Manual Turn

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<p>ContentsLicense agreement Getting started Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Tutorial 3 Tutorial 4 Tutorial 5 Tutorial 6 Customizing CAPSturn Tutorial 7 Tutorial 8 Tutorial 9 37 40 41 1 2 4 11 21 27 31 33</p> <p>License agreementLicenseYou have a non-exclusive right to use the software. This software can only be used on a single computer. You may physically transfer the software from one computer to another, provided that the software is used on only computer at a time. You may not electronically transfer the software from one computer to another over a network. You may not distribute copies of the software and its documentation to others. You may not modify, reverse engineer or translate the software or the documentation without the prior consent in writing from the publishers Cadem Technologies Pvt. Ltd., hereinafter referred to as Cadem</p> <p>Backup</p> <p>You may make one copy of the software solely for the purpose of backup. You must reproduce and include the copyright notice on the backup copy. You may not transfer, sell, or lease the license to another party without prior written consent from Cadem.</p> <p>Copyright</p> <p>The software and the documentation contain proprietary information, which is protected by copyright. You may not copy the software or its documentation except for backup purpose and to load the software on a computer as part of executing the software. All other copies of the software and its documentation are in violation of the copyright.</p> <p>The software is provided AS IS without warranty of any kind. The entire risk as to the results and performance of the software is assumed by you. Cadem does not warrant, guarantee or make any representations regarding the use of, or the results of the use of, the software in terms of its correctness, accuracy, reliability, current ness or otherwise and you rely on the software and its results entirely at your own risk. CADEM does warrant to the original licensee that the physical media on which the software is recorded be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of 3 months from date of delivery evidenced by a copy of your receipt. Cadems and its distributors entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be replacement, or at Cadems sole discretion, refund of purchase price. If the failure of the media has resulted from abuse, virus or physical damage, then Cadem shall have no responsibility to replace the media under this limited warranty. This the only warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, with regard to the contents of the software and its documentation, its merchantability, or fitness for a particular use.</p> <p>Warranty</p> <p>Limited Liability</p> <p>In no event shall Cadem or anyone else who has been involved in creation, production or delivery of this software be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damages / loss arising out of the use, the results of use, or inability to use the software and its documentation.</p> <p>Jurisdiction</p> <p>This license agreement shall be governed by the laws of the Republic of India.</p> <p>Acknowledgements</p> <p>CADEM acknowledges MS-WINDOWS as registered trademark of their respective owners.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>1</p> <p>Getting startedLearn how to use the programThrough Tutorials The tutorials teach you how to use the program to generate NC programs and related documents. The tutorials can be accessed through the Start menu (Start &gt; Programs &gt; Cadem) or from the Help menu. Completing all the tutorials typically takes 1 day.</p> <p>You can also try to bypass the tutorials and start using the program through the Wizard interface, icon. The wizard guides you through the steps involved, and you can start invoked through the making your own programs within 1 hour of installing the program.</p> <p>On your own</p> <p>CAPSturn is shipped with pre-made sample jobs. You can open these and view the tool path simulation, generate NC programs or cycle times, etc.</p> <p>Reference jobs</p> <p>Customize CAPSturn</p> <p>Before starting to seriously use the outputs, you must first customize it to suit your requirement. If you are evaluating the program and do not intend to use its output to cut parts, this step is not required.</p> <p>Postprocessors</p> <p>Posts may need to be configured so that the NC programs generated conform to your programming practices and the format acceptable by your machines. This program is shipped with a number of posts for popular controllers. These must be tweaked to include your machine data and codes. This is easy to do. You can do this yourself, or contact us or our resellers for help in making the posts.</p> <p>When you want to generate outputs from the program, you must first select the machine from a list. You must customize this list so that only your machines appear in it.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>2</p> <p>Tools and FS databaseThe database has a large collection of tools. You can customize the list add any tools you use, or delete tools that you do not require. Cutting parameters in the database may not be what you normally use. You might wish to modify them to suit your requirement.</p> <p>Get started</p> <p>You can either use the Wizard or the regular interface. The Wizard is easier to use, but does not have some advanced features like Single motions and Subprograms. We recommend that you use the wizard initially, but switch over to the regular interface once you are proficient in the use of the program.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>3</p> <p>Tutorials in mm Tutorial 1</p> <p>This tutorial shows Creating part and blank shapes Rough and finish turning Viewing tool path. Generating shop documents. Part drawing</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>4</p> <p>Start a new jobIf you have just started CAPSturn, Select Create a new part in the startup dialog box and click on OK. If you have already started CAPSturn, select File New</p> <p>Work setupThe Work setup dialog box appears automatically when you start a new part. Setup data 1 Select mm for Units, select any Work piece material, and enter this data, leaving the rest unaltered: Jaw position absolute Z = -210 Clearance Z = 5 Clearance OD = 200 Setup data 2 Leave the default data unaltered. Documentation Click on the Documentation tab and enter suitable data. All the data except the Remarks will appear in the NC program and other documents like the cycle time sheet. You can omit any or all it. Anything that you do not enter appears as a blank in the documents. Click on OK to exit from the Work setup dialog box.</p> <p>Save the File Select File Save. Enter the File name as Shaft. The file will now be saved as Shaft.CPT.</p> <p>Values can be entered as fractions. E.g., 7.5 can be entered as 7+1/2..</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>5</p> <p>Click on the Geometry button at the bottom left of the screen.</p> <p>Draw the part Select Draw Quick shaft. At the prompt Specify the start point enter 0,0 and press Enter. At the prompt Select the direction click on the arrow pointing vertically up. At the prompt Specify X coordinate enter 60 and press Enter. At the prompt Specify Z coordinate enter 80 and press Enter. Enter the following co-ordinates in sequence: 120 -110 180 -200 Click the right mouse button and then select Done.</p> <p>Define the partThrough this step you are telling CAPSturn This set of lines is the part. Select Draw Define Part. At the prompt Select the first object click on the line shown. Click on Yes at the prompt Create part shape?</p> <p>Define the blank Select Draw Define Blank. Enter the following data and click on OK: Length = 240 Diameter = 184 Start Z = 5</p> <p>If the blank shape is a complex shape and not a plain cylinder, Draw its shape. In the blank definition screen click on Select contour and then select the contour. Through this step you are telling CAPSturn This set of lines is the blank.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>6</p> <p>Machining Click on the Machining button at the bottom left of the screen.</p> <p>We will now do the following machining operations: Rough facing using the Plain face operation Rough turning using the Contour turn operation Finish facing using the Finish face operation Finish turning using the Finish turn operation</p> <p>To perform a machining operation in CAPSturn: Select the operation Select the tool Select the area to be machined Specify the machining parameters You will find this sequence of steps repeated for every operation.</p> <p>Rough facing Select the operation Select Machining Turning Plain face Select the tool Click on New tool. Click on OK to accept the default tool that CAPSturn has already selected. Select the area to be machined When you are prompted for the Start X and End X click on the points shown, on the BLANK. Specify the machining parameters, and in the operation dialog box click on OK to accept the default data.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>7</p> <p>Rough turning Select Machining Turning Contour turn. In the Select an existing tool / new tool dialog box click on the tool selected earlier for facing and click on OK. When you are prompted for the Start point and End point of machining click on the points shown, on the PART. In the operation dialog box click on OK to accept the default data.</p> <p>Finish facing Select Machining Turning Finish face. Click on New tool. Click on OK to accept the default tool that has been selected. For the Start point and End point of machining click on the points shown, on the PART. Enter this data in the operation dialog box, leaving the rest unaltered. Overshoot X = -0.5. This is 25 % more than the tool nose radius.</p> <p>Finish turning Select Machining Turning Finish turn. In the Select an existing tool / new tool dialog box click on the tool selected earlier for finish facing and click on OK. For the Start point and End point of machining click on the points shown, on the PART. In the operation dialog box click on OK to accept the default data. Save the file.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>8</p> <p>Select a machine Select Machine. Click on a machine from the list. Click on Select.</p> <p>Work setup, Geometry definition, and Machining are independent of any machine. Functions like NC program and cycle time generation require the machine to be selected since they use the machines mechanical data like feed rate limits, spindle speed limits and tool change time.</p> <p>View tool path Click on the Toolpath button at the bottom left of the screen. Select Toolpath Start.</p> <p>The mode can be solid or line mode. Simulation can be till the next motion, next tool, next operation or end of the program. The simulation can also be viewed in Single step mode. The tool moves one step at every click of the mouse or space bar on the keyboard. Use the Zoom and Pan functions for closer inspection of the tool path.</p> <p>Generate NC program Click on NC program on the menu bar. Click on OK in the dialog box that appears. Click on Edit to view the NC program. Select File Exit to exit from the editor. The NC program is saved as a text file with a .PRG extension in the folder where CAPSturn is installed.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>9</p> <p>View Power graph Select Documents Power. Click on Close to exit. If the power values are too small, the bars may not be visible in the graph.</p> <p>View Cycle time sheet Click on Documents Time study sheet. Click on View. Click on to enlarge the view. Click on the buttons on the left to move between pages. To exit from the cycle time sheet click on Close and then on OK.</p> <p>View Tools list Click on Documents Tool list. The options are as in the cycle time sheet.</p> <p>View Tool layout sheet Switch to Machining mode. Click on Documents Tool layout sheet. Click on the arrow buttons to switch between sheets. Click on in the menu bar to exit.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>10</p> <p>Tutorial 2</p> <p>This tutorial shows Drawing a complex part Facing, Boring and turning operations</p> <p>Part drawing</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>11</p> <p>Start a new fileIf you have just started CAPSturn, select Create a new part in the startup dialog box and click on OK. If you have already started CAPSturn, select File New.</p> <p>Work setupSetup data 1 Select mm for Units, select any Work piece material, and enter this data, leaving the rest unaltered: Jaw position absolute Z = -90 Clearance Z = 10 Clearance ID = 46 Clearance OD = 155 Documentation Enter suitable data in the Documentation page.</p> <p>Save the File Save the file with a suitable name.</p> <p>Switch to the Geometry mode.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>12</p> <p>Draw the part Select Draw Line Point point. Enter 55.5, -64 as the Start point. Enter 55.5,-30 as the End point.</p> <p>Select Draw Multiline. Enter the following co-ordinates in sequence: 82.85, -35 82.85, -9.5 88.2, -9.5 88.2, 0 116,0 116, -27.5 131, -27.5 146, -33.5 146, -85 Click the right mouse button and select Done.</p> <p>Select Draw Circle Center Radius. Enter 0, -24 against the prompt Specify the center point and press Enter. Enter 41.425 against the prompt Enter the radius and press Enter.</p> <p>Select View</p> <p>Zoom All</p> <p>to enlarge the view.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>13</p> <p>Select Draw Chamfer Enter 1 for Distance. Click on the two corners shown. Click the right mouse button and select Done.</p> <p>Select Edit Trim At the prompt Select the boundary objects click on the objects shown. Right click the mouse and select Done. At the prompt Select the object, on the side to be trimmed off click on the same 3 objects again, at the points shown. Right click the mouse and select Done.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>14</p> <p>Define the part Select Draw Define part. At the prompt Select the first object click on the line shown. At the prompt Create part shape? Click on Yes. The lines and arcs are threaded together into a single part shape.</p> <p>To Zoom Rotate the scroll wheel of the mouse, OR Click on drag. then click the left mouse button and</p> <p>To Pan Press the scroll wheel of mouse and drag, OR Click on drag. then click the left mouse button and</p> <p>Draw the blank Select Draw Multiline Enter the following co-ordinates in sequence: 50, -80 50, 1.5 149, 1.5 149, -95 Right click the mouse and select Done from the menu.</p> <p>Define the blank Select Draw Define blank Click on Select contour and click on the point shown At the prompt Create blank shape? Click on Yes</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>15</p> <p>The part and blank now look like this.</p> <p>Save the File</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>16</p> <p>Machine the partOperations: Rough face Rough turn Rough bore Finish face Finish turn Finish bore Switch to the Machining mode.</p> <p>Rough face Select Machining Turning Plain face Select a suitable tool. For the machining area click on the points shown. Change the operation name to Rough face, leave the default machining parameters unchanged. Click OK.</p> <p>Rough turn Select Machining Turning Contour turn. Select a suitable tool. For the machining area click on the points shown. Point 1 must be at the beginning of the chamfer. Change the operation name to Rough turn, leave the default machining parameters unchanged. Click OK.</p> <p>CAPSturn 10</p> <p>17</p> <p>Rough bore Select Machining Turning Contour turn. Click on New tool. Expand the Internal turn tool type, select a suitable tool type, then select a tool. Fo...</p>

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