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  • Investigating the Use of Podcasts to Support Basic and Intermediary Skills Development, in Excel, at Undergraduate and Foundation Levels Dr Andrea Gorra, Dr Philippa Trevorrow

    Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning Active Learning in Computing & Faculty of Information and Technology,Leeds Metropolitan University, United Kingdom

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • AUDIENCES PODCASTING EXPERIENCEHave you ever

    Downloaded any audio/video podcasts to a mobile player (e.g iPod, phone) via rss/iTunes?

    Viewed any podcasts via a web browser?

    Produced audio and / or video podcasts for assessment, teaching and learning?

    *Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • Podcasting to support Excel skills development1. Module A: Foundation level, i.e. on a pre-university course (approx 130 students)

    2. Module B: Undergraduate Level 1, HND (approx 180 students)

    3. Module C: Undergraduate Level 1 BA (Hons) (approx 470 students)

    [780 total student numbers; not accounting for non-attenders]

    Modules A & B -> only labs, Module C -> labs + lecture

    *

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • 11 Podcast episodes produced

    Excel podcast episodeLength of podcast (minutes)Getting started01:36Updating Formula Results01:24Dates Times01:58Auto Fill with Cell References02:40Auto Fill 4 Formulas02:32COUNT IF Function01:51VLOOKUP05:28IF Function02:41Creating Charts03:19SUM IF01:59AutoFill Insert Col01:08

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • Why Podcasting?-> Podcasts offer flexibility, any time, any place-> Relatively low-cost to produce + reusable

    PODCASTING VIDEO STREAMINGPodcasting = the production, distribution and automatic download of audio/video data from a publisher to a subscriber over the internet

    RSS 2.0 feed (Really Simple Syndication)Variety of formats (video, mp3, slides) *Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • PROCESS OF PODCASTINGCreation of podcast: Audio (mp3) or video (.mp4, .mov, .m4v) recording[audio/video capturing & editing software needed]

    Distribution of podcastupload to serverFeed location (i.e. URL ) to audience

    Download by subscribers (e.g. via Apple iTunes or iGoogle)

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • EvaluationAim was to evaluate use of podcasting considering pedagogic and technical issues.

    Short (online) survey (10 questions) offered to students after they completed the excel section of the module

    Data collection: - Module A: VLE, - Module B: Survey monkey, - Module C: Module evaluation (paper-based), incl. additional questions.

    Access statistics via VLE to identify how many times podcasts were downloaded*Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • FindingsSurveys response rates:

    - Module A (53 out of 130 students) 41% return rate; - Module B (66 out of 180 students) 37% return rate; - Module C (86 out of 470 students) 18% return rate.*Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • MODULE A (Foundation Level)

    *Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK- 64% of respondents: podcasts were useful or very useful. - 56% of respondents would like similar podcasts in other modules.

    Excel podcast episodeVisitsLength of podcast (minutes)Getting started5801:36AutoFill Insert Col4101:08Creating charts3503:19Dates Times2501:58TOTAL159

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • MODULE B (Undergraduate Level 1 HND)79% thought the podcasts were fairly or very easy to viewonly 1.5% viewed them on their iPod (as stated in questionnaire)74% thought podcasts aided better understanding the information 26% used them if they happened to miss the lecture or tutorial. 83% would like to have similar podcasts for other modules.*Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Excel podcast episodeVisitsLength of podcastGetting started13601:36Updating Formula Results7001:24Dates Times6201:58Auto Fill with Cell References4602:40Auto Fill 4 Formulas4502:32COUNT IF Function4401:51VLOOKUP4305:28IF Function3702:41Creating Charts2903:19SUM IF2501:59AutoFill Insert Col701:08Total 544

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • MODULE C (Undergraduate Level 1 BA (Hons))23% [out of 86] stated in written feedback that excel component was an element of the module they enjoyed the most.Out of the total number of viewings, 673 hits (77%) occurred the week leading up to the module exam In addition the podcasts were viewed 15 times the week before the reassessment module exam which was sat by 20 students *Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Excel podcast episodeVisitsLength of podcast Getting started19801:36Dates Times10101:58COUNT IF Function9301:51Updating Formula Results9101:24Auto Fill 4 Formulas8302:32AutoFill Insert Col7401:08IF Function6002:41VLOOKUP5905:28SUM IF5801:59Auto Fill with Cell References5402:40Total 871

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • ConclusionPodcasts seemed to be a popular learning resource (novelty factor?)Used for exam revision (Module C)Very few students used iPods to access podcasts (podcasting mobile learning)Appreciated by non-native English speakers

    ! Need to ensure thatPodcasts can be accessed quickly + easilyIntegrate into class activities to allow students to benefit more consistently

    *Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • Future Research

    Repeat of study for 2009/10 with same modules

    Use of podcasts by international students

    Investigate student preferences of podcast access (web browser vs. mobile device)

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

  • QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?

    Dr. Andrea GorraLeeds Metropolitan University, UKA.Gorra @ leedsmet.ac.uk

    Dr. Pip TrevorrowLeeds Metropolitan University, UKP.Trevorrow @ leedsmet.ac.uk

    Some references G. Salmon P. Edirisingha (Eds.) (2008) Podcasting for Learning in Universities, London: Open University Press and SRHE. CETL ALiC http://www.leedsmet.ac.uk/inn/alic/podcasting.htm Slides at: http://www.slideshare.net/andreagorra

    Dr Andrea Gorra, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

    **A range of topicsDifferent length of podcasts*free software (http://camstudio.org/ Jing) [we used a 30 day free trial version otherwise would have to pay]

    Information was sought on issues such as how useful the students found the podcasts and whether they accessed the podcasts outside university.**Shown in class by tutor so downloaded one time by tutor. Not watched by students on individual PCs in class.*