ssc2011_rebecca morley ppt

of 27 /27
Beyond Energy Efficiency: Healthy Homes and Communities Rebecca Morley Executive Director, NCHH

Upload: national-housing-conference-the-center-for-housing-policy

Post on 22-Jul-2015




2 download

Embed Size (px)


Page 1: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Beyond Energy

Efficiency: Healthy Homes

and CommunitiesRebecca Morley

Executive Director, NCHH

Page 2: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 3: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Costs of environmental illness:

• All diseases: 76.6 billion – Lead poisoning: $50.9 billion

– Autism: $7.9 billion

– Intellectual disability: $5.4 billion

– Exposure to mercury (methyl mercury): $5.1 billion

– Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: $5.0 billion

– Asthma: $2.2 billion

– Childhood cancer cost: $95.0 million

• 3.5% of health care expendituresSource: Trasande L, Liu Y. Reducing the staggering costs of environmental

disease in children. Health Aff. 2011 May;30(5):863-70.

Page 4: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

• Health consequences of inadequate housing are substantial.– Indoor dampness/mold

– Home injury

– Crowding

– Indoor cold

– Traffic noise

– Second-hand smoke

– Radon

– Lead

– CO

– Formaldehyde

– Indoor smoke from solid fuel

– Housing quality


Page 5: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 6: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Benefits of Housing Upgrades

Environmental health

• For every $1 spent to

reduce lead hazards

there is a benefit of $17-


• For every $1 spent on

asthma interventions

there is a benefit of $36.


• For every $1 spent there

is a benefit of $5.30-


Page 7: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Green and Healthy Renovationof Affordable Housing

Source: Public Health Reports / 2011

Supplement 1 / Volume 126

Page 8: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Common Green and HealthyRehab Elements

• Low-VOC adhesives, paints & coatings

• Ventilation: ASHRAE 62.2

• Integrated pest management

• No carpet in wet areas

• Energy Star fans exhausted to exterior

Page 9: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Adult Health ChangesMN Green DC Green

General Health Status


MN Green DC Green

Pre Post Pre Post

General Health Status• Very good or excellent• Good• Fair or poor





Injury 9% 9% 14% 4%

Page 10: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Child Health ChangesMN Green DC Green

Pre Post Pre Post

General Health Status• Very good or excellent• Good• Fair or poor





Injury 0% 18% 3% 0%

# ER Visits due to Asthma NA NA 14 0

Page 11: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Specific Housing Condition Changes

MN Green DC Green

% Pre % Post P-value % Pre % Post

Water/dampness 33% 7% p<0.102 84% 16%

Mildew odor/musty smell 25% 0% p<0.046 60% 0%

Dehumdifier use 25% 0% p<0.046 11% 0%

Cockroaches 25% 13% p<0.414 57% 8%

Mice/rats 25% 0% p<0.046 66% 12%

Smoke inside home 60% 47% p<0.157 93% 72%

Stove exhaust fan 85% 100% p<0.046 0% 100%

Page 12: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Environmental Testing-MN Green

Min Mean Max Comparison Value

CO2 (ppm)Pre-RenovationPost-Renovation





Radon (pCi/L):Pre-RenovationPost-Renovation






Page 13: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT


Page 14: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 15: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 16: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

‘‘Livable Communities Act of 2011’’

• Introduced by Senator Robert Menendez(D-NJ)

• Promotes livable communities through sustainable infrastructure for transportation, affordable housing, healthy housing, land use and economic development

• Authorizes the HUD Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities

• Authorizes Regional Planning and Community Challenge grants

• Adds a new Healthy Homes section

Page 17: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Tools for Incorporating Healthinto Housing and Community Development

• EPA Indoor Environment Protocols

• Healthy Development Measurement Tool

• Health Impact Assessment

Page 18: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

• Intended for voluntary adoption by:

– Weatherization assistance programs,

– Federally funded housing programs

– Private sector home performance contracting organizations

– Others working on residential retrofit or remodeling efforts

Page 19: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 20: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Healthy Development Measurement Tool

•100+ community-level measures

• Menus of policy and best practices

• Criteria for development projects

•Supporting public health evidence

Source: San Francisco

Department of Public Health

Page 21: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 22: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Health Impact Assessment

• A combination of procedures, methods and tools that systematically judges the potential, and sometimes unintended, effects of a policy, plan, program or project on the health of a population and the distribution of those effects within the population.

– A Health Impact Assessment Toolkit:

Page 23: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 24: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT
Page 25: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT


• Housing related disease and injuries are costly

• The return on investment for building healthier homes and communities is considerable

• Practical tools are available to housing and community development professionals to make communities more livable, healthy and sustainable.

Page 26: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

“For many years, I have lived uncomfortably with the belief that most planning and architectural design suffers for lack of real and basic purpose. The ultimate purpose, it seems to me, must be the improvement of mankind.”--- Jim Rouse

Page 27: SSC2011_Rebecca Morley PPT

Rebecca Morley

National Center for Healthy Housingin Columbia, MD and Washington DC

[email protected]

(t) 443.539.4159