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Comenius 2011-2013, project: An extra place at table or know each other through food", the fifth meeting in Bulgaria, March 2013, presentation by Polish Comenius team from Primary School nr 8 in Chrzanów, Coordinator: Bernadetta Utzig


  • 1. Special food for special occasions in Poland Primary School nr 8 in Chrzanw, Poland Activity for the Comenius Meeting in Bulgaria 12th-17th March 2013

2. During Advent (a time of waiting for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus) we bake the Christmas piernik (gingerbread). 3. Pierniki are made in a variety of shapes, including hearts, animals, and St. Nicholas figures. Old traditional decorations include handmade stars, decorated eggshells, colorful paper garlands. 4. Christmas time 5. Wigilia, the Christmas Eve Supper 24th December In Poland, Christmas Eve is a day first of feasting Christmas. The Wigilia feast begins at the appearance of the first star. On that evening, children watch the sky anxiously hoping to be the first to cry out, "The star has come!" Only after it appears, the family members sit down to a dinner table. 6. Opatek The supper begins with the breaking of the opatek. Everyone at the table breaks off a piece and eats it as a symbol of their unity with Christ. They then share a piece with each family member. 7. 12 dishes A tradition exists among many families to serve twelve different dishes at Wigilia symbolizing the Twelve Apostles, or perhaps, an odd number of dishes for good luck. 8. There is no red meat served but fish, usually carp. The supper, which includes many traditional dishes and deserts, can sometimes last for over two hours. 9. Barszcz and uszka A traditional Christmas meal in Poland includes (beetroot soup) with uszka (ravioli) 10. CARP The second traditional dish is fish - carp Carp provides a main component of the Christmas Eve meal across Poland: fried carp, carp fillet, carp in aspic etc. 11. Universal Polish Christmas foods are pierogi 12. Our teacher Mrs Henia Fe is teaching how you should prepare pierogi for Christmas Eve 13. For Wigilia herring dishes are also very popular 14. Bread 15. or noodles with poppy seed (kluski z makiem) 16. Saint Valentines Day Breakfast for people in love 17. Saint Valentines Day 18. One week before Lent on fat Thursday People eat a lot of doughnuts or carnival cakes. 19. DISHES FOR LENT 20. Babka Easter sponge cake 21. Easter - Mazurek 22. 1. No meat if you are 14 or older Fish is permitted, as are eggs, milk, cheese, etc. But no chicken, steak or hamburgers - animal organs and meat should be avoided. 23. 2. Fasting if you are 18 to 59 Those between the ages of 18 to 59 are expected to fast. This doesn't mean eating nothing, however; rather, it means eating less than usual. You should eat one full meal and two smaller meals that, combined, equal less than the main meal. Snacking and eating between meals are not allowed. 24. However, there are some exceptions to these rules. Those who are sick, pregnant or nursing; those who perform manual labor; and those who have other physical or mental health limitations do not have to fast and may eat meat if necessary. 25. During Lent, Catholics are to abstain from meat on Fridays as well. 26. Christmas Eve On Christmas Eve Catholics shouldnt eat meat. But they can eat fish. 27. Thank You for watching Activities for the meeting in Bulgaria were prepared by Students from Primary School nr 8 in Chrzanw, Poland: Presentation and film prepared by students: Janek Filipski and Aleksander Potocki and the teachers: Bernadetta Utzig Henryka Fe Anna Oprzdek (there s also Polish film Special food for special occasions