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  • Editorial

    Ah AlAndalus!

    "Dale lismonamujer, que no hay

    en la vida nadacomo la pena de serciego en Granada"

    dice un dichopopular.

    Una prueba de queel legado andalus

    tiene un valorinestimable. Desde714 hasta 1492, losrabes trajeron susabidura cientfica

    y tcnica a laPennsula Ibricadejando huellas

    inolvidables. Desde la Noria

    hasta la destilacin,desde el papel hasta

    la cmara oscurasus

    descubrimientos nodejaron de

    sorprendernos. Ynos dimos cuentade que su legadosigue influyendo

    nuestra propia vidacotidiana.

    Cuidado quemuchas sorpresas leestn esperando en

    esta revista!!

    Por qu "Ciencias totalk"?

    Querido lector:Esta revista es el fruto del trabajo entre los

    franceses del colegio Georges Pompidou deVilleneuve-la-Garenne y los espaoles del

    IES Francisco Ayala de Granada.Trabajamos juntos a lo largo del curso

    2014-2015 para descubrir quines somos einvestigar sobre los grandes

    descubrimientos cientficos de la poca deAl ndalus.

    A la manera que los pueblos andaluses,procuramos debatir, argumentar,

    intercambiar, compartir discusionesinterminables por correo o en el chat del

    Twinspace para llevar a cabo este trabajo.Esperamos que el resultado le guste!

    Gael e Ilias

  • Sumario

    El jardn rabe y sus plantas

    5

    Por Angela, Isabel y Kehina

    Papel reciclado

    6

    Por Fabin, Julio y Yann.

    Tinta y caligrafa

    10

    Por Carmen, Gael, y Marina

    El alambique y la destilacin

    14

    Por Adrien, David y Pablo.

    Jabn y crema de argn

    18

    Por Arabela, Ibtissem, Julia,Mara y Sheila

    Perfumes y aromas

    22

    Por Alejandra, Rebecay Wissem

    Cocina andalus saludable

    26

    Por Aicha, Marina y Marguerite

    Proyecto eTwinning Ciencias to talk 2014-2015

  • La Noria de agua

    5

    Por Fran e Ilias

    El astrolabio

    6

    Por Luca R, Luca T y Marie

    La clepsidra

    10

    Por Claudia y Javier

    La brjula

    14

    Por Adrin, Enrique yHamedine

    La cmara oscura

    18

    Por Carla y Patricia

    Nube de palabras

    22

    Palabras que simbolizan elproyecto para los chicos

    PORTFOLIO

    26

    Recuerdos inolvidables...

    Proyecto eTwinning Ciencias to talk 2014-2015

  • THE EDITORS:Frenchteam(above)and Spanishteam(below)

    1. Gael2.Ibtissem3.Hamedine4.Ilias

    5. Yann 6.Carla 7.Marie8.Aicha 9.Kehina 10.Wissem12.Adrien 13.Claudia14.Marguerite

    1.Isabel 2.Fabian 3.Patricia 7.Lucia R. 8.Lucia T. 9. Angela 10. Pablo 11.Fran12.Javier 13.Marina A. 14.Alejandra15.David 16. Julia 17.Rebeca 18.Carmen19.Marina D. 21. Maria 22.Sheila 23.Julio24.Arabella 25.Enrique 27.Adrian

  • Properties of the medicinalplants in Al-andalusby Angela and Isa

    RosemaryThe rosemary is a very rich

    plant in active beginning andhas numerous medicinal

    properties, between others, isantiseptic, anti-spasmodic,

    fragrant, a stomach andstimulants. It can also be usedto relax our muscles when it isheated, avoiding the musclespains. it's perfect to have it as

    an infusion after doing exercise,because it has been used since

    the Arabians to relax.

    LavenderSince the antiquity , we uselavender for relax . In this

    respect, for example, a bag isrecommended to put by

    lavender under the sheets, sincethere are demonstrated the

    tranquilizing effects that yoursmell produces. Avoids the

    insomnia, it is highly effectiveat the moment of reducing the

    conditions of anxiety andedginess.

    Lavender diminishes thearterial tension and it helpsto avoid the dizziness in thetrips and facilitates thedigestions when these meetaltered because of thenerves. It would be enoughto take an infusion oflavender or combine it withother such relaxing plants.

    Lavender

  • Recycling paperin Alandalus

    FABIAN Y JULIO

  • The muslims learned howto do paper thanks to thechinise prisioners. Theylearn to do it with bark ofmulberry but theyinnovated it and they didthe paper with hemp andcotton. The hemp paperturned out a good qualitypaper. They also did paperwith rags of linen. Theyolso learned to recicle thepapers. To do this theyhad to:

    -Soak the paper at least one week. -Grindthe dough. -Put it in a solid mould withone face made of a metal grille. -Pushwith a cover for removed a lot of water. -Leave another week to dry it. It get a darkcolor because of the ink and it isthickness than the normal paper but youcan write on it.

  • AL-ANDALUS/Arabian Ink

    Ink around theHistory

    Ink is a liquid orpaste that containspigments or dyes andis used to color asurface to produce animage, text, or design.In 2500 ancientegyptian and chinesecivilizations bothdeveloped ink aroundthis time. Throughthe time the ink hasbeen perfected tonowadays.

    ARABIAN INK

    The muslims perfect the ink: *They improve the technique of making ink. *They create new types of ink. -Jabir Ibn Hayyan made an ink that was present in the dark. -Ibn Badis made silver ink by crushing silver filings with distil wine. He also decribe how to make colours inks. -They invented a new black ink that colud be clean if there was an error because it was very soft.

    Carmen Garca & Marina Domnguez

  • INGREDIENTSOak gall: 4gArabic gum: 2gFerrous sulphate: 1gWhite wine: 40gPROCEDUREWe crush the oak gall but not tomuch. We weigh the arabic gum,the ferrous sulphate and thewhitw wine. Then we mix it andboil it during some minutes.Finally we strain the liquid.*It is advisable to let it standduring some days for dim andadd him vinegar for delay theappereance of mushroom.

    Carmen Garca & Marina Domnguez

  • ALAMBIQUE& Distillation

    David and Pablo

  • DESCRIPTION

    The alembic or alquitara isa device used for thedistillation of liquids, bymeans of a process ofevaporation for laterwarming condensation forcooling. It he was inventsfor Al-Razi in the 10thcentury, to produceperfumes, medicines andthe alcohol

    It is constituted by a boileror retort, where the mixturewarms up. The issuedsteams go out on the toppart and cool in a coilplaced in a containerrefreshed by water. Theresultant liquid is gatheredin the final warehouse.

    The alcohol boils to atemperature (80C),lower than that of thewater, the steams thatfirst are formed arethem of that one,though mixed with asmall proportion ofwater, and onemanages to reveal asubstance with majoralcoholic degree thatthe original one.

  • Distillation of redwine to producealcohol

    Pablo and David

  • SOAP

    By Mara Lpez and Julia Jerez

  • * You should used gloves becausethe soda will react and burnt yourskin if you touch it. * You should do the first step in anopen place because the soda willdetach toxics gases.* You can add essences, oils orcolourants to the soap.

    ADVICE

    1. Put in a bowl the water and add slowly thesoda.2. Stir with a wood spoon until the soda istotally dissolved and then, mix the water withsoda with the oil. 4. Continue stirring till the liquid becomeviscous (with the consistency of themayonnaise) and put it in a flat pan.6. Leave the soap to curdle minimum 48 hoursand after that time, cut the soap in smallpieces and used in for washing yourselforclothes!

    * 500ml of water (if the soap isfor the face, the water must bedistil) * 125g of caustic soda * 500ml of olive oil (it can beused)

    INSTRUCTIONS

    INGREDIENTS

  • THE SOAPHistory

    We don't know exactly when or wherewas made the first piece of soap but

    the first civilization that produced soapwere the ancient Babylons around the2800 BC. The first European big soapfactory was built by the Arabs in the

    10th century in Seville, city of AlAndalus. This soap spread throughEurope as it could be used for the

    body cleanliness because it was madewith vegetable oil. The raw material

    were got from the Guadalquivirmarshlands and the olive groves. In

    the 16th century, with the discovery ofAmerica, it became very famous and

    made the European people to be moreclear so much illnesses disappeared.

  • Photos of the production

    *Final result

  • Bees waxCream

    Bees wax

  • In Muslim Spain, Andalusia, in the city ofCordoba lived the famous physician andsurgeon, Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE) . Hewrote a monumental work, a medicalencyclopaedia entitled Al-Tasreef, in 30volumes medical textbook. IN the 19thvolume of Al-Tasreef was devoted tocosmetics and is the first original Muslimwork in cosmetology.

    Bees wax

  • ARGAN OIL Argan oil is rich innatural ingredientsthat play a role in cellrenewal andregeneration. 4 In thetraditional Moroccanpharmacopoeia,Argan oil is adoptedfor body treatmentsto combat the ravagesof age and climate.

    BEES WAX

    Wax is the material that bees use tobuild their nests. It is produced by younghoneybees that secrete it as a liquidthrough their wax glands. On contactwith air, the wax hardens into smallflakes of wax in the bottom of the bee.

    Bees wax

  • "PROCEDURE FOR MAKINGBEESWAX CREAM"

    1.we take a pot and set itto simmer, we take a glassbowl and we put a squarebeeswax. Put thecontainer in the pot andleave. 2.when the meltedbeeswax casting we arganoil slowly while moving.3.when in a liquid state weremove it from the pot.

    4.when we remove it wecan have a scent. 5.we put it in a bowl andput it in the fridge 1 hour. 6.and we have OURCREAM!!!

    BY: Sheila andArabela

  • Water of Roses by Alejandra