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Technical Handbook

Worldwide Level and Flow SolutionsSM

This Technical Handbook is the result of a combined effort by the Engineering, Sales, and Marketing Departments.

Table of ContentsConversions Metric Values................................................................................1 Metric Prefixes..............................................................................1 Temperature .................................................................................2 Flow Rate .....................................................................................3 Miscellaneous...............................................................................5 Equivalents Liquid Measures and Weights....................................................12 Kinematic Viscosity ....................................................................12 Absolute Viscosity ......................................................................13 Electrical Units............................................................................13 Degrees API and Degrees Baum.............................................14 Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity ................................................15 Pressure and Head ....................................................................16 Properties Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids ......................17 Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases .......................18 Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water.......................19 Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water ...........20 Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products .....................................21 Density of Air ..............................................................................22 Speed of Sound .........................................................................22 Dielectric Constants of Liquids...................................................23 Dielectric Constants of Solids ....................................................29 Viscosity of Gases and Vapors ..................................................30 Viscosity of Water and Steam ....................................................31 Viscosity of Various Liquids........................................................31 Viscosity of Petroleum Products ................................................32 Pipe Data Dimensions of Blind Flanges......................................................33 Flange Ratings by Class ............................................................35 Cast Iron Pipe ............................................................................38 Steel Pipe ...................................................................................39

All reasonable efforts have been made to accurately compile the information contained in this handbook. However, no warranty is made with regard to any such information, and Magnetrol cannot assume responsibility for any possible errors or any direct or indirect result of the use of such information.

Conversions: Metric ValuesThe table below provides a fast and easy means of conversion from one metric notation to another. The value labeled Unit represents a basic unit of measurement, such as meter, gram, ohm, erg, etc. First, locate the original value in the left-hand column. Follow the row horizontally to the vertical column headed by the prefix of the desired value. The arrow and figure at this intersection represent the direction in which the decimal point should be moved and the number of places to move it. Example: Convert 0.15 kilowatts to watts. Starting at the Kilo- box in the left-hand column, move horizontally to the column headed by Unit (since watt is a basic unit of measurement), and read 3 . Thus 0.15 kilowatts is the equivalent of 150 watts. Example: Convert 4,500 kilohertz to megahertz, read in the box horizontal to Kilo- and under Mega- the notation 3, which means a shift of the decimal point three places to the left. Thus, 4,500 kilohertz is the equivalent of 4.5 megahertz.

Original Value TeraGigaMegaMyriaKiloHectoDekaUnit DeciCentiMilliMicroNanoPico-

Desired Value Tera3 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 21 24 Giga3 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 15 18 21 Mega6 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 12 15 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 13 16 Myria8 5 2 Kilo9 6 3 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 12 15 Hecto- Deka10 11 7 8 4 5 2 3 1 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 1 2 3 4 7 10 13 Unit 12 9 6 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 6 9 12 Deci13 10 7 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 5 8 11 Centi14 11 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 4 7 10 Milli15 12 9 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3 6 9 Micro18 15 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 3 6 Nano21 18 15 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 3 3 Pico24 21 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 6 3

Conversions: Metric Prefixesatto. . femto pico . nano. micro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a . . . . . . . one-quintillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . f. . . . . . . . one-quadrillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p . . . . . . . one-trillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . n . . . . . . . one-billionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one-millionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one-thousandth one-hundredth . one-tenth . . . . . one . . . . . . . . . ten . . . . . . . . . . one one one one one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 000 000 000 000 001 ..............................1018 000 000 000 001 ......................................1015 000 000 001 ..............................................1012 000 001.......................................................109 001...............................................................106

milli. . . . . . . . . . . . . m. centi . . . . . . . . . . . . c . deci . . . . . . . . . . . . d . uni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . deka . . . . . . . . . . . . da hecto kilo . . mega giga . tera. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . h. k . M. G. T.

0.001 .......................................................................103 0.01 .........................................................................102 0.1 ...........................................................................101 1.0 ...........................................................................100 10.0 ...........................................................................101 100.0 ...........................................................................102 000.0 ...........................................................................103 000.0 ...........................................................................106 000.0 ...........................................................................109 000.0 ...........................................................................1012

hundred. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . thousand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 million . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 billion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 trillion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000

1

Conversions: TemperatureLocate temperature in middle column. If in degrees Celsius, read Fahrenheit equivalent in right hand column; if in degrees Fahrenheit, read Celsius equivalent in left hand column.

459.4 to 0 C 273.1 268 262 257 251 246 240 234 229 223 218 212 207 201 196 190 184 179 173 169 168 162 157 151 146 140 134 129 123 118 112 107 101 96 90 84 79 73 68 62 57 51 46 40 34 C F 459.7 450 440 430 420 410 400 390 380 370 360 350 340 330 320 310 300 290 280 273.1 270 260 250 240 230 220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 F C 17.2 16.7 16.1 15.6 15.0 14.4 13.9 13.3 12.8 12.2 11.7 11.1 10.6 10.0 9.4 8.9 8.3 7.8 7.2 6.7 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.4 3.9 3.3 2.8 2.2 1.7 1.1

1 to 60 C F 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 62 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 F 33.8 35.6 37.4 39.2 41.0 42.8 44.6 46.4 48.2 50.0 51.8 53.6 55.4 57.2 59.0 60.8 62.6 64.4 66.2 68.0 69.8 71.6 73.4 75.2 77.0 78.8 80.6 82.4 84.2 86.0 87.8 89.6 91.4 93.2 95.0 96.8 98.6 100.4 102.2 104.0 105.8 107.6 109.4 111.2 113.0 114.8 116.6 118.4 120.2 122.0 123.8 125.6 127.4 129.2 131.0 132.8 134.6 136.4 138.2 140.0 C 16.1 16.7 17.2 17.8 18.3 18.9 19.4 20.0 20.6 21.1 21.7 22.2 22.8 23.3 23.9 24.4 25.0 25.6 26.1 26.7 27.2 27.8 28.3 28.9 29.4 30.0 30.6 31.1 31.7 32.2 32.8 33.3 33.9 34.4 35.0 35.6 36.1 36.7 37.2 37.8 43 49 54 60 66 71 77 82 88 92 99 100 104 110 116 121 127 132 138 143

61 to 290 C F 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 212 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 F 141.8 143.6 145.4 147.2 149.0 150.8 152.6 154.4 156.2 158.0 159.8 161.6 163.4 165.2 167.0 168.8 170.6 172.4 174.2 176.0 177.8 179.6 181.4 183.2 185.0 186.8 188.6 190.4 192.2 194.0 195.8 197.6 199.4 201.2 203.0 204.8 206.6 208.4 210.2 212.0 230 248 266 284 302 320 338 356 374 392 410 413.6 428 446 464 482 500 518 536 554 C 149 154 160 166 171 177 182 188 193 199 204 210 216 221 227 232 238 243 249 254 260 266 271 277 282 288 293 299 304 310 316 321 327 332 338 343 349 354 360 366 371 377 382 388 393 399 404 410 416 421 427 432 438 443 449 454 460 466 471 477

300 to 890 C F 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 48

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