The Legacy of War: Peaceby Boris A. Bakhmeteff

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<ul><li><p>World Affairs Institute</p><p>The Legacy of War: Peace by Boris A. BakhmeteffAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 90, No. 3 (March, 1928), p. 192Published by: World Affairs InstituteStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20661868 .Accessed: 17/06/2014 18:32</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>World Affairs Institute and Heldref Publications are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extendaccess to Advocate of Peace through Justice.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 185.2.32.185 on Tue, 17 Jun 2014 18:32:18 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=waihttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20661868?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>192 ADVOCATE OF PEACE March THE LEGACY OF WAR : PEAOE. By Boris A. </p><p>Bakhmeteff. Pp. 53. Houghton, Mifflin </p><p>Co., Boston, 1927. Price, $2.00. </p><p>The war-time ambassador of Russia to the </p><p>United States delivered this address at Mil </p><p>ton Academy in June, 1927. It was given under the permanent foundation, which was </p><p>established in that school in 1922, in memory of those alumni who gave their lives in the </p><p>World War. The noble and appropriate pur </p><p>pose of the foundation is to provide lectures </p><p>and informal conferences dealing with demo </p><p>cratic responsibilities and the opportunities for leadership in the new day. </p><p>M. Bakhmateff, therefore, traces for his </p><p>young auditors the contrasting conditions in </p><p>Europe and the United States since the war. </p><p>He especially contrasts the unfortunate col </p><p>lective "6tatism" in Russia, with individual </p><p>istic democracy in the United States. Since </p><p>real peace is "a peaceful progress of life" </p><p>internally, rather than mere absence of war, </p><p>he finds greater political health in this coun </p><p>try. We have, he says, attained personality </p><p>among the nations ; we have little to fear </p><p>from subversive doctrines. It remains for </p><p>us to follow up the ideas already begun in </p><p>the way of open diplomacy, patience, good </p><p>will. In these lines America has already </p><p>inaugurated, since the war, a democratic </p><p>doctrine in international behavior which </p><p>holds the seed of future equity and freedom </p><p>for the world. </p><p>BUILDING INTERNATIONAL GOOD WILL. By various writers. Pp. 242. Macmillan Co., </p><p>New York, 1927. Price, $1.50. </p><p>Here is a well printed, but amazingly in </p><p>adequate, book on its subject. It consists of </p><p>a series of small articles on large topics. </p><p>They are written by Jane Addams and Emily </p><p>Balch jointly, by J. H. Scattergood, Denys P. </p><p>Myers, and others. </p><p>In its historical portions no credit is given to the first workers for peace in this eduntry, </p><p>except in one sentence in the Addams-Balch </p><p>article. There William Ladd, mentioned in </p><p>four words, is called, astonishingly, "of Con </p><p>necticut." Since he was born in New Hamp </p><p>shire, lived in Maine, and, except for a year </p><p>and a half, his peace activities were largely </p><p>centered in either New York or Boston, it </p><p>seems odd that the year and a half of his </p><p>long work which did center in Connecticut </p><p>should have placed him there in the minds of </p><p>these ladies. Of the other articles some are </p><p>strongly pro-League, some non-resistant in </p><p>tone, absolute in doctrine ; many of them </p><p>quite out of date. </p><p>The book is put out by the officers and Executive Committee of the World Alliance </p><p>for International Friendship Through the </p><p>Churches. They claim it to be a "r~sum6 of </p><p>the various constructive methods" which are </p><p>now in use making toward universal peace. The book is, we must repeat, lamentably in </p><p>adequate to its purpose. </p><p>BROTHER JOHN : A TALE OF THE FIRST FRAN </p><p>CISCANS. By Vida D. Scudder. Pp. 336. </p><p>Little, Brown &amp; Co., Boston, 1927. Price, </p><p>$2.50. </p><p>Miss Scudder, Professor of English Litera </p><p>ture at Wellesley College, has felt, with </p><p>many others, that the story of St. Francis </p><p>and his early disciples has somewhat to teach </p><p>the modern world. A close student of the </p><p>thirteenth century, she sees something akin </p><p>to our modern paradoxes in the "varying atti </p><p>tudes of Lady Poverty's friends to questions of property and war." The emphasis on joy is another point which the Franciscans of </p><p>those days have in common with many in </p><p>the modern world, though perhaps today we </p><p>expect happiness to flow from impossible causes. </p><p>The book is not quite a novel, yet it is an </p><p>imaginative and dramatic narrative of the </p><p>absorbing struggles which moved the two </p><p>wings of the Franciscan order immediately after Francis' death. </p><p>Brother John is a lovable and loving Eng lish youth, who leaves his estates in England and becomes a sincere and humble Brother </p><p>Minor, finally a "spiritual, or zealot," and </p><p>dies in prison, singing. Other brothers are </p><p>vivid and living-Brother Bernard, Brother </p><p>Elias, Brother Thomas, Brother Giles, and </p><p>all. </p><p>The sunny Umbrian landscape, with its </p><p>hills, rivers and sky, as also the heavy po litical atmosphere of Rome, are represented in a way to be remembered. Withal, there is </p><p>a sane recognition-Was it Brother John or </p><p>the twentieth-century author?-that poverty, actual avoidance of responsibility, has its </p><p>dangers. It may burden others unfairly. These are still, as they were then, questions, and the answer is not yet. </p><p>This content downloaded from 185.2.32.185 on Tue, 17 Jun 2014 18:32:18 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 192</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 90, No. 3 (March, 1928), pp. 131-192Front MatterEditorialsWHY OUR CONFERENCE IN CLEVELAND? [pp. 133-134]A SUCCESSFUL CONGRESS [pp. 135-136]REGRETTABLE [pp. 136-138]MR. BURTON'S RESOLUTION [pp. 138-140]GERMAN SENSE AND SECURITY [pp. 141-142]CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE [pp. 142-146]A SAMPLE EUROPEAN DIFFICULTY [pp. 146-149]</p><p>WORLD PROBLEMS IN REVIEWSIXTH PAN AMERICAN CONFERENCE AT HAVANA: SUMMARY OF RESULTS [pp. 149-154]THE PROBLEM OF SECURITY [pp. 154-158]FRENCH ARMY REFORM [pp. 158-159]FUTURE OF THE GERMAN REICH [pp. 159-160]TROTSKY'S EXILE TO SIBERIA [pp. 160-162]</p><p>THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE: A Little History [pp. 162-169]SHOULD ANY NATIONAL DISPUTE BE RESERVED FROM ARBITRATION? [pp. 170-173]INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS [pp. 173-175]OUR ARMY [pp. 175-178]A LETTER FROM "BILL" ADAMS [pp. 179-180]GENEVA AND AFTER [pp. 181-184]The Trees That Died in the War [pp. 184-184]INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTSAN ARBITRATION TREATY: BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, SIGNED AT WASHINGTON ON FEBRUARY 6, 1928 [pp. 185-186]ANGLO-IRAQ TREATY [pp. 186-187]</p><p>News in Brief [pp. 188-190]BOOK REVIEWSReview: untitled [pp. 190-191]Review: untitled [pp. 191-191]Review: untitled [pp. 191-191]Review: untitled [pp. 192-192]Review: untitled [pp. 192-192]Review: untitled [pp. 192-192]</p></li></ul>