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  • BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT)

  • • Need for public transport

    • Importance of bus transport

    • Description of BRT

    • BRT project in Delhi

    2

    STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION

  • Population per sq. km.

    Road Space as Percentage of Total Area:

    Present road length- 28,000 kms. with limited expansion possibilities

    3

    DELHI VIS A VIS THE WORLD

    Delhi (Urban)

    Delhi (Whole)

    Seoul Singapore Hong Kong

    Tokyo Kuala Lumpur

    Paris (City)

    13,930 9,340 24,500 8,700 30,100 10,400 5,900 24,448

    Delhi Tokyo Munich Hong Kong Paris Bangkok

    21% 13% 13% 12% 11% 11%

  • MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED IN DELHI

    0

    200000

    400000

    600000

    800000

    1000000

    1200000

    1400000

    1600000

    1800000

    2000000

    2200000

    2400000

    2600000

    2800000

    3000000

    3200000

    3400000 1

    9 8

    1

    1 9

    8 2

    1 9

    8 3

    1 9

    8 4

    1 9

    8 5

    1 9

    8 6

    1 9

    8 7

    1 9

    8 8

    1 9

    8 9

    1 9

    9 0

    1 9

    9 1

    1 9

    9 2

    1 9

    9 3

    1 9

    9 4

    1 9

    9 5

    1 9

    9 6

    1 9

    9 7

    1 9

    9 8

    1 9

    9 9

    2 0

    0 0

    2 0

    0 1

    2 0

    0 2

    2 0

    0 3

    2 0

    0 4

    2 0

    0 5

    2 0

    0 6

    YEAR (1981-2006)

    N O

    . O

    F V

    E H

    IC L

    E S

    R E

    G IS

    T E

    R E

    D

    Cars/ Taxis

    Two Wheelers

    TSR

    Buses & Other

    Heavy Vehicles

    4

    MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED IN DELHI

  • 5

    TRADITIONAL PROBLEM SOLVING : THE CAR ORIENTED

    INFRASTRUCTURE

  • 6

    SO WHAT IS THE SOLUTION?

  • 50 cars or 60 b icyc les or 1 bus

    EFFICIENT USE OF ROAD SPACE

  •  More equitable allocation of road space with people, rather than vehicles

     Greater use of public transport and non- motorized modes

     Reserving lanes and corridors exclusively for public transport and non- motorized modes of travel

    8

    NATIONAL URBAN TRANSPORT POLICY

  • 9

    DELHI MASTER PLAN 2021

    According to Para 12.5 (iv) of the Plan –

    “On all roads with right of way (ROW) greater than 30 meters exclusive bus lanes will be planned to implement the Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in a phased manner to cover the whole city.”

  • • I.A. No: 226 in writ petition (civil) Nos: 13029 of 1985

    Quote: “……The EPCA shall also examine the issue of increase of High Capacity Bus System with existing public transport system…”

    10

    SUPREME COURT RULING

  • 11

    EXIST IN OVER 30 CITIES ACROSS THE GLOBE IN

    ALL KINDS OF DEVELOPMENT SPECTRUMS,

    CULTURAL TRAITS, DEMOGRAPHICS AND

    TRAFFIC CHARACTERSTICS.

    BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEMS

  • 12

    Latin América

    Belo Horizonte

    Bogotá

    Campiñas

    Curitiba

    Gociana

    Lima

    Porto Alegre

    Quito

    Recife

    Sao Paulo

    México City

    North América

    Honolulu

    Los Ángeles

    Miami

    Canada

    Ottawa

    Pittsburgh

    Vancouver

    Asia

    Akita

    Fukuoka

    Gifu

    Kanazawa

    Kunming

    Miyazaki

    Nagaoka

    Nagoya

    Niigata

    Taipéi

    Beijing

    Jakarta

    Europe

    Claremont Ferrand

    Eindhoven

    Essen

    Ipswich

    Leeds

    Nancy

    Rouen

    Oceanía

    Adelaide

    Brisbane

    BRT Systems in

    operation

    BRTS ACROSS THE WORLD

  • • Pune

    • Ahmedabad

    • Indore

    • Bhopal

    • Jaipur

    • Vishakhapatnam

    • Hyderabad

    • Nagpur

    • Delhi

    13

    Lloyd Wright

    BRT STATUS IN INDIAN CITIES. (JNURRM FUNDING APPROVED)

  • Trips per person per day

    0

    0.1

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6

    0.7

    0.8

    0.9

    London Singapore Hong Kong Delhi

    MRT Bus

    14

    PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN WORLD CITIES

  • EQUITY:

    in terms of providing access across all strata

    of society at an acceptable cost

    EFFICIENCY:

    by way of providing more throughput per

    unit of investment or road space

    ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY:

    by way of reducing private vehicles and using green

    fuel

    BRT is a synthesis of 3 E’s

     It combines the advantages of rail transit with flexibility of Bus service

     It is endorsed by institutions such as World Bank, Asian Development Bank etc.

     Being green it is the only transport project with the availability of World Bank GEF funding

    15

    BRT MAJOR FACTS

  • In BRT commuters can only cross at the zebra crossings. Fatality rates will come down drastically.

    Experts observe that road based transport provides the most effective connectivity for

    residents.

    The Delhi BRT project has been implemented after rigorous analysis and consideration

    16

  • BRT can penetrate in less ROW areas

    BRT is on ‘AT GRADE LEVEL’ so builds easier access

    BRT is a relatively inexpensive mode hence can be implemented more widely

    Gestation time is relatively short

    BRT has more stoppages and therefore provides user friendly changeover points

    BRT

    Builds

    Flexibility

    ADVANTAGES OF BRT

  • Efficient utilization of road spaceEfficient utilization of road space

    COST CONSIDERATIONSCOST CONSIDERATIONS

    BRT 5-20

    crores / km

    Metro 125 to

    220 crores / km

    18

    Shortest planning & construction time BRT - 1.5 years / Metro -

    Shortest planning & construction time BRT - 1.5 years / -3 to 5 years (~18km)

  • Not affected by traffic jams

    Lanes can be used by emergency vehicles

    BRT lanes can be used by school buses etc also

    19

  • 20

    Quito, Ecuador

    Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Curitiba, Brazil

    Bus stop platform and bus floor at

    the same level

    Wider doors

    RAPID BOARDING AND ALIGHTING

  • BRT IS PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED FRIENDLY

  • 22

    WORLD OVER BRT USES THE CENTRAL LANE

  • 23

    Pedestrian path 3 m x 2m

    Bus lane 3.3 - 3.5 m

    Car lane 3.0 m X 2

    Bicycle lane None

    BRT: CAR 1 WAY 2 LANES, BUS 1 WAY. ROW ~ 18 M

  • Pedestrian path 4 m x 2

    Bus lane 3.3 - 3.5 m x 2

    Car lane 3.0 m x 4

    Bicycle lane Mixed

    24

    BRT: CAR 2 WAY 2 LANES, BUS 2 WAY. ROW: ~30-35 M

  • Mode Persons per lane (3m) per hour

    Bus (dedicated lane) 15,000 – 25,000

    Walking 9,000

    Bicycle 5,000

    Car 3,000

    3 car lanes mixed - 10.5m 9,000 - 15,000

    2 car + 1 bus - 10.5m 20,000 - 30,000

    2 car + 1bus(BRT rationalised) - 10.5m 30,000 - 40,000

    25

    PEOPLE FLOW CAPACITIES

    Pedestrians + bicycles using 4.5m additional rationalised space

    from existing ROW will provide additional throughput of app.

    10000 persons per hour

  •  Relatively low rise development

     Multiple business districts

     Delhi expanding in a radial mode

    Central City not the main destination

     Car – about 15 % families

    2-wheeler – about 35% families

    No vehicle – about 50% families

    50% people with no option but

    public transport

     Marginal cost of two wheeler trip

    about Rs 1.00 per km -

    Maximum fare level cannot be higher

     Mixed land use patterns, strict

    zoning impossible

    Majority trips less than 10 km

    Transit system therefore must be

    low cost and wide spread

    DELHI CHARACTERSTICS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    ROHINII

    DWARKA

    GURGAON

    GHAZIABAD

    FARIDABAD

  • • The first corridor of BRT in Delhi is from Ambedkar Nagar to Delhi Gate. It is 14.5 km. long with minimum ROW at 28 meters and maximum ROW at 51.5 meters.

    • Total cost of the project is Rs. 215 crores at an average cost of Rs. 14.83 crores/ km

    27

    SALIENT FEATURES OF SOLUTION FOR DELHI: AMBEDKAR NAGAR- DLEHI GATE CORRIDOR

  • 28

    PEAK HOUR DENSITY OF BUSES

    Peak Hour Density

    Ambedkar Nagar- Press Enclave 93

    Chirag Delhi - Andrews Ganj 75

    Andrews Ganj - Moolchand 217

    Moolchand - Bhagwan Das road 129

    Bhagwan Das Road - Delhi Gate 419

  • • A total of 20 bus stops along the corridor are planned

    • Generally 100-200 buses move on various sections during peak hour catering to a maximum PHPDT of about 10000 on an average day.

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