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"Dale lismonamujer, que no hay
en la vida nadacomo la pena de serciego en Granada"
dice un dichopopular.
Una prueba de queel legado andalus
tiene un valorinestimable. Desde714 hasta 1492, losrabes trajeron susabidura cientfica
y tcnica a laPennsula Ibricadejando huellas
inolvidables. Desde la Noria
hasta la destilacin,desde el papel hasta
la cmara oscurasus
descubrimientos nodejaron de
sorprendernos. Ynos dimos cuentade que su legadosigue influyendo
nuestra propia vidacotidiana.
Cuidado quemuchas sorpresas leestn esperando en
Por qu "Ciencias totalk"?
Querido lector:Esta revista es el fruto del trabajo entre los
franceses del colegio Georges Pompidou deVilleneuve-la-Garenne y los espaoles del
IES Francisco Ayala de Granada.Trabajamos juntos a lo largo del curso
2014-2015 para descubrir quines somos einvestigar sobre los grandes
descubrimientos cientficos de la poca deAl ndalus.
A la manera que los pueblos andaluses,procuramos debatir, argumentar,
intercambiar, compartir discusionesinterminables por correo o en el chat del
Twinspace para llevar a cabo este trabajo.Esperamos que el resultado le guste!
Gael e Ilias
El jardn rabe y sus plantas
Por Angela, Isabel y Kehina
Por Fabin, Julio y Yann.
Tinta y caligrafa
Por Carmen, Gael, y Marina
El alambique y la destilacin
Por Adrien, David y Pablo.
Jabn y crema de argn
Por Arabela, Ibtissem, Julia,Mara y Sheila
Perfumes y aromas
Por Alejandra, Rebecay Wissem
Cocina andalus saludable
Por Aicha, Marina y Marguerite
Proyecto eTwinning Ciencias to talk 2014-2015
La Noria de agua
Por Fran e Ilias
Por Luca R, Luca T y Marie
Por Claudia y Javier
Por Adrin, Enrique yHamedine
La cmara oscura
Por Carla y Patricia
Nube de palabras
Palabras que simbolizan elproyecto para los chicos
Proyecto eTwinning Ciencias to talk 2014-2015
THE EDITORS:Frenchteam(above)and Spanishteam(below)
5. Yann 6.Carla 7.Marie8.Aicha 9.Kehina 10.Wissem12.Adrien 13.Claudia14.Marguerite
1.Isabel 2.Fabian 3.Patricia 7.Lucia R. 8.Lucia T. 9. Angela 10. Pablo 11.Fran12.Javier 13.Marina A. 14.Alejandra15.David 16. Julia 17.Rebeca 18.Carmen19.Marina D. 21. Maria 22.Sheila 23.Julio24.Arabella 25.Enrique 27.Adrian
Properties of the medicinalplants in Al-andalusby Angela and Isa
RosemaryThe rosemary is a very rich
plant in active beginning andhas numerous medicinal
properties, between others, isantiseptic, anti-spasmodic,
fragrant, a stomach andstimulants. It can also be usedto relax our muscles when it isheated, avoiding the musclespains. it's perfect to have it as
an infusion after doing exercise,because it has been used since
the Arabians to relax.
LavenderSince the antiquity , we uselavender for relax . In this
respect, for example, a bag isrecommended to put by
lavender under the sheets, sincethere are demonstrated the
tranquilizing effects that yoursmell produces. Avoids the
insomnia, it is highly effectiveat the moment of reducing the
conditions of anxiety andedginess.
Lavender diminishes thearterial tension and it helpsto avoid the dizziness in thetrips and facilitates thedigestions when these meetaltered because of thenerves. It would be enoughto take an infusion oflavender or combine it withother such relaxing plants.
Recycling paperin Alandalus
FABIAN Y JULIO
The muslims learned howto do paper thanks to thechinise prisioners. Theylearn to do it with bark ofmulberry but theyinnovated it and they didthe paper with hemp andcotton. The hemp paperturned out a good qualitypaper. They also did paperwith rags of linen. Theyolso learned to recicle thepapers. To do this theyhad to:
-Soak the paper at least one week. -Grindthe dough. -Put it in a solid mould withone face made of a metal grille. -Pushwith a cover for removed a lot of water. -Leave another week to dry it. It get a darkcolor because of the ink and it isthickness than the normal paper but youcan write on it.
Ink around theHistory
Ink is a liquid orpaste that containspigments or dyes andis used to color asurface to produce animage, text, or design.In 2500 ancientegyptian and chinesecivilizations bothdeveloped ink aroundthis time. Throughthe time the ink hasbeen perfected tonowadays.
The muslims perfect the ink: *They improve the technique of making ink. *They create new types of ink. -Jabir Ibn Hayyan made an ink that was present in the dark. -Ibn Badis made silver ink by crushing silver filings with distil wine. He also decribe how to make colours inks. -They invented a new black ink that colud be clean if there was an error because it was very soft.
Carmen Garca & Marina Domnguez
INGREDIENTSOak gall: 4gArabic gum: 2gFerrous sulphate: 1gWhite wine: 40gPROCEDUREWe crush the oak gall but not tomuch. We weigh the arabic gum,the ferrous sulphate and thewhitw wine. Then we mix it andboil it during some minutes.Finally we strain the liquid.*It is advisable to let it standduring some days for dim andadd him vinegar for delay theappereance of mushroom.
Carmen Garca & Marina Domnguez
David and Pablo
The alembic or alquitara isa device used for thedistillation of liquids, bymeans of a process ofevaporation for laterwarming condensation forcooling. It he was inventsfor Al-Razi in the 10thcentury, to produceperfumes, medicines andthe alcohol
It is constituted by a boileror retort, where the mixturewarms up. The issuedsteams go out on the toppart and cool in a coilplaced in a containerrefreshed by water. Theresultant liquid is gatheredin the final warehouse.
The alcohol boils to atemperature (80C),lower than that of thewater, the steams thatfirst are formed arethem of that one,though mixed with asmall proportion ofwater, and onemanages to reveal asubstance with majoralcoholic degree thatthe original one.
Distillation of redwine to producealcohol
Pablo and David
By Mara Lpez and Julia Jerez
* You should used gloves becausethe soda will react and burnt yourskin if you touch it. * You should do the first step in anopen place because the soda willdetach toxics gases.* You can add essences, oils orcolourants to the soap.
1. Put in a bowl the water and add slowly thesoda.2. Stir with a wood spoon until the soda istotally dissolved and then, mix the water withsoda with the oil. 4. Continue stirring till the liquid becomeviscous (with the consistency of themayonnaise) and put it in a flat pan.6. Leave the soap to curdle minimum 48 hoursand after that time, cut the soap in smallpieces and used in for washing yourselforclothes!
* 500ml of water (if the soap isfor the face, the water must bedistil) * 125g of caustic soda * 500ml of olive oil (it can beused)
We don't know exactly when or wherewas made the first piece of soap but
the first civilization that produced soapwere the ancient Babylons around the2800 BC. The first European big soapfactory was built by the Arabs in the
10th century in Seville, city of AlAndalus. This soap spread throughEurope as it could be used for the
body cleanliness because it was madewith vegetable oil. The raw material
were got from the Guadalquivirmarshlands and the olive groves. In
the 16th century, with the discovery ofAmerica, it became very famous and
made the European people to be moreclear so much illnesses disappeared.
Photos of the production
In Muslim Spain, Andalusia, in the city ofCordoba lived the famous physician andsurgeon, Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE) . Hewrote a monumental work, a medicalencyclopaedia entitled Al-Tasreef, in 30volumes medical textbook. IN the 19thvolume of Al-Tasreef was devoted tocosmetics and is the first original Muslimwork in cosmetology.
ARGAN OIL Argan oil is rich innatural ingredientsthat play a role in cellrenewal andregeneration. 4 In thetraditional Moroccanpharmacopoeia,Argan oil is adoptedfor body treatmentsto combat the ravagesof age and climate.
Wax is the material that bees use tobuild their nests. It is produced by younghoneybees that secrete it as a liquidthrough their wax glands. On contactwith air, the wax hardens into smallflakes of wax in the bottom of the bee.
"PROCEDURE FOR MAKINGBEESWAX CREAM"
1.we take a pot and set itto simmer, we take a glassbowl and we put a squarebeeswax. Put thecontainer in the pot andleave. 2.when the meltedbeeswax casting we arganoil slowly while moving.3.when in a liquid state weremove it from the pot.
4.when we remove it wecan have a scent. 5.we put it in a bowl andput it in the fridge 1 hour. 6.and we have OURCREAM!!!
BY: Sheila andArabela
Water of Roses by Alejandra