word formation 1 lesson 7b classifying grammar classifying morphology

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Word formation 1 Lesson 7B
  • Slide 3
  • CLASSIFYING GRAMMAR
  • Slide 4
  • CLASSIFYING MORPHOLOGY
  • Slide 5
  • THE OVERALL PICTURE
  • Slide 6
  • swim CONVERSION when a word changes its word class to swim (verb)a swim (noun)
  • Slide 7
  • CONVERSION to rainrain to bicyclea bicycle to cheat a cheat
  • Slide 8
  • CNN, NATO ACRONYMS initials which are pronounced as single words
  • Slide 9
  • ping-pong, teeny-weeny REDUPLICATION a lexeme with two identical, or very similar, constituents
  • Slide 10
  • motel, brunch, heliport BLENDING when a word is made out of shortened forms of other words BR-eakfast + l-UNCH = BRUNCH
  • Slide 11
  • BLENDING motel heliport mo-tor? + ho-tel heli-copter + air-port
  • Slide 12
  • gas CLIPPING when a word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter form gasoline gas
  • Slide 13
  • CLIPPING burger deli mike hamburger delicatessen microphone
  • Slide 14
  • edit, televise, demo BACK FORMATION When a word of one type is reduced to form a word of a different type editoredit
  • Slide 15
  • BACK FORMATION televisiontelevise demonstrationdemo
  • Slide 16
  • Aussie HYPOCORISM A longer word is reduced to a single syllable and then -y or -ie is added Australian Auss + -ieAussie
  • Slide 17
  • HYPOCORISM moving picture move + ie movie
  • Slide 18
  • quack, woof ONOMATOPEIA When a word is created to sound like the thing it names
  • Slide 19
  • Darwinian EPONYM when a word is derived from the name of a person
  • Slide 20
  • EPONYMY Buzz Lightyear is derived from Buzz Aldrin the astronaut Garibaldi biscuits were marketed in England after Garibaldis visit (and you can still buy them)
  • Slide 21
  • nylon, aspirin COINAGE the invention of a totally new word This often occurs with scientific names and trade names of new products
  • Slide 22
  • Quiz (1) vet = clipping fantabulous = blending (fantastic + fabulous) Google = coinage (a new invention) to Google (vb) = conversion from Google (noun) doc = clipping (from doctor) zig-zag =reduplication fahrenheit = eponym
  • Slide 23
  • Quiz (2) Sob! = onomatopeia hankie = hypocorism AIDS = acronymy to biograph = back-formation from biography (noun) infotainment = blending (information + entertainment) to party = conversion from party (noun)