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A READING1. UNSEEN PASSAGES
WORKSHEET-1 (5 Marks each)
Ans. 1. (a) The ship in which Sindbad and his companions were sailing, was caught in aviolent storm.
(b) The ship was dragged ashore by wild people who ordered them to vacate the shipand took the ship to an unknown island.
(c) When Sindbad and his companions entered one of the rooms in the palace, theywere horrified to see heaps of mens bones, and a large number of skewers toroast joints of meat.
(d) Suddenly a terrible ogre appeared in the room with a roar.(e) The monster was as tall as a tree and had a huge eye in the middle of his forehead.
His ears flapped like that of an elephant. (1 5 = 5)Ans. 2. (a) In cancer, the normal cells start to grow faster than usual, take an odd shape, and
stop parts of the body from functioning properly.(b) If diagnosed early, cancer can be removed surgically or can be treated with X-rays
or gamma rays.(c) Cancer can affect almost every part of the body like lungs, kidneys, stomach,
bones and skin.(d) If cancer is not treated on time, the stray cells from the cancerous part break off
and float to other parts of the body and start trouble there.(e) The most likely causes of cancer can be smoking cigarettes or chewing tobacco.
(1 5 = 5)
WORKSHEET-2 (5 Marks each)
Ans. 1. (a) Water is considered the most precious gift of nature because life would be notpossible without water. We need water for daily use at home and for agriculture.
(b) The main cause of water scarcity is our ever-increasing population and over-wastage of water.
(c) We can conserve water in ponds and tanks and also use it cautiously.(d) Title : Save Water.(e) If we continue to use water carelessly, we will have to face dire-consequences.
There will be acute water-scarcity by the year 2025. (1 5 = 5)
Ans. 2. (a) (i) trees and breeze (ii) shine and line (iii) way and bay(iv) glance and dance (v) they and gay 2
(b) (i) dancing (ii) never-ending (iii) jocund(iv) pensive (v) pleasure 2
WORKSHEET-3 (5 Marks each)
Ans. 1. (a) Betty was six years old.
(b) There were tea and a cake with six candles in the party.
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(c) Billykin was wearing a big blue bow.(d) When he went out in the garden, there was a strong wind and it caught the bow,
which stuck out on each side of his head like two blue wings.(e) When Billykin tried to climb a tree, the bow got caught in a twig and Billykin
could not get loose, however hard he tried. (1 5 = 5)Ans. 2. (a) (iii) eyes
(b) (iii) three to four hours.(c) (iii) weak eye-sight due to watching T.V.(d) (iii) watching scenes of horror and violence(e) (iii) joint pain, back pain and muscle pain (1 5 = 5)
WORKSHEET- 4 (5 Marks each)Ans. 1. (a) (iv) deaf and blind (b) (ii) read
(c) (iii) palm (d) (ii) touching the speakers lips
(e) (i) writer of books (1 5 = 5)Ans. 2. (a) Spring is said to be the years pleasant king, because of all the four seasons in a
year, spring is the most pleasant, when after the cold winters, the flowers bloomagain, the birds and animals sing and play happily.
(b) When flowers start blooming, the maids dance in a ring and pretty birds singsweet songs.
(c) These words are meant to represent the sounds made by different kinds of birds.(d) (iii) they play sweet music upon the pipes.(e) (i) sting (1 5 = 5)
WORKSHEET- 5 (5 Marks each)Ans. 1. (a) a big sugarcane farm. (b) howl loudly.
(c) dip in the water. (d) roll in the water after every meal.(e) hearty. (1 5 = 5)
Ans. 2. (a) a burden. (b) when we fall ill.(c) germs. (d) air, water, food and cuts on the skin.
(e) dirt, darkness, smoking and drinking.
WORKSHEET- 6 (5 Marks each)Ans. 1. (a) He thought that his uncle was playing a joke on him.
(b) It was in the middle of the month, even before the day-break.(c) Because the sky was covered with clouds.(d) His uncle told him to stop arguing and climb.(e) (i) odd time (ii) gloomy
Ans. 2. (i) (a) in the early mist. (b) asleep. (c) noises(d) dried (e) woke
(ii) (a) branch (b) voluntary (c) prompt(d) obedient
(iii) (a) strength (b) punishment (c) giant(d) comfortable
(iv) (a) receive (b) address
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B WRITING1. NOTICE WRITING
WORKSHEET- 7 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1.
Saraswati Public School, BhopalNOTICE
This is to bring to the notice of all students that Preeti Gupta, student of classVI-B has lost her literature book Honeysuckle in the field yesterday during interval.Whoever finds the book is requested to submit it in the Principals office, or give itto the class teacher of VI-B.Sonia JainHead Girl
Blue Bells Primary SchoolNOTICE
The watchman while closing the gate of the cycle stand has found a blue blazerof size 30 and a pink lunch box with a Tom and Jerry sticker on it. The owner of theblazer and lunch box may collect it from my office after the classes are over.PrincipalBlue Bells Primary School
2. DIARY ENTRY
WORKSHEET- 8 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1. Monday, 07.11.2014 9 p.m.
The Annual Prize Distribution Function in my school was held at 10 a.m. today.The District Magistrate was the Chief Guest. It was a highly colourful and interestingfunction. The school hall was packed with guests and students. Our Principal read outthe Annual Report. After that the prizes were distributed, I also got a set of books foracademic excellence. Then the cultural programmes started. The Chief Guest deliveredhis speech. He advised us to do our best in life. Our Vice Principal gave the vote ofthanks. After the national anthem, the function came to an end.Parul
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Ans. 2. Friday, 14.11.2014 8:30 p.m.Today, my class went for a picnic to Green Valley. My mother woke me up early
in the morning. I was very excited so I quickly dressed up in my school uniform. Mymother packed my bag with all kinds of snacks and sandwiches. Then we got into thecar and drove to school. I joined all the other students. My bus was ready. We got intothe bus. We started at 7 a.m., We rode on the bus for three hours. On the way we sangsongs and had chocolates and toffees. At 10 a.m. we reached the picnic spot. It was abeautiful valley surrounded by hills. We played games and enjoyed the picnic to thefullest. Our teacher also joined us. We sat near a lake and had our lunch. We sawbeautiful birds and ducks swimming in the lake. At 4 p.m. our teacher told us to getinside the bus. No one wanted to come back but finally we started our return jounreyat 4:30 p.m. and reached home at 7:30 p.m. I enjoyed my picnic very much.
3. PARAGRAPH WRITING
WORKSHEET- 9 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1. Desert
The desert is a vast expanse of sand with no water and very little vegetation. Thetemperature is usually very high during the day. On the contrary, nights are verycold. Water is difficult to find except in an Oasis. Oasis is a small village where thereare a few palm trees and a few houses. People travel from one place to another oncamels as this is the chief source of transport. The camel is, therefore, also called TheShip of the Desert. Life in a desert is very difficult. The Government is taking measuresto make it easy. (100 words)
Ans. 2. My Favourite AnimalOf all the animals that God has created in this world, I love cats the most. They
are found in many coloursblack, brown, white or a combination of all these colours.The kittens are also very soft, furry and playful little animals. They love their masters.Cats resemble lions and tigers in many of their habits. Cats keep our homes free frommice and rats. They sometimes kill snakes also. Cats are fond of milk, meat, breadand fish. They are not as faithful as dogs but give pleasant company. They mew andpurr when they are happy. (98 words)
4. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
WORKSHEET- 10 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose : A National Hero
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1847 at Cuttack in Odisha.He was very intelligent and hard working. He qualified the ICS competition but refusedto join the services due to his love and dedication towards India. He rendered hisselfless services to the public as President of All India Trade Union in 1929, Mayor ofCalcutta in 1930 and President of Indian National Congress (1938-1939). His missionin life was to free his motherland from British rulers. His sudden disappearance on18th August, 1945 was mourned by the whole country. His sacrifices for the countrywill always be remembered. (100 words)
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Ans. 2. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam : A Great ScientistAvul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October, 1931 in Rameshwaramin a lower middle class family. He was highly educated and had a doctoral degree. Hewas the chief scientist and team-leader for launching missiles. Under his guidanceand leadership, the atom bomb and missiles were tested. He is, therefore, also knownas the Missile Man of India. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1977 and alsobecame the eleventh president of India. He has many books to his credit, some ofwhich are Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, India 2020 and The Luminous Sports.
WORKSHEET- 11 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1. Good Morning, Respected teachers and my dear friends
I am Varun and I am twelve years old. I am a student of class VI. I have a few strengthsand weaknesses. My helping nature is my biggest strength. I love to help people inneed, whether they are my friends, neighbours or unknown to me. That is why I amvery popular among my friends and in my colony also I also love talking to people. Imake friends very easily.
Now come to my weakness, when I have to speak in front of the class or on the stage,I become very nervous. I am trying to overcome my weakness slowly.
Ans. 2. Good Morning, Respected teachers and my dear friends.I study in XYZ School (name of school). The main building of my school has thePrincipals office and senior section from IX to XII standard and a big cultural hall.The junior section from class I to V and middle section from class VI to VIII arelocated in two separate buildings. Each building has its own library and staff room.There are three big fields, the main sports field, a basket ball field and a football field.My school has a staff of about 45 teachers. It also has an auditorium, a yoga centre anda big swimming pool. There are beautiful gardens all around. I love my school.
6. STORY WRITING
WORKSHEET- 12 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1.
The Cunning FoxA thirsty fox was passing through a jungle when it saw a well. It peeped into the wellto see if there was water, but lost its balance and fell into the well. It jumped andjumped but could not get out of the well. By chance a goat, who was also thirsty camethere. It looked into the well and saw the fox. The fox was very cunning. It invited thegoat to come down and enjoy the cool and sweet water. The foolish goat jumped intothe well. The fox climbed on the goats back and jumped out of the well. The goat wasvery sad at her foolishness. (110 words)
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Ans. 2. The Goose that laid golden eggsOnce a greedy man had a goose that laid a golden egg everyday. This made him veryrich. His greed increased day-by-day. After sometime, he said to himself, My gooselays one egg in a day. It gives me seven eggs in a week. That is a very slow process. IfI kill the goose, I will get all the golden eggs at once. So he foolishly killed the goose.There was no gold in its body. The greedy man wept and repented at his foolishness.He said, Oh ! I have lost everything by my greed. One should be satisfied with whatone has. One should not be greedy.
7. LETTER WRITING
WORKSHEET- 13 (Carrying 5 Marks each)
Informal LettersAns. 1.
21-A, Ramesh ParkLakshmi NagarDelhi07 January, 2014My Dear AbhinavI have received your progress report. You must have already seen your marks indifferent subjects. You have not performed satisfactorily in most of the subjects. I amreally disappointed at your performance. You have never done so badly in anyexamination so far. Is it because you are enjoying hostel life more than your studies ?Anyway, you can help your own self. If you need coaching in any subject, I shallarrange for it, but you must really work hard now. Dont lose your confidence. I wantto see good report next time. If you have any other problem, dont hesitate to tell me.With lots of loveYours affectionatelyGaurav Mathur
Ans. 2. 16A, MahanagarLucknow08 February, 2014My Dear YashrajHope my letter finds you in the best of health. You wrote to me that you have threedays holiday from 15th to 17th of this month. I would suggest that you should use thisopportunity to come to Lucknow. We will have a great time together. I shall take youaround the city. There are many places that you would surely like to visit. TheResidency, Botanical Garden, Imambaras and Ambedkar Park are beautiful placesand of course the trip is incomplete without ganjing in Hazratganj and buying chikanwork from chowk and Ameenabad. I am already feeling very excited.Convey my regards to uncle and aunty and give love to Ashish. Looking forward toyour visit.Yours lovinglyFarhan
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WORKSHEET- 14 (Carrying 5 Marks each)
Formal LettersAns. 1.
15A, Nehru EnclaveAgra14 January, 2014ToThe Chief MinisterUttar PradeshLucknow
Subject : Immediate requirement of Government Hospital in Agra.Respected SirAs a citizen of Agra, I want to draw your attention towards our problems. The poorand needy patients are suffering due to the lack of fully-equipped hospital in our city.Patients have to be rushed to Delhi for treatment if they are critical and need specialmedical attention. We, the people of Agra, will be grateful if you start the proceedingsfor a well-equipped Government Hospital in Agra at the earliest.Thanking You.Yours sincerely(Name)A concerned citizen
Ans. 2.26, BelanganjAgraToThe EditorTimes of Agra08 February, 2014
Subject : Monkey menace in our area.Respected Sir/MadamI am a resident of Belanganj which is situated in the heart of the city. Recently, therehas been a sudden increase in the monkey population in this area. The monkeys havebitten and injured many children as well as women. An old woman lost her life whenshe was attacked by the monkeys and fell down from the terrace of her house. I wantto draw the attention of the concerned authorities through your newspaper to takeimmediate action and rid the public of this menace and save the lives of the futurevictims.Yours sincerelyRohit Verma
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WORKSHEET- 15 (Carrying 5 Marks each)Ans. 1. 121-A, Ramesh Park
Lakshmi NagarDelhi.07 January, 2014My dear KamalHope my letter finds you in the best of health. This to tell you about a recent picnicwhich I enjoyed a lot. I had gone to Bharatpur Sanctuary with my classmates. Westarted early in the morning. The journey by road was enjoyable. Before we enteredwe had our breakfast. When we entered in the sanctuary, an awesome sight awaitedus. Let me tell you that Bharatpur is a bird sanctuary. It is home to a varied rarespecies of birds. I was thrilled to see the beauty and the secrets that nature has. Thebeauty and the calmness of the place took my breath away. We silently watched therarest birds in their natural habitats. It was a rare sight.You should also take off some time from your busy schedule to unravel the beauty ofnature. Convey my regards to Uncle and Aunty and give love to Mohit. Looking forwardto your visit to home.Yours lovinglyRohan
Ans. 2. K. D. SCHOOL, KOTANOTICE
07.01.2014TWO-DAYS TRIP TO JAIPUR !
Students of class VI are informed that a two-days trip to Jaipur by bus has beenorganized by the school. Interested students can give their names to the class teacheralong with a letter of permission from their parents, latest by 18th Jan. The trip isscheduled from 24th to 25th January, 2014. The cost of the trip is 800/- per studentand includes bus fare, sight-seeing, boarding and lodging, breakfast, lunch and dinner.Aditya SaxenaClass-VI B
Ans. 3. MY FAVOURITE BOOKBooks are our best companion. One should develop a habit of reading books regularly.My favourite book is the Famous Five Series. These books are full of adventure andsuspense. One is hooked to the book till the last page or until the mystery is solved.The series consists of five friends and their dog, Timothy. They always have amysterious case in hand to solve. After facing a lot of difficulties and using their brainthey solve the mystery courageously. It is a series worth reading.
Ans. 4. MAJOR DHYAN CHANDMajor Dhyan Chand was born on August 29, 1905 in Prayag, Allahabad. He joined theIndian Army in 1922. He was a part of Indian Hockey Team to Olympics, Holland in1928. In 1932, he participated in Los Angeles Olympics. He scored 33 goals in 12 matchesat Berlin Olympics, 1936. He died in New Delhi on 3rd December, 1979.
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C GRAMMAR1. DETERMINERS
Ans. 1. (a) an, an (b) a, an, the (c) an, a (d) an (1 Mark each)
Ans. 2. (a) The (b) This (c) who (d) These
(e) his (f) your (g) few (h) their 8 = 4
Ans. 3. (a) ThatDemonstrative, YourPossessive
(d) littleQuantitative (1 Mark each)
Ans. 4. (a) will (b) should (c) shall (d) should
(e) may (f) could (g) might (h) would 8 = 4
2. ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE
WORKSHEET- 17Ans. 1. (a) Fifty runs were scored by Dhoni. 1 8 = 8
(b) Food is cooked by Ritu.
(c) America was discovered by Columbus.
(d) Our diary has been lost by us.
(e) Cricket will be played by Ankur.
(f) My scooter has been sold by me.
(g) He is loved by everyone.
(h) Food has been cooked by my mother.
Ans. 2. (a) My friend solved the sum. 1 8 = 8
(b) Mohan will write an essay.
(c) Children had made beautiful paintings.
(d) I have thrown the ball.
(e) The postman delivers letters.
(f) They are distributing sweets among the children.
(g) The principal gave me a prize.
(h) I love animals.
Ans. 3. (a) has been brought to a halt 1 4 = 4
(b) were felicitated
(c) has been introduced
(d) were honoured
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WORKSHEET- 18Ans. 1. (a) and (b) or (c) but (d) or 8 = 4
(e) yet (f) so that (g) if (h) until
Ans. 2. (a) if (b) but (c) yet (d) yet 8 = 4(e) because (f) because (g) but (h) or
Ans. 3. (a) Mohan is running and Sonia is jumping. 1 8 = 8(b) He is poor but honest.(c) I cannot go to school because I am ill.(d) The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.(e) He is rich but unhappy.(f) Ram went to the river and swam in it.(g) You must work hard or you will fail.(h) The boy is slim but his sister is fat.
Ans. 1. (a) smaller (b) stronger (c) better (d) loveliest(e) better (f) heavier (g) highest (h) less 8 = 4
Ans. 2. (a) better (b) the best (c) closest (d) many(e) more (f) fine (1 Mark each)
Ans. 3. (a) Comparative (b) Comparative (c) Superlative(d) Comparative (e) Superlative (f) Comparative (1 Mark each)
WORKSHEET- 20Ans. 1. (a) away (b) here (c) out (d) here
(e) down (f) everywhere (g) downstairs (h) forward(i) inside (j) near
Ans. 2. (a) upstairs/downstairs/inside/outside (Adverb of place)(b) fast (Adverb of manner)(c) bravely (Adverb of manner)(d) always (Adverb of time)(e) slowly (Adverb of manner)(f) above (Adverb of place)(g) tomorrow/today (Adverb of time)(h) happily (Adverb of manner)
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(i) soon (Adverb of time)(j) early (Adverb of time)
Ans. 3. (a) how (b) always (c) when (d) well(e) gracefully (f) How (g) loudly (h) well
Ans. 4. (a) well(b) sing well(c) works lazily(d) earn millions/make millions
WORKSHEET- 21Ans. 1. (a) froze (b) came, spun (c) taught
(d) ate (e) fell
Ans. 2. (a) (i) goes (b) (ii) was driving, (iii) appeared(c) (iv) am watching (d) (v) lost
Ans. 3. (a) asked (b) queued (c) told (d) stood(e) was (f) saw (g) received (h) was
Ans. 4. (i) a (ii) b (iii) c (iv) d(v) a (vi) b (vii) c (viii) d(ix) a (x) b
WORKSHEET- 22Ans. 1. (a) are, (b) in, (c) can,
(d) more, (e) than.Ans. 2. Error Correction
(i) to of(ii) belonged belongs(iii) using used(iv) in over(v) yield yielded
Ans. 3. Error Correction(a) went go(b) got get(c) scare scared(d) go going(e) give gave(f) broke break(g) have had(h) working work
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(i) were will(j) stayed stay
Ans. 4. (a) There were two (b) He goes to(c) Plane is in (d) Mangoes are delicious
8. REPORTED SPEECH
WORKSHEET- 23Ans. 1. Direct to Indirect
(a) She said that she was a top-class singer.(b) You said that he was a very good athelete.(c) The boy told his companion to keep quiet.(d) The shop assistant said that the cost of the tea-set is 500/-.(e) He asked me if I had done my homework.(f) Neha asked me if I was going to help them.
Ans. 2. (a) she was going to enjoy the sandwich.....(b) if she was sure .....(c) she had already eaten too much .....(d) to just have a glass of milk.....
Ans. 3. Indirect to Direct :(a) She said, I am fifteen years old.(b) The teacher said, Why are you making a noise Rohan.(c) He asked, Who has taught you ?(d) The geography teacher said, The earth is round.(e) He asked, Where do you live ?
Ans. 4. (ii) did she(iv) she could(iv) she needed(iii) to enjoy herself
WORKSHEET- 24Ans. 1. (a) are
(b) doing(c) are hanging(d) are trying(e) have(f) is moving(g) is looking(h) is crying(i) is looking(j) are having
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Ans. 2. (a) the(b) An, the(c) The, the(d) the(e) The, the(f) The, the, the(g) The(h) The, the, the(i) The, the, the(j) the
Ans. 3. (a) since(b) but(c) as(d) or(e) and
Ans. 4. (a) today(b) two(c) slowly(d) well(e) always
Ans. 1. (a) shorter(b) most beautiful(c) dearest(d) many(e) more
Ans. 2. (a) children, balls(b) ducks(c) pencils(d) mangoes(e) tooth(f) dog, animal(g) parrot, pet(h) lions, caves(i) mother, child(j) bats, balls
Ans. 3. (a) bunch(b) team(c) book(d) river(e) cricketer(f) wood, steel
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(g) fish(h) thief(i) honesty(j) hare
Ans. 4. (a) what a lovely rose!(b) It is a nice kick.(c) Did she behave well there ?(d) Please lend me your book.(e) Will you show me your house ?
Ans. 1. (a) on(b) that(c) their(d) amidst(e) of(f) included(g) many(h) entitled
Ans. 2. (a) Indias economy mainly depends upon agriculture(b) Two of our opening batsmen took positions(c) I was all alone and they were many(d) What I saw was a terrible sight(e) Sandy beaches provide a variety of shells(f) Each continent has many great rivers(g) This young generation is a bright one(h) A periscope contains two mirrors
Ans. 3. Before Missing Word After(a) We are living(b) forces of human(c) cannot b destroyed(d) factor of modern(e) can be kept(f) feeling for all(g) love of our(h) nothing is missing
Ans. 4. (a) what she was doing(b) she was watching T.V.(c) when her next paper was(d) why she was not studying
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D HONEYSUCKLE1. WHO DID PATRICKS HOMEWORK
(A) 1. (a) The elf said these lines. 1 3 = 3(b) The elf wants Patrick to go to the library.(c) The elf demands more and more books from the library.
2. (a) Patrick never did homework. 1 4 = 4(b) He considered his homework to be too boring.(c) His teachers told him to do his homework otherwise he would not learn anything.(d) Sometimes Patrick felt that he was uneducated and an discard boy.
3. (a) The cat was playing with a doll. 1 4 = 4(b) No, it was not a doll but an elf.(c) The elf wore little wool shirt and old britches.(d) The elf asked him not to send him to the cat again.
4. (a) The little man showed anger. He grimaced, scowled and pursed his lips. 1 3 = 3(b) The little mans problem was that he never went to school and did not know the
subjects.(c) He asked Patrick to bring him a dictionary and read the words to him.
(B) 1. The elf wanted Patrick to sit beside him and guide him in English, by looking up thewords in the dictionary and in Maths by doing addition, subtraction, division andfractions. He sent him to the library for more books. 2
2. The little elfs face wrinkled. He kicked his legs, and doubled his fists. He grimaced,scowled and shouted loudly. 2
3. Patrick thought that his cat was playing with a doll. But he was mistaken. The dollwas really a little man or elf. 2
4. The little man was in serious trouble or danger. So he appealed to Patrick to save hislife from the cat. In return he promised to fulfil one wish of Patrick. 2
5. Patrick wished that the little man or elf should do all his homework till the end of thesession. 2
6. The little man needed Patricks help in English, Maths and History. 27. Truly speaking, it was not the elf but Patrick himself who had done all the
homework. 2(C) (i) Arjun wanted a motor-cycle but to his surprise his father bought him a car.
(ii) True to his word, Rajat married Nisha. 1 2 = 2(D) 1. He was tiny and afraid of animals. He wore a wool shirt and a high tall hat. He
was a too short nag who yelled a lot. He made Patrick work hard to complete hishomework. 5
2. Patrick met an elf, who was neither human nor animal. He was supernatural andpossessed powers. No, he was not intelligent. 5
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2. A HOUSE, A HOME
(A) 1. (a) The house is made up of bricks, stones and hard wood. 1 4 = 4(b) Other things that are needed to make the house are roof, windows, doors and fine
plaster.(c) A yard means an open piece of land which is enclosed and it gives a grand look to
the house.(d) The chimneys are installed on the roof over the kitchen to vent out the smoke
from cooking.2. (a) According to the poet a house is made up of bricks, stone, wood, glass, chimneys,
tile floors, stucco, roof and doors. 1 4 = 4(b) A house is an infrastructure made up of bricks, cement, iron, and hard wood,
whereas a home constitutes mutual love, affection and bondage among theinhabitants or family members.
(c) A family (including brothers and sisters, father and mother) and their unselfishlove for each other constitute a home.
(d) Its unselfish act means selfless love and care of the inhabitants of the housefor each other.
(B) 1 In a home we are surrounded by love, selfless acts, kindness, sharing, and care. 22. A home is called sweet home because the souls occupying it love each other. They
keep the home in order and tidy. They do all sorts of repair to keep home healthy andliveable. 2
(C) (a) projecting roof (b) Architectural Decoration 6 = 3(c) Not selfish (d) Projected floor area(e) Outlet for smoke (f) Taking care
(D) 1. A home has people in it who are related to each other and are caring and sharing. Ahouse is a lifeless structure made of mud, mortar bricks, steel, and wood. It can be avacant house or can have people living in it. According to me a home is better as weare surrounded with love and care.
3. HOW THE DOG FOUND HIMSELF A NEW MASTER !
(A) 1. (a) Dogs once lived like their own masters, in freedom. 1 4 = 4(b) Dogs did not like to wander lonely in search of food and there was constant fear of
stronger animals.(c) Dog decided to serve some strong master, who could assure him of food and
protection.(d) looking for, sick
2. (a) The wolf lifted his nose to sniff some well-known smell. 1 4 = 4(b) The smell of bear made the wolf run deeper into the forest.(c) The mere thought that bear might eat up both of them frightened him.(d) Smelt, raised.
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(B) 1. The dog wanted to serve rather than be served because he was sick and tired ofwandering lonely in search of food and feeling scared of those who were stronger. If hehad a master, then he would protect him and also give him food.
2. The bear was afraid of the lion because the lion was stronger than him and could eathim up.
3. The lion was afraid of man because although man is physically not as strong as a lionbut he has got brain. He has captivated, hunted and killed lions.
4. The dog found man the strongest because even the lion who is the king of the junglewas afraid of man.
5. The wolf sniffed the air and ran to hide in the bushes because he had seen a bear.6. Because the dog did not like the life they were leading. He was tired of going about in
search of food alone. Therefore, he felt the need to have a master.7. The dog first choose a big wolf as his master, but since wolf was scared of bear, he left
him presuming that bear was stronger than him.8. Next, the dog chose bear as his master.9. The dog served the lion longer because the lion was stronger than all the animals.
Under his custody the dog was safe and fed well.10. The dog finally chose man as his master because, although the lion was stronger but
he was scared of man. Therefore, the dog considered man as the strongest creatureon earth and took up service with him.
(C) (a) wolf (b) wolf (c) mooing (d) dog. 4 = 2(D) 1. The dog prefer a strong master to life in the jungle because he was ill pleased with his
way of life. He was sick and tired of wandering about by himself looking for food andbeing frightened of those who were stronger than he. 5
2. Big wolf he smelt a bear and ran away in fear. 5Bear He couldnt kill the cows as he was afraid of the voice of a lion.Lion He was afraid of man.
4. THE KITE
(A) 1. (a) The new kite looks bright and beautiful in the blue sky. (1 mark each)(b) The kite goes up and down and when the wind blows again it goes up.(c) The kite waves its tail when the wind blows and it goes up.(d) The kite fills the air in its sail like a ship and rides over the current of the winds.
2. (a) Climb on the crest means the kite was going up and up and goes on the top of thewind.
(b) The wind moves the kite by its movement.(c) When the wind stops, the kite becomes weak.(d) When the wind stops the kite becomes weak, and the flier wraps its thread.
3. (a) The kite runs when new breeze blows.(b) The kite fills its wings with air.(c) The kite looks shabby when it gets entangled in the branches of the tree.
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(B) 1. When there are waves in the sea, the ship bobs up and down with the waves. Itappears to ride high or seems to dive down when the waves break. Similarly, the kiterises high in the sky when its wings are filled with air, but when the speed of the windbecomes slow, it takes a dip and seems to rest. (2 marks each)
2. When the kite comes down too low, its string gets caught in the branches of a tree sothe bright and beautiful new kite becomes a tattered and torn piece.
(C) 1. The kite appears to dive and take a turn with its tail and then soars high up just likea ship that rides and dives the crests and troughs of the waves. When the stringbecomes loose, new wind once again fills its wings and the kite again soars high intothe skies. 5
5. TAROS REWARD
(A) 1. (a) Taros Reward (1 mark each)(b) He heard a sound(c) The possibility that the sound was that of water(d) Because he was thirsty(e) Still waters, forget
2. (a) Taro was a young woodcutter.(b) The source of his livelihood was chopping woods in the forest.(c) He earned very little money this made him sad.(d) He wanted to give his parents everything they needed.(e) soft, enough.
(B) (2 marks each)1. Taro was sadder than ever because he earned very little therefore he was unable to
buy the expensive drink sake for his father.2. The old woman wanted to tell the whole village about the magical waterfall therefore
she left Taros hut in a hurry.3. Taro stopped chopping wood because he heard the sound of rushing water which he
had never heard before.4. Taro was tired and thirsty so he ran in the direction of the sound to look for water.5. The people were angry and disappointed because the water that they had filled in
their pitchers did not taste like sake. They felt they had been cheated.6. As soon as Taros father drank sake, he stopped shivering and he was very delighted
so he danced a little with joy.7. The waterfall gave Taro sake because he was hard working and very sincere. Besides,
he was obedient to his parents, whereas other people were greedy and dishonest.8. When the villagers tasted the liquid from waterfall they found it simply cold water.
They felt themselves cheated. Therefore, they wanted to drown him in the waterfall.9. The Emperor rewarded Taro in order to encourage other children to obey their
parents.(C) (i) rudely (ii) after
(iii) foolish (iv) ugly = 4 = 2
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(D) 1. Taro was a young woodcutter who loved his parents immensely. He was saddened ashe could not provide them with everything they needed. He loved, respected andobeyed his parents. He was good and kind-hearted.
2. The magic waterfall dissapoint other villagers because they were not as kind, goodand loving as Taro. The king rewarded Taro with 20 pieces of gold.
6. THE QUARREL
(A) 1. (a) The poet quarrelled with her brother. (1 mark each)(b) The point of quarrel was a very mild one.
(c) The outcome of the quarrel was that, they started hating each other.
(d) The poet knew that she was right and her brother was wrong.
2. (a) The poet and her brother hated each other.(b) The afternoon turned black because it looked dull and unpleasant.
(c) The poets brother thumped her back.
(d) The brothers confession ended up into friendship.
(B) 1. brother-another, about-out, slight-right, strong-wrong, black-back, along-wrong.2. The quarrel lasted for about half-a-day from afternoon till it was dark.3. The brother realised his mistake and ended the fight by accepting his fault. He patted
on his sisters back asked her to forgive and forget.
4. First when one of the two realises the foolishness and goes to the other feeling sorry.A brother cant see his brother in pain or sorrow. (2 marks each)
(C) 1. They fought on petty matters. They shouted at each other and blamed each other.The fight was resolved when the brother accepted his mistake. (4 marks)
7. AN INDIAN-AMERICAN WOMAN INSPACE : KALPANA CHAWLA
(A) 1. (a) The only obstacle Kalpana faced in obtaining her masters degree was oppositionfrom her parents.
(b) Kalpana earned her Ph.D. in aerospace engineering.
(c) The launched pad where Kalpanas space shuttle crashed was Cape Canaveral,Florida.
(d) Her family celebrated the successful mission alongwith staff of Kennedy SpaceCenter, U.S.A.
2. (a) Kalpana was the first Indo-American girl to go into space.(b) She sent her message from abroad the space shuttle, Columbia.
(c) She sent the message to the students of her college.
(d) The path from dreams to success means that is possible for dreams to come trueand be successful in life.
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(B) 1. She was born at Karnal in Haryana. She went to USA after the completion of hergraduate degree and was given naturalised U.S. citizenship. Thus, she is called Indo-American.
2. She went to USA in order to pursue her Masters degree. She married a flight instructorJean Pierre Harrison.
3. She applied in NASA and was selected as Research Scientist in 1994. Her first spacemission as an astronaut was in space shuttle, Columbia. She was a qualified aviator soshe could fly airplanes. This made her to think about being an astronaut.
4. When asked what it was like being a woman in her field she replied that being awoman never hindered her determination of doing what she always wanted to do. Shehad her own dreams and ambitions and she followed them. The people around her,her colleagues and family always supported her.
5. The crew performed experiments such as pollinating flowers to observe food growthin space and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips.
6. While in space Kalpana Chawla sent a message to the students of her college inChandigarh that the path from dream to reality really existed and prayed that theyshould have vision to realize the same. She wished them a great journey. Yes, I agreewith her.
7. Kalpana Chawlas first space mission lasted for 15 days 16 hours and 34 minutes. Shetook 252 rounds around the earth and travelled 10.45 million kms. Her crew membersincluded one Japanese and one Ukranian astronaut.
8. Kalpna Chawla graduated in aeronautical engineering then did her Masters and earnedher Ph.D. in aerospace engineering. She was a licensed pilot and a certified flightinstructor. She was later chosen for training as an astronaut.
9. To become an astronaut, one needs enormous ability. One should have knowledgeabout biology, astrophysics, aeronautical engineering, etc. In short, one must haveencyclopaedic knowledge.
10. Kalpna Chawla was a role model for millions of young Indians. A girl from a smalltown touched the skies and became an inspiration. In her message from her spaceshuttle, she insisted that the path from dreams to success does exist. You only needthe vision to find that path and follow your dreams. She also wished the student agreat journey on this path to success.
(C) (i) I joined Merchant Navy against great opposition from my parents.
(ii) The bomb blasted off killing 11 people.
(iii) My father is licensed to keep fire arms.
(iv) Carry on the good work.
(D) 1. The message she sent from the space shuttle was The path from dreams tosuccesss does exist. May you have the vision to find it. . Wishing you a greatjouney.
2. Kalpna Chawla was the first Indian American girl to go into space. She was a qualifiedpilot and also a certified flight instructor. Her first space mission in the space shuttle,Columbia lasted for about 16 days. Her achievements are inspiration to millions ofyoung Indians.
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(A) 1. (a) The poem is Beauty and the poet is E-Yeh Shure. (1 mark each)(b) According to the poet beauty can be seen in the sunlight, trees, birds, corn growing
and people working.(c) By corn growing the poet mean that beauty is widespread in sunlight, green
trees, twittering birds, growing crops, hardworking people and in their happyharvest dance.
2. (a) When nature shows its soul, beauty can be heard.(b) Wind singing means the nature of the wind. When it blows and pauses it looks as
if the wind is breathing.(c) Rain falling and singer chanting.
(B) 1. Beauty is visible in everything around usthe beautiful sunshine, the trees, birdsand the corn growing in the fields and beauty is also to see people dancing happilyafter their harvest.
2. Beauty can be heard in the whistling sound of wind and the sound of the falling raindrops. You can also hear beauty in the gurgling of a flowing river and the rustling ofleaves.
3. Beauty is a feeling of the heart, produced when you admire something beautiful.4. Wind sighing means taking a long and loud breath. When the wind blows, it appears
to be making this sound. The poet has personified the wind here.5. The poet says that there is beauty within yourself in your deeds that are good, and if
your thoughts are happy. (2 marks each)(C) 1. Beauty can be heard in the whistling sound of the wind at night , in the pitter-patter
of rain drops, in the melody of a singer. Beauty lies in the sunlight, the trees, thechirping of the birds, corn fields and the farmers working in their fields. Beauty is inthe good deeds of a person and in his happy thoughts. (4 marks)
9. A DIFFERENT KIND OF SCHOOL
(A) 1. (a) By thoughtfulness Miss Beam meant kindness, fellow feeling and senstivity towardsmisfortune.
(b) Because she wanted to show the author the reality of the school.(c) The author saw some children playing merrily.(d) The author was pained because those children were not healthy and active.
2. (a) The important part of the system is to make the children appreciate the misfortune.(b) Miss Beam is narrating the unique features to the author.(c) The children are made to observe blind day, injured day, deaf day and blind day to
feel the plight of misfortune.(d) The blind day is observed by putting bandage on the eyes. This bandage remains
the whole day and whole night. The blind folded student is helped by other fellowstudents. (1 mark each)
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(B) 1. The writer had heard a lot about Miss Beams school. He wanted to see what kind ofschool it was and what was its teaching method.
2. Miss Beam was a middle aged and authoritative woman. She was kind andunderstanding. Since she was middle-aged, her hair had started turning grey. She hada motherly plump figure.
3. The real aim of Miss Beams school was to inculcate thoughtfulness and kindness inthe children by themselves, experiencing the same pain and helplessness that a blind,deaf, dumb or lame child will feel.
4. .... one injured day and one dumb day.5. Blind day was the hardest because it always gave the feeling of being hit by something
every moment.6. To make the children understand and appreciate misfortune, they were made to keep
one day each term as a blind day, deaf day, dumb day and injured day.7. On a dumb day, the children were expected to be honest and exercise their will-power.
Because the mouth cannot be bandaged. That is why some children felt dumb day wasthe most difficult day.
8. The purpose behind these special days was to make the children understand andappreciate the misfortune. This way they learnt to help the misfortunes and handicaps.
9. Amongst the bad days, the day when the arm was tied up was troublesome, becauseyou need help from eating and doing any other work. Being blind on the blind day wasalso bad day because of the headaches and all the time there was fear of getting hurt.
10. The game of becoming blind, lame, deaf or dumb for a day helped the children tounderstand the pain of misfortune and the need to help the sufferer. (2 marks each)
(C) (i) disable (ii) bad luck (iii) sorrow (iv) pains ( 4 = 2)(D) 1. The school followed new methods of teaching to make children more thoughtful and
kind to those who were differently abled. The aim was to teach new thoughts andideas but to be more thoughtful and kind to those who were not so privileged.
2. To make children understand what misfortune is, they were made to share it byobserving one blind day, one lame day, one deaf day, one injured and one dumb dayeach term. After a walk with the blind girl the author became ten times more thoughtfulthan before. (5 marks each)
10. WHERE DO ALL THE TEACHERS GO ?
WORKSHEET- 36(A) (1 mark each)
1. (a) The child poet asks these questions, because children always treat their teachersas special.
(b) He feels that teachers are special-one and do not do all those things which acommon man do.
(c) He feels so because teachers are special and he always live in fear of them. Hefeels that teachers go to their homes and rest with their family members.
2. (a) They are the teachers.(b) The poet is eager to know whether the teachers live with their family, he wants
to know if teachers were ever punished for stealing chocolates.(c) Bad children are mischievous. They pinch the chocolate flakes and do all sorts of
naughty activities to harm others.
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(B) 1. The child is curious to know all about his teacher what he/she does after school.2. Probably the child imagines his teacher to be perfect in every way, one who is smartly
dressed all the time, one who knows everything, one who has all good manners, inshort one who never commits any mistakes at all.
3. Pick their noses means clean the nose with a finger, which is considered bad manners.4. When the teacher teaches in class, he/she knows everything, in fact he/she shows the
right path to the children if they commit mistakes. The child therefore wonders if theall knowing teacher has ever made any mistakes.
5. The child wants to follow the teacher to know what he/she does at home, how he/shelives, has he/she got parents. The child wants to write all this information in a poem.
6. The poet is very curious to know where the teachers go after day break. He refuses tobelieve that they are like other children who go to their home after school.
7. According to the poet the normal people rush to their homes. They change theirclothes, watch T.V. and pick their nose and stay with the members of the family.
(2 marks each)
11. WHO I AM ?
WORKSHEET- 37PART I
(A) 1. (a) Radhas favourite hobby is to climb the tree. (1 mark each)(b) Radha climbs the guava tree, outside her house.(c) Her mother tells her that it was not sensible for girls to climb the tree.(d) Sitting high up in the tree, she always feels she can rule the world.
2. (a) Nasir wants to become a seed collector.(b) He wants to collect cotton seeds because he wants to save the money being spent
on seeds every year.(c) He wants to learn how seeds are preserved.(d) Growth; collection; preserver.
3. (a) Rohit will travel a lot with lots of money.(b) Rohit would like to go to see the mountains in New Zealand, Amazon river in
America, beaches of Lakshadweep, Sun Temple of Konark and Pyramids of Egypt.(c) Konark Temple is dedicated to Sun God.(d) He prefers to see nature as compared to old buildings.
(B) 1. He wants to use them again and save money every year. ( 4 = 2)2. To keep his anger under control.3. Find a cure for diseases and send spaceship to Mars.4. He wants to dive down into the sea to see the corals.
(C) 1. He wants to know about ways of preserving seeds to save money. (2 marks each)2 Radhas mother says that it is not sensible for girls to climb trees. Probably she is
scared that Radha might fall and hurt herself.3. Cotton is grown in Nasirs field.4. Serbjits younger brother starts the fight but when he tells his parents, they do not
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5. Second Sunday is Peters favourite day because his father takes the whole family towatch a movie in the cinema hall where he enjoys eating peanuts and ice-cream.
PART II(A) 1. Verbal intelligence is related to the use of words and language. You speak well and
think in words rather than pictures.2. If you have visual intelligence you are good at reading, writing, understanding maps,
charts, graphs, sketching, painting, etc.3. People with musical intelligence can become musicians, disco jockey, singer, composer,
etc.4. If you have interpersonal intelligence, you can understand other peoples problems
and counsel them. You can organize events.5. If you are good with numbers, reasoning and logic, you possess mathematical
intelligence. (2 marks each)(B) 1. (g) 2. (d) 3. (e) 4. (h)
5. (a) 6. (f) 7. (b) 8. (c) ( 8 = 4)(C) 1. Rohit is an adventurous and nature loving boy. Serbjit gets angry because nobody
trusts him even when he is telling the truth. He has to make an effort to keep hisanger under control. Dolma solves everyones problems and her teachers also trusther. (4 marks)
12. THE WONDERFUL WORDS
(A) (1 mark each)
1. (a) Thoughts should not die because they are important to be expressed.
(b) Because learning English with words is like a game.
(c) The only thing required to express our ideas is to match the words with thoughts.
(d) Mary ONeil is the poet.
2. (a) Many beautiful things are yet to be born because of the drying up of thoughts.
(b) Words nourish the thoughts therefore they are called so.
(c) They help thoughts to get liberated from prison.
(d) Everyone really wants to hear new and fresh thoughts.
(B) 1. To play the wonderful game of English, all that you have to do is to select the bestwords that suit your thoughts and pen them down.
2. If you eat good food and dress properly, your personality looks good. Similarly, if youuse the best words to express your thoughts, the outcome of your expression will beexcellent that is why words are called the food and dress of thought. (2 marks each)
(C) (i) (d) (ii) (c)
(iii) (a) (iv) (e)
(v) (b) (vi) (f) ( mark each)
(D) Words are the food and dress of thought. Words we speak bring out our thoughts. Thoughtscan be freed from the prism of our eyes and mind by using proper words. (5 marks)
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13. FAIR PLAY
(A) 1. (a) An old aunt of Jumman called the first Panchayat. (1 mark each)(b) Because the Panch is impartial like God and everybody is equal in his eyes.(c) Jumman was very happy.(d) (i) abide (ii) nominate
2. (a) Jumman was cross examined by Algu and other people.(b) Algu announced that Jumman must pay monthly allowance to his aunt or should
return her property.(c) They were not friends anymore.(d) Jumman was now Algus enemy and wanted his revenge.
(B) 1. The bond of friendship between Algu Chowdhry and Jumman Shaikh was so strongthat when either of them went away from the village, the other looked after hisfamily.
2. (a) The old woman is speaking to Algu.(b) Algu was being asked to come to the Panchayat.
3. Algu decided in favour of the old woman and against his friend Jumman. The resultwas that the bond of friendship between them was broken and they became enemies.
4. The Panchayat was held a second time after some months to solve Algu Chowdhrysand Samjhu Sahus case. Algu had sold his bullock to Sahu but Sahu had refused topay for it because the bullock died after some days.
5. On being appointed as Panch, Jumman realised his responsibility as a judge and thedignity of that post. A Panch has no friend nor enemy. He has to do only justice.
6. Very few of the villagers sympathised with the aunt. Most of the villagers laughed ather and asked her to patch up with Jumman.
7. Jumman and Algu were fast friends. When Algu was nominated Sarpanch, Jummanfelt happy because he was confident of a decision in his favour.
8. She meant that the Panch is always impartial. He has neither friends nor enemy. Healways delivers a fair, just and true decision.
9. As head Panch Algu delivered his verdict in favour of the aunt. He set aside all hispersonal feelings. He announced that Jumman must pay monthly allowance to theaunt or surrender her property back to her. Jumman took it as enemity towards him.
10. After some time Algu had a problem. He sold out one of his bullocks to Samjhu Sahuon the condition that the money would be paid in a months time. When Algu went totake the money, Sahu refused to pay as the bullock had already died. Algu had to takeshelter with Panchayat. (2 marks each)
(C) (i) False (ii) False (iii) True (iv) True ( 4 = 2)
(D) 1. When Jumman became the head Panch, he realised the responsibility attached to theseat of honour. He took a fair decision and ordered Sahu to pay for the bullock. Thismade them get over their bitterness.
2. Friendship is more desirable. When a person is given a responsibility, he hears thevoice of his conscience and knows only justice. (5 marks each)
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14. A GAME OF CHANCE
(A) 1. (a) I is referred to Rasheed. (1 mark each)(b) Rasheed was looking at Bhaiya.
(c) He took several chances till his entire money was exhausted.
(d) He could not win good prizes but only cheap prizes, and he lost all the money.
2. (a) Child refers to Rasheed.(b) They were the friends of the shopkeeper.
(c) They themselves played the game and won many attractive prizes.
(d) Uncle suggested him to forget about his loss and not to tell his story offoolishness to anybody.
(B) 1. In Rasheeds village, there was a big fair on the occasion of Eid. Traders from far andwide came to sell their goods.
2. Rasheed was not winning costly items like other people so he was going on trying hisluck again and again.
3. The people around him were laughing at his bad luck. They did not show any sympathy.4. Uncle bought a beautiful umbrella, biscuits, sweets and some other gift items for
5. Rasheeds uncle warned him not to buy anything from the fair nor to go very far.6. The lesson is named as A Game of Chance because at the Lucky Shop, people try
their luck in the hope of doubling their money, but one can never be sure of winning.Gambling is a game of chance because there are equal chances of either winning orlosing all you money.
7. (a) Rasheeds uncle is speaking to Rasheed.(b) Rasheed was upset because he had lost a lot of money at the Lucky Shop.
8. Uncle was very well aware of the fact that the clever shopkeeper could cheat a littleboy. Therefore, he warned Rasheed neither to buy anything in his absence, nor go farfrom that place .
9. The shop was called Lucky Shop, because the shop gave a chance to try a luck. In theshop there were discs branded with numbers. One had to pick up six discs at 50 paiseand total the numbers. He could win an article worth the number.
10. An old man had won beautiful clock worth 15. He returned the clock for 15 to theshopkeeper and took the cash instead.
11. The boy won four prizes. These included a comb, a fountain pen, a wrist watch and atable lamp. (2 marks each)
(C) 1. The game of chance means the game of luck. If the luck favoured, the people wongifts. The author learnt that there was nothing like luck. People should keep theirmind open otherwise they would easily be befooled.
2. The shopkeeper had posted his men in the crowd who lured people to try their luck bywinning gifts in the game of luck. (5 marks each)
P-27S O L U T I O N S
(A) 1. (a) The child himself. (1 mark each)(b) Questions him.(c) Heated, scorched.(d) The gardener.
2. (a) To keep watch at night.(b) Lantern.(c) A giant with one red eye in its head.(d) Because it is night time and everyone is asleep.
(B) 1. A small child, who does not know what life is and what exact vocation one shouldfollow, is the speaker of this poem. First he met a hawker, then a gardener and lastlythe watchman. The hawker was selling bangles, the gardener was digging the groundand watchman was standing guarding the whole night.
2. The child wishes for a carefree life with no restrictions like that of a hawker, a gardeneror a watchman who dont have to bother about returning home on time, or gettingscolded for soiling clothes, or going to bed.
3. (a) The poet means to say that nobody scolds the gardener for soiling his clothes, orsitting in the sun, digging the soil or getting wet in the rain.
(b) When the watchman walks swinging his lantern, the shadows fall by his side andappear to walk with him. The watchman seems to be following his shadow.
(2 marks each)(C) (i) glass
(ii) a vendor who roams about from one lane to another selling his goods.(iii) monster(iv) going after ( mark each)
(D) 1. To be a hawker because he can go anywhere at any time, a gardener and also to be awatchman. The child wishes for a carefree life with no restrictions like that of ahawker, a gardener or a watchman who dont have to bother about returning home ontime, or getting scolded for soiling clothes and going to bed. (4 marks each)
16. DESERT ANIMALS
(A) 1. (a) The extract has been taken from Desert Animals. (1 mark each)(b) The deserts are the driest places on earth.(c) A desert has either no rain or very scanty rain.(d) Some animals in deserts manage their living by finding their own ways. Either
they live in a hole or attract moisture or get their water from shrubs and desertplants.
2. (a) No, all the snakes are not harmful.(b) Most snakes lay eggs, but there are some which give birth to their young ones.(c) Rattle snake has a bad reputation.(d) Its rattle sound and its fast speed.
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3. (a) Mongooses are famous for their killing insects and attack.(b) Their swift movement and dodging tactics help the mongoose to fight against the
(c) They make the snakes tired and then kill them.
(d) (i) You stay there until he comes.
(ii) We eat so that we may live.
(B) 1. Most snakes hear through vibrations in the ground. If a person walks nearby, thesnake can feel the movement.
2. Rattle snakes kill their prey with poison. They feed on a variety of prey like rats,mice, chipmunks and other small animals.
3. Mongooses warn each other of danger with a special alarm call if they see any predator.4. Camels have long shaggy winter coats to keep them warm and shorter, neater coats
in summer to keep cool.
5. The hump of a camel helps it to survive in the desert by storing excess food as fat.This fat nourishes the camels when the food is scarce.
6. The desert animals find different ways to get and store water. Some animals, likegerbil, spend the hottest part of the day in cool underground burrows. Darkling beetlescatch and set the water from desert plants.
7. Mongooses are very clever hunters. They fight with the snakes without getting hurt.They attack the snake with electrical speed and dodge them every time. They makethe snake tired and then kill it. (2 marks each)
(C) (i) twittering, (ii) snakes, (iii) thirty, (iv) vibrations. (1 mark each)(D) 1. All the female mongooses have their kittens nearly at the same time. They make
their den inside an old termite mount or hollow log. The whole group helps to raisethe kittens. One or two adults stay back to guard the den while most of them go out insearch of food.
2. Camels are adapted to live in the desert. They have long feet. They live in groups.They have long shaggy coats for harsh winters and shorter coats for summer. Theyfill their stomach with water drinking about thirty gallons in ten minutes. They cansurvive without drinking water for upto ten months. They store excess food as fat intheir hump which they use when food is not easily available. Their mouths are sotough that they can easily eat thorny plants. (5 marks each)
17. WHAT IF
(A) 1. (a) The poet was imagining about what if . (1 mark each)(b) What if is supposition.
(c) Since we hear from the ear therefore words crawl into the ear.
(d) Pranced and partied means to stand on loud lively and dance.
2. (a) The poet thinks what if bus gets late.(b) The poet says that if his teeth dont grow in straight line, it would look bad.
(c) The poet imagines if What If strikes again at night.
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(B) 1. The speaker worries about his own well being, his school, his parents and the world atlarge. He wonders how he will cope up with the situations in the event of his beingdumb, getting beaten, is poisoned, is hit by lightning, is taken ill, lets his head becomesmaller. In a fit of wildness, he can also tear his pants. His parents get separated. Awar breaks out and the fish change their habits.
2. In these lines, the poet has some doubts and imaginary questions to which he refersto as What If. These fears haunt him at night. They disturb and trouble him byrepeatedly questioning what (will happen) if something unpleasant happens.
(2 marks each)3. (a) danced (b) move slowly
(c) fail (d) legally separated (1 mark each)4. The poet fears that : (5 marks each)
(1) What will happen if he gets closed in a swimming pool ?(2) He fears somebody might add poison to his cup.(3) He imagines that green hair might grow on his chest instead of black !(4) He fears that a bolt of lighting might strike him and he may die.(5) He weirdly imagines and fears that his parents might get divorced.
18. THE BANYAN TREE
(A) 1. (a) The lesson is The Banyan Tree written by Ruskin Bond. (1 mark each)(b) Squirrel was his first friend.(c) The squirrel resented the arrival of a stranger in its privacy.(d) It became very bold and started taking morsels from his pocket. Sometimes It
delved into his pocket and ate whatever it found.2. (a) The author made a crude platform half way up the tree.
(b) He had Treasure Island, Huckleberry Finn and The Story of Dr. Dolittle.(c) He made a library on the tree.(d) One afternoon the author had a peculiar view of a peculiar fight between a snake
and a mongoose.3. (a) Cobra knew that the grey mongoose was a superb fighter.
(b) Cobra was skilful and experienced fighter.(c) Cobra has its poison behind its long fangs.(d) It was a battle of champions.
(B) 1. The squirrel became friend with the author because he did not harm the squirrel. Hegave it pieces of cake and biscuits.
2. The banyan tree was the noisiest place in the garden because it was home to manykinds of birds and in spring when the banyan tree was full of red figs, the bulbul,myna, parrots and crows made a cheerful noise.
3. The author had built a crude platform on the banyan tree and when it was not too hot,in the afternoon, he would sit there and read his favourite books. If he did not feel likereading, he just looked down at the world below.
4. The crow was bitten by the snake and died.
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5. The mongoose is a small, three feet long animal yet a superb fighter. He is clever andaggressive. The mongoose is faster and quicker in motion than the cobra and thereforeoverpowers him soon.The cobra too is a skilful and experienced fighter. It stares at the opponent with glossyunwinking eyes. It moves swiftly and strikes with the speed of light. It has two fangsfull of deadly poison.
6. (a) he refers to a squirrel who had become friendly with the author.(b) The author started bringing pieces of cake. (2 marks each)
(C) (i) splendid, grand (ii) attacking(iii) participant in a fight (iv) magical spell(v) stopped (vi) small amount or piece of food. (1 mark each)
(D) 1. The story is about the life under an old banyan tree. The author sat under it andlooked at the world below. He witnessed many unforgettable incidents sitting underthe tree. One such incident was about the fight between a cobra and a mongoose.
2. The banyan tree was the noisiest place in the garden because it was home to manykinds of birds and in spring when the banyan tree was full of red figs, the bulbul,myna, parrots and crows made a cheerful noise. The author had built a crude platformon the banyan tree and when it was not too hot, in the afternoon, he would sit thereand read his favourite books. If he did not feel like reading, he just looked down at theworld below. (5 marks each)
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1. A TALE OF TWO BIRDS
WORKSHEET- 45(A) (2 marks each)
1. The king was amazed to see a big brown bird near a cave calling out to the robbers tocome quickly and rob the king of his jewels and horse. He was amazed a second timeagain when he reached a Rishis ashram and saw another similar big, brown birdgently welcoming him and asking him to make himself comfortable.
2. The second bird who lived near the Rishis ashram complained to the king that thebird in the forest near the robbers cave was his brother. He had befriended the robbers.He had learnt their foul language. He did not even talk to him any more.
3. The mother bird and two baby birds met with a misfortune. There was a big storm,with thunder and lightning and rain. The wind blew down many trees. The tree inwhich the birds lived was also uprooted. The mother bird died and the baby birds wereseparated from each other.
4. The talking birds which looked similar but behaved differently when they met theking at two different places surprised him.
5. A strong wind blew them away and separated them.One of them came down near the cave, where a gang of robbers lived and the otherone landed outside a Rishis ashram, a little distance away.
(B) 1. Yes ! I agree that one is known by the company one keeps because here in this storythe bird that lived in the company of the robbers, learnt to talk about robbing thepeople. The other bird who lived in the company of the Rishi repeated what he heardfrom him about welcoming people warmly.
2. The Rishi said, One is known by the company one keeps. That bird has always heardthe talk about robbing people. This one has repeated what he has always heard. Hewelcomes people to the ashram. (5 marks each)
2. THE FRIENDLY MONGOOSE
WORKSHEET- 46(A) (2 marks each)
1. The farmer brought the baby mongoose into the house because he wanted a companionfor his only son.
2. On returning home from the market, the wife saw the mongoose sitting outside. Theface and paws of the mongoose were smeared with blood. In a fit of anger she smashedthe mongoose with her heavy bag.
3. When the farmers wife went inside the room, she found her baby fast asleep in thecradle. A black snake was lying dead and bleeding on the floor.
4. Yes, she repented her hasty action and showed her repentance by touching his deadand still body. She also started crying at her rash action.
5. This lesson teaches us that we should not act in haste. We should think twice beforetaking any action.
A PACT WITH THE SUN(Supplementary Reader)
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(B) 1. When the farmers wife returned from the market, the mongoose greeted her at thedoor as he always used to do. The farmers wife noticed blood on its mouth and pawsand concluded that the mongoose had harmed her baby. So she angrily hit the mongooseand killed it instantly. But when she went inside and saw her baby sleeping peacefullyshe regretted and repented her hasty action.
2. No, I do not have a pet but yes, I would like to have a dog. I would feed him well. Iwould take him to the gardens. I would make him run. I would train him and makehim learn obedience. He would be as dear to me as my other family members. I amtotally against keeping birds in a cage because like us they always want freedom.Freedom is their birth right and we should not deprive them of their right.
(5 marks each)
3. THE SHEPHERDS TREASURE
WORKSHEET- 47(A) (2 marks each)
1. There was no change in the shepherds behaviour even after he became the governorof a small province. He was still as humble as ever.
2. When the chest was opened, the people were astonished to see that it did not containthe secretly collected treasure, but only an old blanket.
3. The king of the country visited the shepherd one day. He was very keen to visit himbecause he had heard a lot about his wisdom.
4. The new Governor was called to the palace because other Governors had lodged acomplaint against the lion to the king, that the new Governor was dishonest.
5. (a) Everyone was delighted to see the iron chest on the camels back because theywanted the new Governor to be punished.
(b) The king made him the Governor of a much bigger district that very day.(B) 1. The shepherd possessed a lot of good qualities. He was poor and illiterate yet wise. He
understood peoples sorrows and troubles and helped them to face their problems withcourage. He gave sound advice to people. He was kind and just to all when he becamethe governor. He was friendly and hospitable to travellers. He was a fair and wisegovernor yet humble.
2. Other Governors grew jealous of the shepherd because he very soon become thefavourite of the king due to his honesty and sincerity. They started speaking ill of himand accusing him of stealing from the taxes and hoarding money in an iron chest.
(5 marks each)
4. THE OLD-CLOCK SHOP
(A) 1. Ray communicated with his customers by writing on a notepad. (2 marks each)2. Ray gave the older man more money than the watch was worth because he knew that
the two men were in need of money so he wanted to help them. He also wanted toavoid a bad situation of a loot in his shop.
3. It is true that Ray was not a pawn broker but he was full of humanity. He could notsay no to anyone needy, who placed their old watches before him.
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4. It was an ordinary watch, but it was very powerful because it could relieve the manfrom his poor condition. He got fifty dollars. Perhaps he wanted this money forcelebrating christmas.
5. When Ray gave him fifty dollars for the watch, his unfriendly face became friendly. Hemust have shaken hands with Ray to show his gratitude.
(B) 1. Ray had understood that the two men were not customers but robbers. He feared thatthey had come to loot him. He had also seen a gun in the right coat pocket of the olderman. Ray was trying to hide his fear because he did not want the two men to knowthat he had understood their intention.
2. Ray was not a pawn broker but he was full of humanity. He could not say noto anyone needy, who placed their old watches before him. The story gives theidea about generosity and humanity. It spreads the message of peace, hope andgoodwill. (5 marks each)
WORKSHEET- 49(A) (2 marks each)
1. Tansen was the son of a singer Mukundan Misra. The singer and his wife lived inBehat, a village near Gwalior. Tansen was the only child of his parents and was verynaughty in his childhood. He used to play in the forest where he learnt to imitate thecalls of birds and animals perfectly.
2. We know that Akbar was fond of Tansen because :(a) Akbar would call upon Tansen to sing at any time during the day or night.
(b) Quite often he would just walk into Tansens house to hear him.
3. Shaakat Mians bright idea was to make Tansen sing Raga Deepak because heknew that if sung properly it could make the air so hot that the singer would be burntto ashes.
4. Tansen was downcast and unhappy because he knew that it was the evil design ofsome jealous courtiers to kill him.
5. (i) If Raga Deepak is sung properly, it will create too much heat. It will make air hot,rivers boil, leaves dry up and fall.
(ii) Because they wanted Tansen to burn to ashes.
(B) 1. Tansen had requested Emperor Akbar to give him time to prepare. He wanted time totrain his daughter Saraswati and her friend Rupvati to sing Raga Megh which wouldbring rain and extinguish the fire caused after singing Raga Deepak. Thus, Tansenwould be saved from burning to ashes.
2. Because Akbar asked him to sing Raga Deepak he could not disobey.He thought to himself that if someone sang Raga Megh, it would save him. He taughthis daughter Saraswati and her friend, Raga Megh. He asked them to sing only afterthe lamps started burning.
Yes, this plan worked well. As soon as he started singing, the air became hot, theaudience bathed in perspiration, the leaves dried up and fell, and then river waterstarted boiling. Suddenly, flames shot up and lighted lamps. Just then the two girlsstarted singing Raga Megh, and Tansen was saved. (5 marks each)
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6. THE MONKEY AND THE CROCODILE
WORKSHEET- 50(A) (2 marks each)
1. The crocodiles wife was very angry and she dived deep inside the water to hide herselfat the bottom of the river. She even left her little ones to trouble their father.
2. When the crocodile with the monkey on his back, reached midstream, he told themonkey about his evil plan of killing him because his wife could not survive withouteating his (the monkeys) heart.
3. The monkey was scared and distressed. He knew his life was in danger. But he wasvery wise. He kept his cool and quickly thought of a plan.
4. On reaching back to his tree, the monkey plucked a few fruits and threw them downtowards the crocodile telling him to go and give them to his wife. Fruits are good forthe mind and body more than a monkeys heart. He bade him good bye and told himnever to meet again.
5. Monkey kept him cool and said that he should have told him before so that he couldhave brought his heart along. He asked the crocodile to turn back immediately.
(B) 1. The crocodiles wife was angry when he had overstayed with the monkey and she hadto look after the baby crocodiles alone. She asked him who this friend was. The crocodiletold her about the monkey and said that he was very nice as he used to send fruits forher. She then demanded to eat his heart. The crocodile shouted at her and refused todeceive his friend. She asked the crocodile to bring the monkey to her but he refused.She got angry and dived deep into the river.
2. The last sentence of the story - He was in a hurry to tell his wife a thing or two,suggest that friendship is double sided affair which he lost due to selfishness of hiswifes interest. Now she got neither heart nor delicious fruits. (5 marks each)
7. THE WONDER CALLED SLEEP
WORKSHEET- 51(A) (2 marks each)
1. The most obvious advantage of sleep is that through it we can recover from fatigue.2. Dream is a mental activity which takes place when we are asleep.3. Dreams can be useful in the following two ways :
(a) It helps us sleep during noises and disturbances.(b) It provides clue to problems and provides key solutions to them.
4. The body and brain get sufficient rest after sleep and the body recovers from fatiguemaking it alert and active again.
5. The Wonder Called Sleep by Edward Thomas.(B) 1. When we are asleep our muscles relax. The heart beat becomes slower, the
temperature and blood pressure go down and the ever active brain also rests so thatwe can. This helps the body and the brain to recover from the fatigue of the wholedays activities and makes us ready for another activity day.
2. Once I had a strange dream. I saw I was going from one hill to another by train. Therewas a long bridge. As soon as the train reached the centre of the bridge it collapsedand the train fell down and I could see my dead body. (5 marks each)
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8. A PACT WITH THE SUN
WORKSHEET- 52(A) (2 marks each)
1. Saeedas mother was suffering from so many ailments because she was treated by avariety of physicians who were not specialists. They denied her normal food, fresh airand even sunlight.
2. To consult a specialist, Saeedas mother had to sell a few small ornaments to pay thedoctors fee and buy medicines.The specialist advised her to eat anything that she liked milk, fruits and vegetablesfor good nutrition and above all to sit in the sun for an hour and get lots of fresh air.
3. The little rays unitedly focused their heat on the clouds and forced them to give themway to reach the earth.
4. The rays were keen to go down because they have made the promise to Saeeda thatthey would definitely come down to serve her mother.
5. I have my own formula for keeping good health. I prefer to get up early in the morning,do Yoga for an hour, eat good food and drink milk regularly.
(B) 1. This story conveys two messages. Firstly, that old and sick people need sunshine andfresh air which helps to avoid many ailments like, body ache, joint pain, asthma,jaundice, etc. Secondly, this lesson has also taught us to keep our promise even if wehave to go out of the way to fulfil it. This is what the little sun rays has done.
2. I would always recommend a specialist rather than a physician to a patient in myneighbourhood. The reason being that the physician may treat any disease but theydo not touch the root cause of the disease and the patient may get relapse of thedisease. But the specialist after all tests and checkups would treat the patient expertly.
(5 marks each)
9. WHAT HAPPENED TO THE REPTILES
WORKSHEET- 53(A) (2 marks each)
1. Very far away from Prems village, a temple or a mosque had been burnt down. Thepeople had neither seen that place or ever been there, but still they went mad and acommunal fight started.
2. The people in Prems village went mad. They fought with each other, they burntmany houses, even Prems house was burnt. He was so scared that he did not want togo back to his village.
3. Makar disliked tortoises because they were too slow and carried their houses on theirbacks. He disliked snakes because they were silly, weird creatures and could killanyone with their poison. He disliked lizards because they had strange habits ofchanging colours..
4. At first he did not want to go back to his village to tell the story but in my opinionPrem thought that if he told the story to the people of his village, they might understandthat everyone has a role to play in this world.
5. First of all the tortoises left the forest followed by the snakes and lizards.(B) 1. The old man advised Prem that if the people of his village do not listen to him, he
must not give up but tell the story of the reptiles again and again to as many people as
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he can. Some of the people might make fun of him, while some may not believe themat all, but still he should try to make them understand.This story teaches us that however small or useless a thing or person may appear buteverything has a place and importance in this world. God has created everything witha purpose.
2. If I were a baby crocodile I would tell the Makar that he was not right. Our forest isfull of foul smell because there are no tortoises. There are dead animals and rottenfruits in the absence of tortoises that had kept our forest clean. We are fed up withrats. They have become too bold because there are no snakes. We are pestered byinsects because there are no lizards to check them. I will convince him that our lifehas become miserable without our friends. They should be called back.
(5 marks each)
10. A STRANGE WRESTLING MATCH
WORKSHEET- 54(A) (2 marks each)
1. While the ghost was busy crushing the stone Vijay Singh secretly took out an egg andcrushed it to show the fluid. Again the ghost was made to crush the rock to extractsalt. But he could not do so. Vijay Singh again secretly took out the lump of salt andcrushed it.
2. The haunted desert was ten miles to the west on the road to Jaisalmer. The landmarkwas an ugly black rock in the shape of a camels head. Beyond that began the haunteddesert.
3. Vijay Singh declared the ghost as a plain, liar, worthless ghost. The ghost was notused to insult and so he was taken aback. The ghost was speechless because VijaySingh said that he wanted to fight a ghost as he was tired of wrestling with men.
4. Vijay Singh wanted to take the ghost as a prisoner to his village because he wanted toshow the people that he has returned victorious after capturing the ghost.
5. To Vijay Singh, insects with seven wings in the cave means seven blows. He made theghost believe that those blows had no effect on him. It was not a ghost but a robberwho under the guise of ghost frightened and looted the travellers. He lived a verycomfortable life.
(B) 1. It was not really a ghost whom Vijay Singh encountered but a dacoit in the guise of aghost. This is evident from some facts like :(a) Ghosts are not visible.(b) They cannot be touched by hand.(c) Ghosts possess extraordinary powers and if it had been one, it could have easily
squeezed and crushed the stone.(d) Ghosts do not need a club to kill humans.(e) Ghosts dont collect wealth. They do not run away. They just disappear.
2. Vijay Singh tested the ghost twice and he could not recognise the hidden reality. VijaySingh thought him to be a stupid ghost. Yes, Vijay Singh was fair in his judgmentbecause the ghost was stupid and weak. (5 marks each)