tutankhamen (literacy network)

Download Tutankhamen (Literacy Network)

Post on 19-Mar-2016

216 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Tutankhamen (Literacy Network)

TRANSCRIPT

  • CONTENTS

    Cairo Daily Times Tutankhamens Burial Chamber Opened! 2Cairo Daily Times Carter v the Water Boy 6Cairo Daily Times Tutankhamens Mummy Discovered! 8Interview: The Curse of Tutankhamen 10Debate: What caused Tutankhamens Death? 16Glossary and Index 21Activities 22

    This book is based on historical fact, but the newspaper articles are works of fiction. The interview and debate participants are also fictional characters.

  • TuTankhamens Burial ChamBer Opened!Discoverymajor new Find in the Valley of the kings!

    A team of more than 100 workmen has been digging out thousands of tons of rubble. This work was done over the past six years. Last year, these excavations were almost cancelled due to lack of progress. The big breakthrough came

    on 4 November 1922. A water boy, taking drinks to the

    workmen, came across a step by accident. It was the first of 16 steps leading down to the tomb. Since this time, Carter has

    been removing the contents of the smaller room in front of the burial chamber, or antechamber. Only once this antechamber was clear could Carter open the burial chamber itself.

    A remarkable discovery has been made in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt Howard Carter, a scientist who studies ancient ruins, or archaeologist, has finally opened the burial chamber of the king Tutankhamen Carter has been searching for Tutankhamens tomb since 1917

    Cairo Daily Times, Egypt, 18 February 1923

    0 500 1000 Miles

    0 500 1000 1500 Kilometres

    Key

    ValleyoftheKings

    AFRICA

    Egypt

    Mediterranean Sea

    Red Sea

    Nile

    Cairo

    Fromlefttoright:Carter,aworkmanandassistantArthurCallenderopeningthedoortotheinnermostshrineintheburialchamberofTutankhamenstomb

    Daily TimesCairoLocation of the Valley of the Kings

    2 3

  • TuTankhamens Burial ChamBer Opened!Discoverymajor new Find in the Valley of the kings!

    A team of more than 100 workmen has been digging out thousands of tons of rubble. This work was done over the past six years. Last year, these excavations were almost cancelled due to lack of progress. The big breakthrough came

    on 4 November 1922. A water boy, taking drinks to the

    workmen, came across a step by accident. It was the first of 16 steps leading down to the tomb. Since this time, Carter has

    been removing the contents of the smaller room in front of the burial chamber, or antechamber. Only once this antechamber was clear could Carter open the burial chamber itself.

    A remarkable discovery has been made in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt Howard Carter, a scientist who studies ancient ruins, or archaeologist, has finally opened the burial chamber of the king Tutankhamen Carter has been searching for Tutankhamens tomb since 1917

    Cairo Daily Times, Egypt, 18 February 1923

    0 500 1000 Miles

    0 500 1000 1500 Kilometres

    Key

    ValleyoftheKings

    AFRICA

    Egypt

    Mediterranean Sea

    Red Sea

    Nile

    Cairo

    Fromlefttoright:Carter,aworkmanandassistantArthurCallenderopeningthedoortotheinnermostshrineintheburialchamberofTutankhamenstomb

    Daily TimesCairoLocation of the Valley of the Kings

    2 3

  • Tutankhamen was king of ancient Egypt, or pharaoh, from 1333 bc to 1324 bc. His name means the living image of Amun. Amun was an important god in Egyptian mythology. Tutankhamen was just nine years old when he became pharaoh. Carter believes that he died at a young age, but this has

    yet to be confirmed. It seems that Tutankhamen was quickly forgotten after his death. More tombs were built in the valley for later rulers. The entrance to Tutankhamens tomb became covered up with soil. Two hundred years later, workers even built huts over it.

    This is a startling discovery. Tutankhamens tomb is the most intact pharaohs tomb ever found. The tombs of the Valley of the Kings were often raided. Carter says there are signs that Tutankhamens tomb was broken into twice, soon after his death. Thieves stole items from jewellery caskets in the antechamber.

    Luckily, they did not reach the burial chamber. The tombs guards probably chased the thieves, then resealed the doors into the tomb. Carter predicts that the four rooms of the tomb contain thousands of precious objects. Lord Carnarvon, a wealthy

    Englishman, has funded Howard Carters work.

    GeorgeHerbert,5thEarlofCarnarvon

    Cairo Daily Times, Egypt, 18 February 1923

    Carter(right)withastatuebeingcarriedoutofthetombbyaworkman

    CarterandLordCarnarvonatthetomb

    4 5

  • Tutankhamen was king of ancient Egypt, or pharaoh, from 1333 bc to 1324 bc. His name means the living image of Amun. Amun was an important god in Egyptian mythology. Tutankhamen was just nine years old when he became pharaoh. Carter believes that he died at a young age, but this has

    yet to be confirmed. It seems that Tutankhamen was quickly forgotten after his death. More tombs were built in the valley for later rulers. The entrance to Tutankhamens tomb became covered up with soil. Two hundred years later, workers even built huts over it.

    This is a startling discovery. Tutankhamens tomb is the most intact pharaohs tomb ever found. The tombs of the Valley of the Kings were often raided. Carter says there are signs that Tutankhamens tomb was broken into twice, soon after his death. Thieves stole items from jewellery caskets in the antechamber.

    Luckily, they did not reach the burial chamber. The tombs guards probably chased the thieves, then resealed the doors into the tomb. Carter predicts that the four rooms of the tomb contain thousands of precious objects. Lord Carnarvon, a wealthy

    Englishman, has funded Howard Carters work.

    GeorgeHerbert,5thEarlofCarnarvon

    Cairo Daily Times, Egypt, 18 February 1923

    Carter(right)withastatuebeingcarriedoutofthetombbyaworkman

    CarterandLordCarnarvonatthetomb

    4 5

  • CARTER v THE WATER BOYREPORT

    The step was the first clue to the position of the tomb. Many of the tombs in the valley had staircases leading down into them. Ness lawyer claims that if this step hadnt been found, the rest of the tomb would have remained hidden.Carters lawyer argues that

    Carter knew that Tutankhamens tomb was in the Valley of the Kings. Carter had done a grid search, digging down to the rock metre by metre. The lawyer then produced a map showing

    these excavations. The area around the tomb was the last to be excavated. This was because crowds of tourists visiting the tomb of Ramses IV made digging nearby difficult. Also, the workers on Ramses IVs tomb had built their huts over Tutankhamens tomb. Carter ordered his men to dig a trench through these ancient huts. Only then did the water boy make his discovery.The lawyer said that it was

    just a matter of time before the tomb would be found. The water boy did not even realise that the step was the first of 16 steps leading down into a tomb. He simply used the step as a place to put his water jugs. The lawyer stated that Carter, however, immediately realised that the steps led to Tutankhamens tomb.The case continues.

    Cairo Daily Times, 6 April 1923

    The controversy over who actually discovered the tomb of Tutankhamen continued today at the Cairo High Court The case, known as Carter v the Water Boy, is in its third day of trial The archaeologist Howard Carter argues that his research led to the discovery of the tomb A water boy working for Carter, known only as Nes, states that he should get the credit

    Workmenandvisitorsobservingtheexcavationofthetomb

    On the witness stand, Nes stated that on 4 November 1922 he hit a rock with his heel. At the time he was making room for jugs of water for the thirsty workers at the excavation site. When sand was cleared off this rock, the step was revealed. Other eyewitnesses confirm this report.

    EntrancetothetombofKingTutankhamenintheValleyoftheKings

    Daily TimesCairo

    6 7

  • CARTER v THE WATER BOYREPORT

    The step was the first clue to the position of the tomb. Many of the tombs in the valley had staircases leading down into them. Ness lawyer claims that if this step hadnt been found, the rest of the tomb would have remained hidden.Carters lawyer argues that

    Carter knew that Tutankhamens tomb was in the Valley of the Kings. Carter had done a grid search, digging down to the rock metre by metre. The lawyer then produced a map showing

    these excavations. The area around the tomb was the last to be excavated. This was because crowds of tourists visiting the tomb of Ramses IV made digging nearby difficult. Also, the workers on Ramses IVs tomb had built their huts over Tutankhamens tomb. Carter ordered his men to dig a trench through these ancient huts. Only then did the water boy make his discovery.The lawyer said that it was

    just a matter of time before the tomb would be found. The water boy did not even realise that the step was the first of 16 steps leading down into a tomb. He simply used the step as a place to put his water jugs. The lawyer stated that Carter, however, immediately realised that the steps led to Tutankhamens tomb.The case continues.

    Cairo Daily Times, 6 April 1923

    The controversy over who actually discovered the tomb of Tutankhamen continued today at the Cairo High Court The case, known as Carter v the Water Boy, is in its third day of trial The archaeologist Howard Carter argues that his research led to the discovery of the tomb A water boy working for Carter, known only as Nes, states that he should get the credit