Post on 14-Feb-2017
Embed Size (px)
What Makes a Poem?
What Makes a Poem?Differences between Poetry and Prose
DefinitionsPoem: a piece of writing that usually has figurative language and that is written in separate lines (stanzas) that often have a repeated rhythm and sometimes rhyme
Prose: ordinary writing
Key Elements of Poetry
RhymeRhyme SchemeRhythmMeterStanzasFigurative Language
What, exactly, makes a poem a poem?
RhymeWords that sound the same and are usually placed at the END of a line of poetry.
Example:Silent night,Holy night,All is calm All is bright
The pattern of the rhymes in poems.We label rhyme scheme like this:Silent nightaHoly nightaAll is calmbAll is brighta
RhythmWhen the arrangement of syllables creates an audible pattern or beat when read out loud.Example:
Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.
Can you see the rhyme and rhythm?
Life is mostly froth and bubble,Two things stand like stone, Kindness in anothers trouble,Courage in your own.
- Adam Lindsay Gordon
MeterMeter is the pattern that the rhythm takes in a poem. Similar to what a rhyme scheme is for rhyme.
Example:His noisy snoring woke the neighbors' dog.
StanzasA unit or a group of lines in poetry that are usually related to a single idea. ORHow we organize the lines in poetry.
Find the Stanzas
Figurative LanguageSpeech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning.ORWords or expressions that mean something different from their literal meaning.
Types of Figurative LanguageSimileMetaphorHyperbolePersonificationOnomatopoeia Idioms She was as beautiful as the sun.She was a rose in bloom.Everyone was losing their heads!The wind howled sadly.BOOM! Went the cannons.Out of the blue, the dog attacked!