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8 Introducing Minor Scales Essential Keyboard Skills Lesson 008 IKS IMS

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Page 1: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

8Introducing Minor Scales

Essential Keyboard SkillsLesson 008 IKS IMS

Page 2: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note
Page 3: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

95

• Introducetheminorscale

forA.

• Understandthe

relationshipbetweenminor

triadsandminorscales.

• Performascendingand

descendingminorscales

usingquarternotes.

• Introduceandapplyleft

handandrighthand

fingeringforminorscales.

• Developtheabilitytobe

abletoplayaminorscale

onanynaturalnote.

Minor Scales

Inlesson7youlearnedhowtoplaytheAminortriad.This,asyouknow,is

alsothechordofAminor.

InthislessonyouwilllearnhowtoplayaminorscaleonA-theAminor

scale.Theminorscaleincludesthenotesoftheminortriad.Therearetwo

keyfactstoknowandunderstand.

• Theminortriadhas3notes.

• Theminorscalehas7notes.

Thereisarelationshipbetweentheminortriadandtheminorscaleandyou

shouldlookatthisfirst.

Minor Triad / Minor Scale Relationship

Asstatedintheintroduction,thereisarelationshipbetweentheminortriad

andtheminorscalewhichisbestexplainedtoyouinsteps.

• TheAminorchordisA,CandE.(Representedbybluenotesin

Figure 1).

• BetweenAandCisB.

• BetweenCandEisD.

• Wenowhavethefirst5notesofourscale.

Youwillrecallthatthereare7notesinascalewiththerootnote(Ainthis

case)repeatedatthetopofthescaletogiveusanoctave.

Therefore,ourAminorscaleis:

A,B,C,D,E,F,G,A

Lookatourexampleandthenpractiseplayingthescaleupanddownusing

thethumbunderandovertechniqueswelearnedearlierinthecourse.

Lesson eIGHTIntroducing Minor Scales

Lesson Objectives

Page 4: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

96 Lesson eIGHT Introducing Minor Scales

B

1

D

T

F

2

G

3

A

4

E

1

A

T

C

2

Figure 1: A minor scale

A minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

Asalwaystherearesupportivemultimediafilesandwehavewrittenthe

musicoutbelow.Tryandlearnthescalebyrememberingthenotesinthe

scale.

Exercise 1 lesson008.iksims.01

A minor scale — an octave lower

Tobecomefluentinthisscaleweshouldpractisewiththelefthandaswell.

Accordinglythenextexerciseiswrittenanoctavelower.Againremember

howtouseyour2ndfingerovertechniqueontheascendingscaleand

thumbundertechniqueonthedescendingscale.

ThebluenotesinourfigurerepresentthenotesthatproduceourAminor

triad.Usethemultimediafileasalways.

Page 5: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

97Lesson eIGHTIntroducing Minor Scales

B

3

D

1

F

2

G

1

A

T

E

T

A

4

C

2

Figure 2: A minor scale down an octave

A minor scale

Fingering (left hand)

Exercise 2 lesson008.iksims.02

Transferability

Becauseofthelayoutofthekeyboarditispossibletotransferwhatyou

havelearnedtoothernotes.Forexample,youcantransfertheminorscale

tobeginonDandplayaDminorscale.

ThenotesforDminorare;

D,E,F,G,A,Bb,C,D

Let’splaytheDminorscale,againdevelopingfluency,timingandtryingto

rememberthenotesthatmakeupthescaleofDminor.Onceagaintheblue

notesareourminortriad.

Page 6: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

98 Introducing Minor ScalesLesson eIGHT

E

1

G

T 2

C

3

D

4

A

1

D

T

F

2

Figure 3: D minor scale

D minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

Exercise 3 lesson008.iksims.03

Left hand D minor scale

NowplaytheDminorscaleanoctavelowerinthebassclefusing

yourlefthand.Thiswillgiveyoumorelefthandpractisetodevelopthe

fluencyofyourscales.Practisearoundandaroundasusual,usingthe

KeyboardXtractortohelpyoubecomemorecomfortable.

E

3

G

1 2

C

1

D

T

A

T

D

4

F

2

Figure 3: D minor scale down an octave

D minor scale

Fingering (left hand)

Bb

Bb

Page 7: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

99Introducing Minor Scales Lesson eIGHT

Exercise 4 lesson008.iksims.04

More about the minor scale/minor triad relationship

Youarealreadyawareoftheexistenceoftherelationshipbetweenachord

andascale.Thisrelationshipexistsforbothmajorandminor.

CurrentlyweareworkingontheDminorscale.Howwouldyoufindthe

notesforDminortriadfromtheDminorscale?

Lookingbackatwhatwehavejustlearnedmighthelp.

ForexampletheAminorscaleis;

A,B,C,D,E,F,G,A

whilsttheAminorchordis;

A,C,E

Theminortriadiscreatedbytheselectionof3specificnotesfromit’sminor

scale.

Simplyput,you:

play one –missone –play one –missone –play one

LetstaketheDminorscaleandusethefollowingtabletoseewhichnotes

areselectedfortheDminorTriad.

Page 8: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

100 Lesson eIGHT Introducing Minor Scales

Play one Root

MissoneSecond

Play one Flattenedthird

MissoneFourth

Play One Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Octave

D E F G A Bb C D

Figure 5: Relationship between minor scale and minor triad using D minor.

D minor triad from D minor scale

Wecanusethistabletohelpuscreatetheminortriadsfromminorscales.

WehavelearnedtheAminorscaleandtheDminorscale,soletsnow

completethetablewiththeremaining5notesandthenpractiseplaying

theirminorscales.

Onceweknowtheirscales,ourtablewilltelluswhichnotesmakeupthe

minortriadsforeachnote.

Play one Root

MissoneSecond

Play one Flattenedthird

MissoneFourth

Play One Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Octave

A B C D E F G A

B C# D E F# G A B

C D Eb F G Ab Bb C

D E F G A Bb C D

E F# G A B C D E

F G Ab Bb C Db Eb F

G A Bb C D Eb F G

Figure 6: Relationship between minor scale and minor triad for all notes.

.

Page 9: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

101Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT

Practise exercises for minor scales

Wehavelearnedthatifyouknowthescaleforeachnoteyoucanworkout

andformthetriad.

Accordingly,wearegoingtofinishthislessonwith5moreexercisessothat

youwillknowandbeabletoplayallofthenaturalminorscales.

Usethetables,yourabilitytoreadandplayintimetohelpyoulearnthese

scales.Asalwaysyouhavethemultimediafilestowatchandplayalong

withtoensureyouaregettingthemright.

A

1

C

T 2

F

3

G

4

D

1

G

T 2

Figure 7: G minor scale

G minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

Bb Eb

Exercise 5 lesson008.iksims.05

Page 10: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

102 Introducing Minor scalesLesson eIGHT

D

1

F

T 2 3

C

4

B

1

C

T 2

Figure 8: C minor scale

C minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

Eb Ab

Exercise 6 lesson008.iksims.06

Bb

1

A

T

C

2

D

3

E

4

B

1

E

T

G

2

Figure 9: E minor scale

E minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

F#

Exercise 7 lesson008.iksims.07

Page 11: Introducing Minor Scales - GigajamVLE€¦ · Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT 101 Practise exercises for minor scales We have learned that if you know the scale for each note

103Introducing Minor scales Lesson eIGHT

1

E

T

G

2

A

3

B

41

B

T

D

2

Figure 10: B minor scale

B minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

C# F#

Exercise 8 lesson008.iksims.08

G

1 T 2 3

F

4

C

1

F

T 2

Figure 11: F minor scale

F minor scale

Fingering (right hand)

Ab

Exercise 9 lesson008.iksims.09

Bb Db Eb