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DESCRIPTIONBaroque Era. 1600-1750. www.nyu.edu. Baroque Era. Began with Opera Ended with the death of Johann Sebastian Bach Term “Baroque” originally applied to architecture Describes architecture, music, painting, literature, and fashion of that era Fancy and highly decorative. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
www.nyu.eduBaroque EraBegan with OperaEnded with the death of Johann Sebastian BachTerm Baroque originally applied to architecture Describes architecture, music, painting, literature, and fashion of that eraFancy and highly decorative
Composers of the Baroque EraJohann Sebastian BachGeorge Frederick Handel Arcangelo CorelliGeorg Philipp TelemannAntonio Vivaldi
Portrait of Bach, Haussmann, 1748Instruments used during the Baroque EraHarpsichordPrimary keyboard instrumentFluteOboeBassoonTromboneValveless Trumpets and HornsOrgan
What made the Baroque Era Unique?Written dynamics introduced New styles of entertainment introduced: Opera: combines singing, dance, orchestra, costumes, and sceneryBallet: dance with orchestraMusic although considered simple emphasized emotion and showed personal side of composersComposers of this time period composed simple melodies that could be ornamented and extravagant.
Key TermsCadenza Unaccompanied passage before the end of a pieceDynamicsRefers to how a musical piece is played (loudness, softness)PianoSoftForte LoudCrescendo Gradually louderDecrescendo Gradually softerBaroque Musical StylesFugue-structured, musical piece that requires two or more voices and built on a subject that is imitated throughout piece.Tocatta- a musical composition usually for organ or harpsichord played in a free style and characterized by full chords and quick passages. Show off piece.Johann Sebastian BachBorn March 21, 1685 in Germany. His parents died when he was very young. Brother, Christoph was a church organist and taught him how to play the organ and harpsichordLater in life became a court organist and violinist and was also a teacher. He composed several types of music, such as, fugues, toccatas, and cantatas. Except opera.Composed over 100 works in his lifetime but very little of them were published during his lifetime.One of the greatest composers of all time.Died on July 28, 1750 which also ended the Baroque Era.Fugue and ToccataFugue- is a structured piece of music that contains a subject that is recurring and also contains contrasting parts called episodes
Toccata- free style piece. Very quick, fast moving with long full chords. Musical Exampleshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FXoyr_FyFw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0pfBoT46eIGeorge Frideric HandelBorn February 23, 1685 in Germany. Showed great musical talent from a very young age and always knew he wanted to be a musician.Parents had other plans for him and wanted him to become a lawyer.Became very interested in opera after leaving school. Was a violinist.Wrote vocal music in many different languages.Wrote many operas and oratorios during his lifetime. Baroque Musical Styles contd.Oratorio- A musical piece that describes a sacred story and played with accompaniment.Text taken from the Bible.
Like an opera but more like a concert piece than a stage piece.
17th century- oratorios became more popular because opera was banned during a certain part of the church year. Musical ExamplesOratorioHallelujah Chorushttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUZEtVbJT5cRejoicehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNt1Qj4MA6MOperaA dramatic story that is put to music. The plot is told by orchestral and vocal music. Costumes and scenery is also used in an opera. Parts of the OperaLibretto- the text of an opera
Recitative- is a song that is spoken in rhythm to tell a story rather than singing the melody.
Leit-motif- a theme or musical phrase to identify a certain character in an opera.
Aria- song used for solo purposes in an opera.
Overture- the musical composition played at the beginning of an opera. Types of OperaGrand Opera- A dramatic story that usually is tragic that is sung in its entirety. This could also be known as Opera Seria. (serious opera)Comic opera- a humorous musical play that can be performed with or without dialogue. Opera comique- a cheerful or tragic story in which spoken dialogue is used.
Musical Exampleshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OzIUL0wKkgURomantic Era
1820-1900The Romantic EraCame after the Classical Era.Resented the simplicity of the Classical Era.Focused on emotions, imagination, and individualism.Music was usually created to perform for concerts that required admission.
Romantic Era Composers were influenced by the political, and social changes of the time and this caused them to put emotion into their music.
Music of the Romantic EraSymphonies- were more pragmatic, meaning they told stories or scenes through music.Composers started using different rhythms, melodies, different meters, chromaticism, and several tempo changes to create tension and expression in their music.Orchestra size grew. Allowed composers to make bigger dynamic changes. Instruments of the Romantic EraMany instruments were redesigned during this time. Valves were invented for brass instruments. Clarinets and flutes also became easier to play with keys Saxophone was also invented in 1846.
Styles of MusicOperaSymphonySonatasBalletPeter Ilyich TchaikovskyBorn May 7, 1840 in Russia.Began studying music at 22He worked for the government and wrote music while he considered a career in music.He wrote symphonies, operas, and music for ballets.His music is said to be very enjoyable(played often)He lived alone Very depressed. Always felt his music was never good enough.
BalletBallet- a stage show in whichballet dancing and music, often with scenery and costumes, are combined to tell a story.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvriN62Y5bYThe NutcrackerBalletMusic written by TchaikovskyOne of the most famous ballets Performed the most around Christmas timeSeven dances each written in different forms (ABA ABACA)Tells the story of a girl named Clara whose nutcracker toy gets broken and doesnt know how to fix it. She goes down stairs to check one night by the tree and the toys come to life before her eyes. New Instrument