redd+ institutional options assessment (2009)

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    Facilitated by

    Meridian Institute

    REDD+ Institutional Options AssessmentDeveloping an Efcient, Eective, and Equitable Institutional

    Framework or REDD+ under the UNFCCC

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    Authors

    Charlotte Streck

    (Coordinating Author)

    Director

    Climate Focus

    Luis Gomez-Echeverri

    Global Energy Assessment

    International Institute for Applied Systems

    Analysis (IIASA)

    Pablo Gutman

    Director, Environmental Economics

    World Wildlife Fund

    Cyril Loisel

    Energy and Climate Program Coordinator

    Institut de dveloppement durable et des rela-

    tions internationales (Iddri)

    & Advisor, ONF International

    Jacob Werksman

    Program Director, Institutions and Governance

    Program

    World Resources Institute

    Disclaimer: Any views expressed inthis report are those o the authors.They do not necessarily representthe views o the authors institutions,Meridian Institute, or the fnancialsponsors o this report.

    ISBN: 978-0-615-32602-3

    Date o publication: September 2009

    This report is in the publicdomain. The authors encouragethe circulation o this paperas widely as possible. Usersare welcome to download,save, or distribute this reportelectronically or in any otherormat, including in oreignlanguage translation, withoutwritten permission. We do askthat, i you distribute this report,you credit the authors andmention the websitewww.REDD-OAR.org and notalter the text. An electroniccopy o this report is available atwww.REDD-OAR.org.

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    Contents

    Acknowledgements ....................................................................................... ii

    Acronyms ....................................................................................................... iii

    Executive Summary ........................................................................................v

    1 Introduction ...............................................................................................1

    2 Taking Stock: Negotiating and Implementing REDD+ ............................3

    2.1 Current REDD+ Negotiations ......................................................................................3

    2.2 Early REDD+ Implementation .....................................................................................3

    2.3 REDD+ Phases ...............................................................................................................4

    3 Key Issues ...................................................................................................7

    3.1 Functions .....................................................................................................................7

    3.2 Institutions ...................................................................................................................8

    4 Funding Approaches and Institutional Models .....................................11

    4.1 REDD+/NAMA Register Model ..................................................................................11

    4.1.1 Context ............................................................................................................11

    4.1.2 Functions and Roles ........................................................................................13

    4.1.3 Additional Tasks ..............................................................................................164.2 COP-Mandated Fund Model .....................................................................................16

    4.2.1 Context ...........................................................................................................16

    4.2.2 Functions and Roles ........................................................................................17

    4.3 REDD+ Market Model ................................................................................................19

    4.3.1 Context ...........................................................................................................20

    4.3.2 Functions and Roles ........................................................................................20

    4.3.3 Additional Tasks ..............................................................................................22

    5 National Institutions ................................................................................23

    6 Accelerated Action ..................................................................................27

    6.1 COP-15 Action ............................................................................................................27

    6.2 Interim REDD+ Arrangement ....................................................................................27

    6.2.1 Interim REDD+ Functions ..............................................................................28

    6.2.2 Interim REDD+ Roles ......................................................................................28

    Glossary ........................................................................................................29

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    ii REDD+ Institutional Options Assessment

    Acknowledgements

    We grateully acknowledge the involvement o the ollowing people who contributed to consultations

    and written reviews in August 2009:

    We note that these individuals were asked or input on the scope and contents o this report, but

    were not asked to seek consensus or to endorse any o the views expressed, or which the authors are

    solely responsible.

    The authors would also like to thank Thiago Chagas o Climate Focus or his assistance and input

    throughout the writing o this report, and the sta o Meridian Institute, in particular Michael Lesnick,

    Kaitlin Lesnick, Ana Coelho, Kathleen Rutherord, Melinda Thomas, and Shawn Walker or organizing

    and acilitating the process that produced this report.

    This report was made possible with the nancial support o the Norwegian Agency or Development

    Cooperation (Norad). We are especially grateul to Ambassador Hans Brattskar, Per Fredrik Ilsaas

    Pharo, and Andreas Dahl-Jrgensen rom the Government o Norways International Climate and Forest

    Initiative or their interest in and support or this project. We would also like to thank Daniel Zarin o

    the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, whose advice and encouragement were essential throughout

    the writing o this report.

    Ken Andrasko

    D. James Baker

    Tarachand Balgobin

    Benoit Bosquet

    Emily Brickell

    Bruce Cabarle

    Sean Cadman

    Andrea Cattaneo

    Rae Kwon Chung

    Marcus Colchester

    Ken Creighton

    Andreas Dahl-Jrgensen

    Florence Daviet

    Barney Dickson

    Christopher Egerton-Warburton

    Katja Eisbrenner

    Chris Elliott

    Andrea Garcia Guerrero

    Carlos Enrique Gonzlez Vicente

    Jochen Harnisch

    Peter Aarup Iversen

    Promode Kant

    Tim Kasten

    James KhoJagdish Kishwan

    Tony La Via

    Donna Lee

    Marie Lindberg

    Lars Lvold

    Paul McMahon

    Pedro Moura Costa

    Ruth NussbaumPer Fredrik Ilsaas Pharo

    Till Pistorius

    Catherine Potvin

    Rosalind Reeve

    Simon Rietbergen

    Maria Sanz-Sanchez (Observer)

    Hans Schipulle

    Frank Sperling

    Siobhan StangerAmy Sullivan

    Ndiaye Cheikh Sylla

    Hvard Toresen

    Ricardo Ulate Chacn

    Clare Walsh

    Chuneng Wang

    Murray Ward

    Simon ZadekKaveh Zahedi

    Daniel Zarin

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    Acronyms

    Acronyms

    AWG-LCA Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action

    under the UNFCCC

    CDM Clean Development Mechanism

    COP Conerence o the Parties to the UNFCCC

    ERT Expert review team

    FAO Food and Agriculture Organization o the United Nations

    FCPF Forest Carbon Partnership Facility o the World Bank

    FIP Forest Investment Program o the World Bank

    GEF Global Environment Facility

    GHG Greenhouse Gas

    HLB High-level Body or REDD+ (as dened in section 3.2 o this

    Assessment)

    IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

    ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization

    IWG-IFR Inormal Working Group on Interim Finance or REDD

    MRV Monitoring, Reporting, and Verication

    NAMAs Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

    REDD Reduced Emissions rom Deorestation and Forest Degradation

    REDD+ Reduced Emissions rom Deorestation, orest Degradation,

    conservation, sustainable management o orests, and

    enhancement o orest carbon stocks in developing countries

    SBSTA Subsidiary Body or Scientic and Technological Advice

    UNDP United Nations Development Programme

    UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

    UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    UN-REDD United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing

    Emissions rom Deorestation and Forest Degradation in

    Developing Countries

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    iv REDD+ Institutional Options Assessment

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    Executive Summary

    Executive Summary

    The REDD+ Institutional Options Assessment

    summarizes the institutional issues that must be

    considered in order to establish an eective,

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