podcasting: presentation contents 1. what is podcasting? 2. how does podcasting work? 3. uses for...
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Podcasting: Presentation Contents1. What Is Podcasting? 2. How Does Podcasting Work? 3. Uses for Podcasting 4. Examples of Podcasting Put to Use 5. Educational Applications 6. Examples of Podcasting In Education Put to Practice 7. Benefits & Advantages of Podcasting In Education 8. Limitations & Disadvantages of Podcasting In Education 9. The Future of Podcasting In Education 10. More Innovative Practices 11. Appendix 12. References 13. For More Information
"Podcasting is a term used to describe a collection of technologies for automatically distributing audio and video programs over the internet ...Podcasting enables independent producers to create self-published, syndicated "radio shows," and gives broadcast radio or television programs a new distribution method. Any digital audio player or computer with audio-playing software can play podcasts.... The term "podcast," however, still refers largely to audio content distribution. A podcast is not the same as a webcast, which normally refers to a show distributed by streaming media." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PodcastWhat is Podcasting?
Podcasting is the term used to refer to the act of making and broadcasting podcasts. People who make and broadcast shows through podcasting are known as podcasters. Podcasting is the delivery method of transferring multimedia files (Podcasts) over the internet for use with personal computers and mobile devices (Wikipedia, 2006). It is a digital audio technology which is made possible by transference software known as RSS and Atom. RSS (see appendix) is actually a group of formats created for media exchange via the web. Atom was a format created to address weaknesses and inconsistencies found in RSS. (The interested reader is directed to Wikipedia for an excellent comparison of Atom versus RSS). Atom is also created from industry standards HTTP and XML.What is Podcasting?(continued)
Podcast subscribers choose when and how to listen to the events, without encumbrances like the scheduling of internet radio. It is a relatively simple process from the subscribers point of view. One has (or purchases) a podcast client receiver, the client takes care of checking for new shows. This function can be configured for automatic retrieval, and allows easy retrieval/listening on portable devices (e.g. MP3 players, cell phones, etc.) or a personal computer.What is Podcasting?(continued)
Although the term podcast is a derivation of iPod (an Apple MP3 player) and broadcast, an iPod is not necessary for broadcasting or listening functions. We believe the original pioneers of this technology were Apple iPod users, hence the term. Any computer that contains programs (e.g. Quicktime or Mediaplayer) that can decode MP3 are suitable for podcast download and playback.What is Podcasting?(continued)
Podcasts are dispensed across the internet via syndication feeds in a scheme similar to push technology. The provider decides which content files will make up the feeds, while the subscriber decides which files are selected for download. There is also a pull aspect to the process as the subscriber has the freedom to choose, or pass, on the wide array of content. How Does Podcasting Work?
Podcasting is an automatic mechanism whereby multimedia computer files are transferred from a server to a client, which pulls down XML files containing the Internet addresses of the media files. In general, these files contain audio or video, but also could be images, text, PDF, or any file type (Wikipedia).How Does Podcasting Work?(continued)
The provider first makes a file (podcast episode) and provides availability on the internet via a public webserver. The existence of this file is acknowledged by a reference embedded in another file known as the feed (a list of the URLs containing the addresses of the episodes). The feed is published in RSS/Atom format and this is where information like: dates, titles, and descriptions of series and episodes are found. Social/public podcasting allows multiple authors to contribute episodes to a single feed. This feed is then posted on the webserver and the feed URL is broadcast. How Does Podcasting Work?(continued)
Steps that could be used to produce your own podcast:1: Record sound using a digital audio recorder or an MP3 player with a recording function, such as an iPod, and a microphone. Or, you can skip this step by recording directly onto a computers hard drive via the machine's imbedded microphone. 2: Transfer the sound from your recording device to a computer. 3: Edit the sound and add music, voice-overs, or other audio elements using production software such as...open-source software like Audacity. 4: Compress the finished product into an MP3 format.
5: Post the audio on a Web server.How Does Podcasting Work?(continued)
Uses for PodcastingThe uses for podcasting are virtually endless!!!Possible uses for podcasting include, but are not limited to:
Interviewing authors, leaders, or gurus in your industry, and then making the interview accessible using a podcast through your website or blog Tutorials, educational training, stories, and debates Targeting niche customers by providing ezines, articles or information for availability when the user is away from his/her computer People who speak at conferences and seminars can podcast their sessions for people who were unable to attend or people who would like to have continuous access to it Conveying a message about a new product or service and providing a product demonstration
Uses for Podcasting(continued)Educating an audience about a subject matter Publishing any type of audio, and some developers are exploring the idea of using the same techniques to publish video and other types of content Comedy clips, talk shows, and sportscasts Companies can provide items such as industry news, crucial updates, upgrades information and new releases to their employees Podcasting can be used for almost anything that uses audio or video!!!
Examples of Podcasting Put to Use
A baby's first steps can be podcasted for everyone to see and as a memory keepsake A bride will be able to make a podcast of all the dresses she likes so she can decide later which dress is best Doctors and nurses may use podcasting to call in notes about a patient A person going on a vacation can podcast almost everything from his/her entire visit and treat it as a vacation journal A news crew can use podcasting to get right up close to a news story without having sizeable equipment
Examples of Podcasting Put to Use(continued)Music fans can use podcasts to stay updated on fresh and new music A person can listen to on-demand versions of radio shows through podcasting since radio stations do not rerun shows A person may set up a personal audio blog on his/her website through podcasting An author may create an audio version of his/her book through podcasting A musician may use podcasting as a marketing strategy to make his/her music available to the public and now, podcasting has entered the world of education!!!
Educational ApplicationsHere are some ways in which podcasting may be applied in thefield of Education:
Reading and sharing creative writing assignments Conducting research and web review Reporting for or recording audio version of a school newspaper Recitation of poetry Reading prepared speeches
Summarizing and critiquing novels Interview practice Alternative projects (advertisements, conducting and recording interviews, poetry, compositions, news) which suit various learning styles Reading and summarizing articles from online and print periodicals Allows for communication and sharing of information for group projects
Teachers and professors may offer podcasts of their lectures to their students; a strategy used in e-learning Podcast notes, problems, and homework assignments Reinforce educational content that depends on audio (such as language practice) Help hone students vocabulary, writing, editing, public speaking, and presentation skills Students can learn skills that will be valuable in the working world, such as communication, time management, and problem-solving
Record lectures for students to listen to on iPods. For example, absent students are able to retrieve the information missed and remain on track with the course material.
Radio stations can discuss current school events, classroom events, and local community events. For instance, students may report current events occurring either in the classroom or school.
Lesson plans can be altered and enhanced. For instance, if a teacher were to present a lesson on fire safety, students can create songs. Without podcasting, students would share their songs with the class, but would not have access to them beyond the classroom. However, with podcasting, students can podcast their songs with a musical background and share it with other classrooms that are studying fire safety.Examples of Podcasting In Education Put to Practice
Elementary school students create Internet audio shows. For instance, 3rd grade students host different segments on sound and light. Segments consist of information on sound and light, interviews with experts on the areas, and a musical segment. Students can share information about a Social Studies topic and its findings. For instance, students researching the Civil War podcast their research and share it with other classrooms.
A class can go on a virtual trip to the Zoo as a tour podcast. For example, if students are learning about the habitat of bears, students wil