public relations, publicity, and corporate advertising © 2007 mcgraw-hill companies, inc.,...

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  • Slide 1
  • Public Relations, Publicity, and Corporate Advertising 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  • Slide 2
  • A management function evaluates public attitudes which identifies the policies and procedures and an organization with the public interest of executes a program of action (and communication) and earn public understanding and acceptance to executes a program of action (and communication) an organization with the public interest identifies the policies and procedures evaluates public attitudes A management function 1. Public Relations Defined 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  • Slide 3
  • Customers Employees Investors Government Community Suppliers Employees Government Investors Customers 2. Traditional PR Perspective 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Public Relations Department
  • Slide 4
  • 3. Integration of PR into the IMC Process 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Marketing Department Public RelationsSeparate Marketing Department Public RelationsCoordinated Marketing Department Public RelationsIntegrated
  • Slide 5
  • 4. Marketing Public Relations (MPR) Functions 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Building marketplace excitement before media advertising breaks Creating advertising news where there is no product news Introducing a product with little or no advertising Providing a value-added customer service Building brand-to-customer bonds Influencing influentials, providing information to opinion leaders Improving ROI Defending products at risk, giving consumers a reason to buy Building marketplace excitement before media advertising breaks Creating advertising news where there is no product news Introducing a product with little or no advertising Providing a value-added customer service Building brand-to-customer bonds Influencing influentials, providing information to opinion leaders Improving ROI
  • Slide 6
  • 5. The process of PR 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Measuring Program Effectiveness Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes
  • Slide 7
  • Provides input for the planning process Serves as an early warning system Secures internal cooperation, support Serves as an early warning system Provides input for the planning process Research on Public Attitudes 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Increases communications effectiveness
  • Slide 8
  • 5. The process of PR 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Measuring Program Effectiveness Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes
  • Slide 9
  • 10 Questions for Evaluating Public Relations Plans 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin 1.Does the plan reflect a thorough understanding of the companys business situation? 2.Has the PR program made good use of research and background sources? 3.Does the plan include full analysis of recent editorial coverage? 4.Do the PR people fully understand the products strengths and weaknesses? 5.Does the PR program describe several cogent, relevant conclusions from the research?
  • Slide 10
  • 10 Questions for Evaluating Public Relations Plans 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin 6.Are the program objectives specific and measurable? 7.Does the program clearly describe what the PR activity will be and how it will benefit the company? 8.Does the program describe how its results will be measured? 9.Do the research, objectives, activities, and evaluations tie together? 10.Has the PR department communicated with marketing throughout the development of the program?
  • Slide 11
  • 5. The process of PR 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Measuring Program Effectiveness Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes
  • Slide 12
  • Determining Public Relations Audiences 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin The Media Governments Financial Groups The Media Governments External or Independent Educators Civic and Business Organizations Educators Civic and Business Organizations Customers and Clients Employees of the Firm Vendors and Suppliers Community Members Stockholders and Investors Customers and Clients Employees of the Firm Vendors and Suppliers Community Members Internal or Associated
  • Slide 13
  • Implementing the PR Program 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Press Releases Community Involvement Press Conferences Exclusives Interviews The Internet PR Tools Press Releases Community Involvement Press Conferences Exclusives The Internet
  • Slide 14
  • 5. The process of PR 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Measuring Program Effectiveness Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes Developing and Executing a PR Program Establishing a PR Plan Determining and Evaluating Public Attitudes
  • Slide 15
  • Positive articles over time Negative articles over time Positive articles over time Over time On the target audience On specific target audiences Subject Publica- tion Reporter Target audience Over time On the target audience On specific target audiences Subject Publica- tion Reporter Criteria for Measuring PR Effectiveness 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Percentage of positive and negative articles by... Ratio of positive to negative articles Percentage of.. Total number of impressions...
  • Slide 16
  • Credibility Lead Generation Cost Savings Avoidance of Clutter Image Building Selectivity Lead Generation Avoidance of Clutter Cost Savings Credibility 6. Advantages of Public Relations 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin PR Provides
  • Slide 17
  • May Be Out of the Marketers Control Part of the PR Process The Generation of News About a Person, Product, or Service That Appears in the Media Part of the PR Process The Generation of News About a Person, Product, or Service That Appears in the Media 7. Publicity 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  • Slide 18
  • Inaccuracy, omission, or distortion may result Timing difficult or impossible to control Substantial credibility News value Significant word-of- mouth Perception of endorsement by media Advantages and Disadvantages of Publicity 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin AdvantagesDisadvantages Timing difficult or impossible to control Substantial credibility News value Significant word-of- mouth Perception of endorsement by media
  • Slide 19
  • 8. Corporate Advertising 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin An extension of the PR function Promotes the organization Does not promote a specific product or service An extension of the PR function Does not promote a specific product or service
  • Slide 20
  • Corporate advertising Is a waste of money Consumers arent interested in this form of advertising The firms finances or image must be in trouble This is a costly form of corporate self- indulgence Why Is Corporate Advertising Controversial? 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Claims of Opponents to Corporate Advertising Corporate advertising Is a waste of money Consumers arent interested in this form of advertising The firms finances or image must be in trouble
  • Slide 21
  • Create a positive image for the firm Smooth labor relations Communicate the organizations viewpoint Boost employee morale Establish diversified companys identity Help newly deregulated industries Smooth labor relations Boost employee morale Communicate the organizations viewpoint Create a positive image for the firm Objectives of Corporate Advertising 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Objectives
  • Slide 22
  • Positioning Ads Sponsorship Recruitment General Image Ads Financial Support General Image Ads Positioning Ads Sponsorship Recruitment Types of Corporate Advertising 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Image Advertising Event Sponsorship Advocacy Advertising Cause-related Advertising
  • Slide 23
  • Sporting Events Sporting Events Music, Entertainment Causes Festivals Cultural Events Arts Sporting Events Sporting Events Music, Entertainment Causes Festivals Cultural Events Event Sponsorship 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Corporate Sponsor
  • Slide 24
  • Advocacy Advertising 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Advocacy advertising: is the propagation of ideas and elucidation of controversial social issues of public importance in a manner that supports the interests of the sponsor.
  • Slide 25
  • An American Gas Association Advocacy Ad 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  • Slide 26
  • Cause Related Marketing 2007 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin Cause related marketing: is