> <ul><li>Benchmarking </li></ul> <p> 34. Conclusion </p> <ul><li>ClassNK actively participates in developing Green technologies to reduce GHG at IMO and elsewhere </li></ul> <ul><li>Japans22 National Projectsfor reducing GHG emission from ships are surely and steadily progressing 30% reduction in CO2 emission Existing Ship </li></ul> <ul><li>ClassNK participates in 19 of the 22 projectsoffering approx. Yen 2.2 billion ($25 million) </li></ul> <ul><li>ClassNK provides clients withrational rules and guidelines on the new Green-Ship Technologiesreflecting the outcomes of joint R&amp;D </li></ul> <p> 35. Thank you ! </p>

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