megha sharma

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  • SMART Cities:ConceptIts not so generic

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  • Smart City Architecture Multitier architecture comprising of 4 layers:1. User Layer2. Service Layer3. Infrastructure Layer4. Data Layer

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  • Types of Cities:1. Web or Virtual City2. Knowledge-based City3. Broadband City4. Mobile or Ambient City5. Digital City6. Smart or Intelligent City7. Ubiquitous City8. Eco City

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  • Key Areas:

    Smart CitySmart City

    Smart EnergySmart Energy

    Open DataOpen DataSmart TransportSmart Transport5

  • Implementation Challenges

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  • Smart EnergySmart EnergyData ConfidentialityData Confidentiality

    Data UsageData Usage

    Access ControlsAccess ControlsTamper Resistance and Non-repudiation

    Tamper Resistance and Non-repudiation

    AvailabilityAvailability

    Transparent Auditing & VerifiabilityTransparent Auditing & Verifiability

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  • Smart TransportSmart TransportTraffic Safety & AccidentsTraffic Safety & Accidents

    ScalabilityScalability

    Seamless ServicesSeamless Services Heterogeneity Heterogeneity

    VolatilityVolatility

    Secure PositioningSecure Positioning

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  • Open DataOpen Data

    AccuracyAccuracy

    TrustTrust

    Adverse Effect on Open GovernmentAdverse Effect on Open Government AccessibilityAccessibility

    Unintentional Privacy ViolationUnintentional Privacy Violation

    Violating LegislationViolating Legislation

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  • Risk Assessment

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  • Risk Matrix:Risk = Impact (Severity of threat) X Likelihood (Probability of the risk)

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    Likelihood/Impact Extreme 5 Major 4 Moderate 3 Minor 2 Insignificant 1Almost Certain 5 25 20 15 10 5Probable 4 20 16 12 8 4Possible 3 15 12 9 6 3Unlikely 2 10 8 6 4 2Rare 1 5 4 3 2 1

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    05

    10152025

    Smart Energy Risk factor

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    05

    10152025

    Smart Transport Risk factor

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    05

    10152025

    Smart Data Risk Factor

  • Cost vs. Control

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  • The possibility of occurrence of a security event is inversely proportional to the expenditure justified for ISMS control. Sensor Networks forms the base of a smart city. Software patch management for sensor networks is a daunting task. IDS/IPS as a first line of defense for sensor networks is challenging.

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  • Conclusion: Cyber-attacks , Malware and Availability are the major threats for a smart city Applying controls to the network and communication technologies is the most cost intensive countermeasure strategy Smart energy is most vulnerable with most of the threats posing high risk to the assets

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