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  • Thailand Motorcycle Accident Situation หนังสือรายงานสถานการณ์อุบัติเหตุทางถนนของประเทศไทย

    Assoc. Prof. Kunnawee Kanitpong

    • Thailand Accident Research Center (TARC)

    Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)

    • ThaiRoads Foundation

    23 March 2015

    Presented at the 70th Session of UNECE Road Safety Forum

  • Thailand Info…

  • Population: 64,456,695

    Registered Vehicle: 32,476,977

    Driver Licenses : 40,366,962

    Male: 29,483,525

    Female: 10,720,913

    Total Road Length : 117,386 km.

    National Highways: 68,098 km.

    Rural Highways: 49,080 km.

    Expressway: 208 km.

    VKT National Highways: 213,438 MVKT

    GDP : 8,830,957 million-baht

    Fuel Consumption in Transportation

    : 30,214 million-litre Source: ThaiRoads, 2012

  • 1

    Fatalities and Injuries

    due to Road Crashes

  • 1 1

    ,3 1

    5

    1 2

    ,7 2

    2

    1 2

    ,7 2

    2

    1 3

    ,3 5

    4

    1 2

    ,8 1

    1

    1 2

    ,3 4

    0

    1 1

    ,0 4

    1

    1 0

    ,4 2

    1

    9 ,9

    8 9

    9 ,6

    8 6

    13,244 13,766 14,033 14,059

    12,040 11,988 11,652

    13,116 14,012 13,766

    12,858 12,693 12,492 11,561

    10,717 10,742 9,910

    7,634

    0

    2,000

    4,000

    6,000

    8,000

    10,000

    12,000

    14,000

    16,000

    2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555

    R o a d A

    c c id

    e n t F a ta

    lit ie

    s

    สตช Police MOPH MOPH (After Data Linkage)

    Road Fatalities from Different Accident Databases

    Source: Ministry of Public Health, 2012

  • 2

    Road Crash Severity

  • All road network (Royal Thai Police)

    National Highways (DOH)

    Severity Index and Fatality Index from Road Crashes

    Severity Index Fatality Index

    S e v e ri ty

    I n d e x

    S e v e ri ty

    I n d e x

    F a ta

    lit y I n d e x

    F a ta

    lit y I n d e x

  • 3

    Who is at Fatal and Injured Risk?

  • Vehicle Types involved in Road Crashes per 10,000 registered vehicles

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140

    160

    180

    200

    2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554

    รถจักรยานยนต์

    รถยนต์

    รถกระบะ

    รถตู้

    รถบรรทุก

    Source: Department of Land Transport, Ministry of Transport

    Motorcycle

    Passenger Car

    Pick-up

    Van

    Truck

    Passenger Car

    Motorcycle

  • 0.00

    10.00

    20.00

    30.00

    40.00

    50.00

    60.00

    70.00

    80.00

    90.00

    100.00

    2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553

    รถยนต์ 4 ล้อ

    รถบรรทุก

    รถโดยสาร

    รถจักรยานยนต์

    Injuries involved in Road Crashes per registered vehicles Classified

    by Vehicle Types

    Source: Ministry of Public Health

    Motorcycle

    4-wheel car

    Bus

    Truck

    Motorcycle

    Bus

  • 4

    Motorcycle Use

    in Thailand

  • Rank No. Number of Motorcycle per 1,000 Population

    1. Vietnam 358

    2. Malaysia 332

    3. Thailand 251

    4. Indonesia 250

    5. Uruguay 182

    6. Italy 166

    7. Republic of Dominican 136

    8. Greece 127

    9. Mauritius 123

    Highest Motorcycle per Capita in 2010 Source: Global Status Report on Road Safety (2013)

  • Number of New Registered Motorcycle , 1993- 2011 Source: Department of Land Transport, Misnistry of Transport

    -

    500,000

    1,000,000

    1,500,000

    2,000,000

    2,500,000

    2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554

  • Motorcycle

    59% Passenger Car

    18%

    Pick-up

    17%

    Others

    6%

    Proportion of Registered Vehicles in 2012 classified by Vehicle Type

    Source: Department of Land Transport

  • 84%

    29%

    22%

    18%

    13%

    12%

    9%

    4%

    84%

    25%

    24%

    19%

    11%

    11%

    10%

    4%

    สะดวกรวดเร็วกว่ารถโดยสาร เช่น ไม่ต้องรอ ไม่ต้องต่อรถ ไม่ติดขัด

    ประหยัดค่าใช้จ่าย

    ไม่มีรถโดยสารว่ิงผ่านละแวกบ้านหรือท่ีท างาน

    ต้องเดินมาขึ้นรถไกลหรือไม่สะดวก

    ขับขี่สนุก เพลิดเพลิน เป็นการพักผ่อน

    จ าเป็นต้องบรรทุกสิ่งของ

    ใช้ตามคนใกล้ชดิ เช่น พ่อแม่ ญาติพี่น้อง เพื่อนฝูง

    อื่นๆ ผู้ขับขี่ ผู้โดยสาร Others

    Why people choose motorcycle for their transportation mode? Source: Self-Reported Questionnaire Survey by ThaiRaods Foundation and Road Safety Watch Network (2510)

    Convenient and agility (no need to wait and less traffic congestion)

    Low price

    Cannot access to public transport

    Long distance to access public transport

    Recreational purpose

    Need to carry stuff

    Influenced by parents, relatives, and friends

    Rider Passenger

  • 45%

    24% 24%

    29%

    34%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    15 - 25 26 - 35 36 - 45 46 - 60 มากกว่า 60

    30%

    40%

    35%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    ชาย หญิง รวม Male

    Proportion of Motorcycle Riders with No Driver License

    Classified by Age and Gender Source: Self-Reported Questionnaire Survey by ThaiRaods Foundation and Road Safety Watch Network (2510)

    Older than 60

    Female Total

  • 5

    Motorcycle Crash

    in Thailand

  • Pedestrian

    3.0%

    Passenger Car

    25.0%

    Motorcycle

    39.2%

    Pick-up Truck

    16.7%

    10-wheel Truck or

    more

    2.6% 6-wheel Truck

    1.8% Large Bus

    2.1% Van

    1.8%

    Taxi

    3.6%

    3-wheel MC

    0.9% Bicycle

    1.3%

    3-wheel Bicycle

    0.4% Farm vehicle

    0.2%

    Others

    1.4%

    Proportion of Road Crashes classified by Road User Types

    in 2002-2011

    Source: Royal Thai Police

  • Proportion of Fatalities classified by Road User Types

    in 2012

    Source: Ministry of Public Health

    Motorcycle 41%

    Passenger Car 12%

    Pickup Truck or Van 2%

    Pedestrian 6% Bicycle

    1%

    Heavy Truck 1% Bus

    0%

    3-Wheelers 0%

    Others 37%

  • Source: Ministry of Public Health

    Proportion of Severe Injuries due to Road Crashes classified by

    Road User Types in 2012

    Motorcycle 77%

    Passenger Car 4% Pickup Truck

    or Van 4%

    Pedestrian 4%

    Bicycle 7%

    Heavy Truck 1%

    Bus 0%

    3-Wheelers 1%

    Others 2%

  • Number of Fatalities due to Motorcycle Crashes, 2010-2012 Source: Ministry of Public Health and Road Accident Victims Protection Co. Ltd. (RVP)

    Injuries Fatalities

  • Injuries due to Motorcycle Crashes in Thailand, 1994-2012

    (Bangkok is not included)

    Number of Motorcycles (‘000 veh) Source: MOPH

    and DOLT

    Number of Injuries Injuries per Number of Motorcycles

  • Source: E-claim from Road Accident Victims Protection Co. Ltd.

    Motorcycle Collision Pattern in Thailand, 2010-2012

    Injuries Fatalities

    Lost Control/Roll Over

    Vehicle collision

    More than

    2-vehicle Collision

    Pedestrian Collision

    Fixed Object Collision

    Lost Control/Roll Over

    Vehicle collision

    More than

    2-vehicle Collision

    Pedestrian Collision

    Fixed Object Collision

  • Other Vehicles Involved in Motorcycle Crashes, 2010-2012

    Injuries Fatalities

    Bus

    Truck

    Passenger Car

    and Pickup

    Motorcycle

    Van

    Bus

    Truck

    Passenger Car

    a