poetry introduction

Download Poetry Introduction

Post on 14-Feb-2017




0 download

Embed Size (px)


What Makes a Poem?

What Makes a Poem?Differences between Poetry and Prose

DefinitionsPoem: a piece of writing that usually has figurative language and that is written in separate lines (stanzas) that often have a repeated rhythm and sometimes rhyme

Prose: ordinary writing

Key Elements of Poetry

RhymeRhyme SchemeRhythmMeterStanzasFigurative Language

What, exactly, makes a poem a poem?

RhymeWords that sound the same and are usually placed at the END of a line of poetry.

Example:Silent night,Holy night,All is calm All is bright

Rhyme Scheme

The pattern of the rhymes in poems.We label rhyme scheme like this:Silent nightaHoly nightaAll is calmbAll is brighta

RhythmWhen the arrangement of syllables creates an audible pattern or beat when read out loud.Example:

Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

Can you see the rhyme and rhythm?

Life is mostly froth and bubble,Two things stand like stone, Kindness in anothers trouble,Courage in your own.

- Adam Lindsay Gordon

MeterMeter is the pattern that the rhythm takes in a poem. Similar to what a rhyme scheme is for rhyme.

Example:His noisy snoring woke the neighbors' dog.

StanzasA unit or a group of lines in poetry that are usually related to a single idea. ORHow we organize the lines in poetry.

Find the Stanzas

Figurative LanguageSpeech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning.ORWords or expressions that mean something different from their literal meaning.

Types of Figurative LanguageSimileMetaphorHyperbolePersonificationOnomatopoeia Idioms She was as beautiful as the sun.She was a rose in bloom.Everyone was losing their heads!The wind howled sadly.BOOM! Went the cannons.Out of the blue, the dog attacked!