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  • H1

    Warm Up What are some stereotypical ideas you have of Medieval

    Europe? What comes to mind?

    Agenda Background of Medieval Europe Reading on Life in Medieval Times in Europe

    Medieval Europe Notes Page 27

    Defining the Medieval Period

    The time period has also been called the Middle Ages and the Dark Ages

    Classical Civilization (Beginning of European Civilization !

    Roman Empire)

    Medieval Europe (Fall of Rome ! Before the Renaissance)

    Modern Times (Renaissance ! Today)

    Medieval Europe: Stages

    Early Medieval Europe (c. 5001000)

    High Medieval Europe (c. 10001300)

    Late Medieval Europe (c. 13001500)

    Dont Copy

    The Fall of the Roman Empire

    Beginning of the Middle Ages

    Invasions End of the

    Roman emperors

    Dont Copy

  • H2

    The Barbarian Invasions

    From Asia: Huns and Magyars

    From the Germanic north: Saxons, Angles, and Goths

    Europe in 814

    Dont Copy

    Rise of the Germanic Peoples Ostrogoths: Italian

    peninsula Visigoths:

    modern-day Spain Angles and

    Saxons: modern-day Britain

    Franks: central Europe Invasion of the Goths into the Roman Empire, a 19th-century painting

    Dont Copy

    Clovis (466511) Established a Frankish

    kingdom in central Europe Conquered many competing

    tribes and regional Roman political leaders

    Converted to Christianity

    Dont Copy

    Charlemagne (742814)

    Powerful leader, strong Christian

    Created the Carolingian Empire

    Crowned by Pope Leo III as the first Holy Roman Emperor

  • H3

    The Vikings

    Warrior culture from Scandinavia

    Raided Europe Established

    settlements throughout Europe and even in North America

    A Viking longboat

    Feudalism A political, economic,

    and social system in which land was allocated in exchange for services; roles and obligations were clearly defined for all participants

    Originally developed as a means of protection and defense

    A French vassal receiving a feudal grant from the king

    Roles in the Feudal System Lord Vassal Fief Manor Serf

    Feudal serfs

    Feudal Power Relationships

    KING

    NOBLES

    VASSALS (KNIGHTS)

    SERFS AND PEASANTS

    LAND & TITLES

    LAND, POWER & PROTECTION

    SHELTER, LAND & PROTECTION

    FOOD & LABOR

    LOYALTY, TAXES, FOOD & MILITARY

    SERVICE

    LOYALTY, TAXES & SERVICE

    Knights Elite military

    soldiers Usually from the

    noble classes Stages of

    training: page, squire, knight

    Chivalry

    Statue of a medieval knight

  • H4

    The Medieval Tournament Means of practicing military skills

    Warm Up

    Who was the first European to Discover the Americas?

    What group/nationality was he a part of? Is he remembered or not and why do you think that

    is?

    Castles Centers of

    noble life Purposes:

    Intimidation Military

    defense Residence

    Warwick Castle, England

    Break from the Lecture

    Page 28 Life on a Manor Sit quietly and read Once you are done reading, answer the

    attached questions 30 minutes total Complete unfinished parts for homework

    Catholic Church Hierarchy The

    Pope

    Cardinals

    Archbishops

    Bishops

    Priests

    The Catholic Church Expands Its Power

    The Church becomes more of a political entity

    Struggles with monarchs

    Expanded land ownership

    Pope Gregory VII

  • H5

    The Monastic Movement Became popular in the 5th

    century Arose as a reaction against

    the increasing worldliness of the Church

    Monasteries: secluded religious communities

    Benedictine monasticism: vows of chastity, poverty, obedience

    St. Benedict

    The Inquisition The Inquisition:

    special court established by the Church to combat heresy

    Accused heretics sometimes tortured

    Convicted heretics burned at the stake

    A suspected heretic being tortured by the Inquisition

    Middle Ages Videos http://www.history.com/

    topics/middle-ages/videos/robin-hood-and-the-longbow?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

    http://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/videos/who-were-the-vikings?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

    http://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/videos/weapons-of-the-middle-ages?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

    http://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/videos/who-was-robin-hood?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

    Universities

    Need for administrators

    Muslim knowledge, renewed interest in classical writings

    A map of medieval European universities

    Warm Up

    Write half a page about what life was like on a manor.

    Come up to the front and get 10 pennies.

  • H6

    Medieval Mongols & Russians The Mongol Empire

    Temuchin Genghis Khan (c. 1162 1227) Khublai Khan Advances against the Muslim world Advances against Europe

    The Development of Russia Kievan Rus The churchVladimir the Great (c. 987) Mongol invasion Alexander Nevsky (c. 1220 1263)

    Moscow

    Music Break Mussorgsky: Pictures At An

    Exhibition - La Cabane Sur Des Pattes De Poule, Baba Yaga (The Hut On Fowl's Legs) 2:58

    Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - La Grande Porte De Kiev (The Great Gate Of Kiev) 5:20

    To the far right is the Great Gate of Kiev. This was built prior to the Mongol Invasion in 1200. Based on the picture and the second track, what do you think is the perception of Kievan Rus in Russian history? Why? Use evidence. Any other thoughts on the music?

    Modest Mussorgsky

    Baba Yaga

    Map 10.4: Northern and

    Eastern Europe

    Warm Up

    Write down the following questions to answer when we watch a crash course video in just a few minutes. Why is Medieval Europe referred to as the Dark Ages? Is this name accurate? What was life like in the Medieval Islamic World? What are 3 accomplishments of the Islamic World during

    this period? Same question as the one previous for China at the time.

  • H7

    France

    Most powerful kingdom in Europe by the 14th century

    Hugh Capet

    England

    1066: Norman Invasion William the Conqueror

    (10271087) Brought feudalism to

    England

    William the Conqueror

    Magna Carta (1215) Conflict between King John

    and the English nobility Nobles rebelled against

    excessive taxation, forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215

    Limited power of the monarch

    Formal recognition that the king was not above the law rule of law A photograph

    of the Magna Carta

    Development of Parliament

    Original parliament House of Lords: nobles

    and church lords House of Commons:

    knights and residents Approved taxes, discussed

    policies, worked with the monarch to make laws

    Edward I

    Islam in Europe

    Islamic forces took control of Spain in the early 8th century

    Muslim innovations Agriculture Architecture Math and

    science Great Mosque of Crdoba

    Golden Age of Islam Read Introduction pdf

  • H8

    Warm Up

    What Roman numerals do you know? What are the rules of Roman numerals?

    Golden Age of Islam Page 29

    Rearrange into quads 7 minutes per placard set, 5 placards total Theres no place like Rome will be your

    anchor activity (Page 30) Complete the Golden Age of Islam Worksheet

    as you read the information placards

    Warm Up

    What were 3 accomplishments you learned about from the Islamic Golden Age?

    Homework: Medieval Europe Quiz on Friday

    The Reconquista of Spain Muslims ruled the

    Iberian Peninsula for nearly 800 years

    Reconquista: Struggle between Christians and Muslims to control Spain

    7181492 King Ferdinand of

    Aragon and Isabella of Castile Isabella and Ferdinand

    Map 10.2: Christian Reconquests in the Western Mediterranean Italian City-States

    Many city-states on the Italian peninsula

    Changed hands often; controlled at times by Germanic tribes, Byzantines, and the French

    Rome and the Papal States remained important Medieval Italy

  • H9

    The Crusades

    10951291 Goals of the Crusades:

    Convert nonbelievers Eliminate heretics Regain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims

    Louis IX of France leads crusaders against Damietta, in Egypt

    Pope Urban IIWhat were his motives?

    For your brethren who live in the east are in urgent need of your help, and you must hasten to give them aid which has often been promised them[The Turks and Arabs] have attacked them andhave occupied more and more of the lands of those Christians, and have overcome them in seven battles. They have killed and captured many, and have destroyed the churches and devastated the empire On this account I, or rather the Lord, beseech you as Christs heralds to publish this everywhere and to persuade all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile race from the lands of our friends.

    Pope Urban IIWhat were his motives?

    I say this to those who are present, it meant also for those who are absent. Moreover Christ commands itAll who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans shall have immediate remission of sins. This I grant them