Summary of the 5 Short Stories.

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- The Lottery.- The Chaser.- Love.- Samuel.- The Use of Force.

TRANSCRIPT

Ana Julia Pestana

Ana Jules

anajuliapestana815@yahoo.com.br

Samuel by Grace Paley(p. 46 55) The names of the characters are: Alfred, Calvin, Samuel, and Tom. The story of Samuel is located on a subway, where a wide range of people meet. The rails are underground in most of Manhattan but in the Bronx they are elevated. Because of the fact that the kids are young, nave and immature they dont realize the dangers of doing certain things. The consequence of this ends up killing Samuel who, driven by the excitement of the moment, lets go off the chain that maintained him alive. Moreover, the mention of three Negroes [] But three of the boys were Negroes and the fourth was something else she [the lady] couldnt tell for sure. [] and the mention of a chain [] Samuel had let go of his hold on the chain [] make reference to the social situation where the story is settled, which is in the days where African people emmigrated to the United States of America. Because of the situation where the story is placed, it could be said that Samuel was trying to include black people in the society of the white ones. This gives a bad impression on the point of view of the author since it shows that coloured people dont know how to behave; this can be clearly seen where it says (refering to a man that, by seeing these kids playing unconsciously, remembers his past times): [] Then he walked in a citizenly way to the end of the car, where he pulled the emergency cord. []; of course, this action that this man had caused the future death of Samuel since the train stopped abruptly.

Ana Julia Pestana

Ana Jules

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The Chaser by John Collier(p. 58 63) The name of the main character is Alan Austen. There is also an old man that appears in the story which we dont know his name. Alan is in love of Diana, she doesnt correspond his love (we can suppose that the reason for this is that he feels the kind of strong love that one feels at a young age and that she may be more mature than him). [] Young people who need a love potion very seldom have five thousand dollars. Otherwise they would not need a love poton. [] . By saying this, the old man shows that he knows that those who have money very rarely are searching for love. Near the end of the story, the old man lets Alan know all the things that will happen to the woman. This, is nothing more than the mere definition of what ever man expects of the perfect woman. What the kid doesnt know is that this has chances of not happening since the old man is just selling a product and wants to create customers.

Ana Julia Pestana

Ana Jules

anajuliapestana815@yahoo.com.br

Love by Jesse Stuart(p. 84 91) [] Stuart names specific plants and tools and animals to present the harsh reality and great beauty of an Appalachian hill-country farm. []. The main characters are: Bob (the Collie), the father and his son. One of the meanings of the presence of the snake in the story is the dualism. This can be seen between the father and his son (or daughter, since we dont know the gender) when the son tells his father not to kill the snake giving fundaments of why it is of no use to kill it and all the good that the snake could bring to the corn field of his father. As for the father, he thinks that all snakes are bad creatures without taking into consideration the words of his son and he maintains his ignorant posture by saying [] A snake is an enemy to me, [] I hate a snake. []. Moreover, the author makes reference to what the right definition of true love is by clearly explaining the efforts of a bull blacksnake to mate with his female and, remaining by her side even after the dog killed her. The author explains this by the use of a figure of speech called Personification, which is shown below. A reference to this is the following: [] The male snake had trailed her to her doom. He had come in the night, under the roof of stars, as the moon shed rays of light on the quivering clouds of green. He had found his lover dead. He was coiled beside her, and she was dead. []

Ana Julia Pestana

Ana Jules

anajuliapestana815@yahoo.com.br

The Use of Force by William Carlos Williams(p. 94 103) The characters are: the father and mother, Mathilda Olsen (daughter of the two parents) and a doctor. This story clearly shows the struggle between a child and a doctor when trying to take a sample of the throat to cure her and the immature attitude of not getting involved in such situation even when they both know that it is best to force the child to stay still instead of spoiling her.

The Lottery by Shirley Jackson(p. 106 122) The characters are: Tessie Hutchinson: the unlucky of the lottery. She always blames that the lottery is unfair because nobody gets to win even her when she got the marked paper but didnt win because of the society that was manly. Bill Hutchinson: Tessies husband. Took a blank paper but wants to prove that his wife had the marked paper. Mr. Harry Graves: the postmaster. Assisstant of Mr. Summers. Old Man Warner: the oldest man in the village. Participated in seventy-seven (77) lotteries and who believes that the lottery keeps people from returning to a barbaric state. Mr. Summers: the man who conducts the lottery. The childless owner of a coal company, one of the village leaders. The mention of the women appearing behind their men is a clearly hint that the women were still under surveillance of their husbands without being able of acting free.

Ana Julia Pestana -

Ana Jules

anajuliapestana815@yahoo.com.br

Quote: [] The women, wearing faded house dresses and sweaters, came shortly after their menfolk. []

Duality between Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves. Mr. Summers: Happy. Friendly. (Hot temperature, excitement, love, passion, etc.) Describe everything in a positive way regarding (respect to) this character. Mr. Graves: Death. Silence. (Cold temperature, deadly things, etc.) We can say that he was the one responsible to take the dead bodies after the lottery was finished (after everyone finishes killing the person who got the black coal dot, that was made on a white sheet duality between purity and impurity).

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It could be said that the story takes place in Summer, in a village where there is not much life apart from the 300 citizens that breed quite fast (it makes reference to the 77 years of the time that the lottery had at the time of the story).

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Due to the big amount of citizens and the idea of Mr. Summers to take control of the place, they continue for 77 years making the lottery which, it has as a final price, the death of the one who took the paper with the black coal-made mark on the white paper (white = Peace; black = death.)

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Tessie thinks its unfair because she took the marked paper and she has two sons to take care of. Since it is a manly society nobody fights against her unfair death (not even her husband).

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The short story is called "The Lottery" because, in life, living is a lottery, since one can die at any moment without minding the circumstances. (In this point, one can say almost anything).

Ana Julia Pestana

Ana Jules

anajuliapestana815@yahoo.com.br